Physical development and functional status of women 20–35 years old, involved in swimming

Liliia Sheiko

Abstract


Purpose: determining changes in physical development and functional state of women 20–35 years old, engaged in swimming.

Material & Methods: 20 women aged 20–35 years old took part in the study, which consisted of two groups: the main group (MG) and the control group (CG). The MG included women swimming in the fitness and fitness groups of the author's swimming school of Yu. V. Bliznyuk and Pioneer pool (water sports school named after Yana Klochkova); in the CG – women who lead active lifestyles, but in health groups are not engaged, swimming only on weekends. The tested people had the same swimming preparedness. Applied: survey, testing, instrumental methods for studying the cardiovascular system. Lung capacity and dynamometry were determined. To study the functional reserves of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, the Skibinsky index was used. The obtained quantitative data were processed by the methods of mathematical statistics.

Results: the study suggests that in women of 20–35 years old swimming lessons cause changes in physical development and functional state. According to the parameters of the physical development of women of MG and CG swimming during the year has a positive effect on the body. First of all, swimming helps to improve the state of the cardio-respiratory system and the strength abilities of women.

Conclusions: the positive effect of swimming on the physical development and functional status of women aged 20–35 years engaged in recreational swimming is substantiated and proved.


Keywords


swimming; women; indicators; physical development; functional state

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amosov, I.V. & Zemskov, Ye.A. (2000), "Peculiarities of the influence of complex exercises in gymnastics and swimming with a health-improving focus on the main components of physicalfitness of women aged 21-35", Teoriya I praktika fiz.kultury, No. 6, pp. 23-26. (in Russ.)

Apsiauri, L.Sh. (1990), Socio-pedagogical aspects of the involvement of women in physical culture and sports activities: PhD thesis abstract, Tbilisi, 23 p. (in Russ.)

Balamutova, N.M., Kozhukh, N.F., Sheyko, L.V. & Oleynikov, I.P. (2006), "Changes in the physical development and physical fitness of women aged 35–50 years who are engaged in recreational swimming groups", Fizicheskoe vospitanie studentov tvorcheskih spezialnostej, No. 1, pp. 57-61. (in Russ.)

Balamutova, N.M., Kozhukh, N.F., Sheyko, L.V. & Oleynikov, I.P. (2008), "A study of the relationship of indicators of physical development and physical fitness of female students with the initial level of ability to swim", Pedagogika, psikhologiya ta medico-biologichni problemi fizichnogo vikhovannya i sportu, No. 3, pp. 12-

(in Russ.)

Balamutova, N.M. & Sheyko, L.V. (2016), "The positive effect of swimming lessons on the physical and functional state of female students in the conditions of the university", Actual problems of the development of traditional and eastern martial arts: collection of sciences. The work of the X International internet Science. Method. conf. National Academy of National Guard of Ukraine, Kharkiv, pp. 254-257. (in Russ.)

Kardamonov, N.N. (2001), Plavanie: lechenie i sport [Swimming: treatment and sport], Fizkultura i sport. (in Russ.)

Laflin, T. (2012), Like a fish in water. Effective swimming techniques available to everyone, Mann, Ivanov i Ferber. (in Russ.)

Ponomareva, V.V. (2001), Fizicheskaya kultura i zdorove [Physical Culture and Health], SGIFK, Smolensk. (in Russ.)

Romanchuk, O.P. (2010), Medical and pedagogical control in the physical fitness: navch.-metod. pos., Odesa, 206 p. (in Ukr.)

Uilmor, Dz.H. (1997), "Physiology of sports and motor activity", Kostil, Kiev. (in Russ.)

Houli, T.E. (2000), Improving fitness, Kiev. (in Russ.)

Sheyko, L.V. (2014), "The relationship and differences of sports, recreational and recreational swimming", Visnik Chernigivskogo nazionalnogo pedagodicheskogo universitetu, Vol. 3, No. 118, pp. 314-317. (in Russ.)

Sheyko, L.V. (2016), "Estimation of the influence of recutational swimming on the level of the physical state of women", Fizichna utabilitatsiya ta rekreatsiyno-ozdorovchi tekhnologii, No. 3, pp. 263-269. (in Russ.)

Sheyko, L.V. (2017), "Dynamics of the physical and psychoemotional state of women under the influence of swimming", Slobozans`kij naukovo-sportivnij visnik, No. 1(57), pp. 121-126, doi: 10.15391/snsv.2017-1.021. (in Russ.)

Sheyko, L.V. (2018), "Dynamics of indicators of the functional state of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems of women under the influence of swimming", Slobozans`kij naukovo-sportivnij visnik, No. 1(63), pp. 121-125, doi: 10.15391/snsv.2018-1.022. (in Russ.)

Shulga, L.M. (2008), Wellness swimming, Olinpijska literatura. (in Ukr.)

Brian J. Sharkey & Steven E. Gaskill (2006), Fitness & Health, ISBN: 978-0736099370.




Copyright (c) 2019 Slobozhanskyi herald of science and sport

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.