FEATURES OF METHODOLOGY OF FLEXIBILITY DEVELOPMENT OF FEMALE ATHLETES OF 8-9 YEARS OLD, ENGAGED IN ARTISTIC GYMNASTICS
Keywords:flexibility development, gymnastics, 8-9 years old female gymnasts, testing.
Purpose: to substantiate the effectiveness of the use of author's methodology of flexibility development of 8-9 years old athletes, engaged in artistic gymnastics.
Material and methods: the research was carried out during the year with a group of athletes (12 female gymnasts) engaged in gymnastics at the Sports School of high sportsmanship in Kharkov. The pedagogical experiment was organized with the aim of improving the content of the educational and training process in artistic gymnastics. The methodology developed in the course of the research consisted of appropriately selected means and methods aimed at ensuring a gradual and systematic increase in the level of flexibility development among young female gymnasts. After the initial testing of the level of flexibility development in the training process of the female gymnasts of the research group, a specially developed author's methodology was additionally included, which was used in the main part of the training session (10-12 minutes). To identify the effectiveness of the author's methodology, analysis and generalization of literary sources, pedagogical observation, testing, pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics were used.
Results: according to the results of the experiment, an improvement was revealed in almost all the studied indicators, namely, the results of the split on the left leg (45%) and gymnastic exercises in cities (20%) significantly improved.
Conclusions: the obtained results of the study showed the effectiveness of using the proposed methodology of flexibility development of female gymnasts of 8-9 years old (the difference between the average group results shown by female gymnasts in most of the test tasks is statistically significant).
Alter Maykl Dzh.(2001), Nauka o gibkosti [The Science of Flexibility]. Kiev, 420 p. (in Russ.).
Gaverdovskiy, Yu. K. (2014), Teoriya i metodika sportivnoy gimnastiki [Theory and methodology of artistic gymnastics]. Tom 1. Moskva: Sovetskiy sport, 368 p. (in Russ.).
Deineko, A. Kh., Bilenka, I. H. (2019), "Improving the development of flexibility of athletes 8-9 years in gymnastics", Naukovyi chasopys Natsionalnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni M.P. Drahomanova. Seriia No. 15: Naukovo-pedahohichni problemy fizychnoi kultury (fizychna kultura i sport), Vyp. 8 (116), pp. 14- 18. (in Ukr.).
Deineko, A. Kh. (2017), "Improvement of competitive exercises on the rings of gymnasts 10-12 years by means of special physical training", Slobozhanskyi naukovo-sportyvnyi visnyk, No. 4(60), pp. 32-35. (in Ukr.).
Deineko, A. Kh. (2017), "The effectiveness of the use of the game method for the development of speed and strength abilities of trampolines at the stage of initial training", Slobozhanskyi naukovo-sportyvnyi visnyk, No. 3(59), pp.22-25. (in Ukr.).
Ismailova, A. S. (2013), Sredstva i osobennosti metodiki razvitiya gibkosti sportsmenok na etape nachalnoy spetsializirovannoy bazovoy podgotovki v hudozhestvennoy gimnastike [Means and features of the methodology for developing the flexibility of athletes at the stage of initial specialized basic training in rhythmic gymnastics]: avtoref. dis. na poluchenie nauch. stepeni kand. ped. nauk: spets. 13.00.04, Moskva, 26 p. (in Russ.).
Kostiukevych, V. M. (2007), Teoriia i metodyka trenuvannia sportsmeniv vysokoi kvalifikatsii [Theory and methods of training highly qualified athletes]. Vinnytsia: Planer, 273 p. (in Ukr.).
Lenyshyn, V. A. (2016), Udoskonalennia spetsialnoi pidhotovky u hrupovykh vpravakh khudozhnoi himnastyky na etapi spetsializovanoi bazovoi pidhotovky [Improving special training in group exercises of rhythmic gymnastics at the stage of specialized basic training]: avtoref. dys. na zdobuttia nauk. stup. kand. nauk z fiz. vykhovannia ta sportu: spets. 24.00.01, Lviv, 20 p. (in Ukr.).
Manko, L. G. (2015), Razvitie gibkosti u gimnastok 10-12 let na osnove sopryazhennoy fIziko-tehnicheskoy pIdgotovki [The development of flexibility in gymnasts 10-12 years old on the basis of conjugate physical and technical training]: dis. na poluchenie nauch. stepeni kand. ped. nauk: spets. 13.00.04, Sankt-Peterburg, 189 p. (in Russ.).
Platonov, V. N. (2015), Sistema podgotovki sportsmenov v olimpiyskom sporte. Obschaya teoriya i ee prakticheskie prilozheniya [The system of training athletes in Olympic sports. General theory and its practical applications]. Kiev, Kn. 2. 752 p. (in Russ.).
Sutula, V. O., Deineko, A. Kh. (2015), Osnovna himnastyka v shkoli (5–6 klasy) [Basic gymnastics at school (grades 5-6)]. Kharkov, 108 p. (in Ukr.).
Sutula, V. O., Deineko, A. Kh., Riabchenko, O. V. (2019), "Increasing the culture of performing competitive compositions by young gymnasts through the use of non-traditional means of training", Slobozhanskyi naukovo-sportyvnyi visnyk, No. 2(70), pp .44-49. (in Ukr.).
Khudolii, O. M. (2008), Osnovy metodyky vykladannia himnastyky [Fundamentals of methods of teaching gymnastics]. Kharkiv : OVS, T. 1. 408 p. (in Ukr.).
Carbinatto, M. V., Reis Furtado, L. N. (2019), "Сhoreographic process in gymnastics for all", Science of Gymnastics Journal, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp.343-354. (in Eng.).
Ferri-Caruana, A., Roig-Ballester, N., Romagnoli, M. (2020), "Effect of dynamic range of motion and static stretching techniques on flexibility, strength and jump performance in female gymnasts", Science of Gymnastics Journal, Volume 12., Issue 1, pp.87-100. (in Eng.).
Heinen, T., Vinken, P. in Ölsberg, P. (2010), "Manual guidance in gymnastics: a case study", Science of Gymnastics Journal, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp. 43-56. (in Eng.).
Heinen, T., Vinken, P., Velentzas, K. (2010), "Does laterality predict twist direction in gymnastics?", Science of Gymnastics Journal, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp. 5-14. (in Eng.).
Marinšek, M., Pavletič, M. S. (2020), "Association between muscles’ contractile properties and jumping performance in gymnasts", Science of Gymnastics Journal, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp.75-86. (in Eng.).
Santos, A. B., Lemos, M. E., Lebre, E., Carvalho, L. A. (2015), "Active and passive lower limb flexibility in high level rhythmic gymnastics", Science of Gymnastics Journal, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp. 55-66. (in Eng.).
Copyright (c) 2020 Slobozhanskyi herald of science and sport
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Our publications use CREATIVE COMMONS open access copyrighted magazines.
Authors published in this journal agree to the following conditions:
1 Authors reserve the copyright of the work and transfer to the journal the right to first publish this work, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license, which allows others to freely distribute the published work with reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of this journal.
2 Authors have the right to conclude separate agreements for additional non-exclusive distribution of the work in the video material in which it was published in the journal (for example, in the workplace, in electronic storage or published as part of a monograph), provided that the link is before the first publication of this magazine