Purpose: apply choreographic training in the training process of novice athletes and determine its influence on the performance of basic rhythmic gymnastics exercises.

Material and methods: the pedagogical experiment was carried out on the basis of the Complex Children’s Sports School No. 1, Kyivskyi District (Kharkov) among novice athletes 5-6 years old. The study involved 24 gymnasts: the control group (n=12) conducted the training process according to the school program, experimental (n=12) with the additional use of choreographic training. To evaluate the artistic and technical components, 2 choreographers with judicial experience and 4 trainers of the national category were involved. Because the level of preparedness of young athletes was at the initial stage, a 5-point assessment scale was applied. The first assessment of the basic exercises in rhythmic gymnastics among young athletes was carried out in the study groups at the beginning of the school year, the second - at the end of the half-year.

Results: in the process of using choreographic exercises for mastering programs in rhythmic gymnastics for novice athletes 5-6 years old from the experimental group, reliably better assessment results were obtained in relation to the control group in performing the following components: "expressiveness of body movement" (t=4,97; p<0,001), "balance" (t=4,48; p<0,001), "character" (t=3,71; p<0,01), "rhythm" (t=4,18; p<0,01), "jumping" (t=3,22; p<0,01) and "turns" (t=3,77; p<0,01).

Conclusions: as a result of the research, it was found that the additional use of choreography in the training process of novice athletes of 5-6 years old effectively affects the performance of basic exercises in rhythmic gymnastics, which indicates the successful development of programs in this sport. It is during these classes that posture is formed, the musculoskeletal system is strengthened and the culture of movements of the gymnasts is formed.

Keywords: rhythmic gymnastics, choreography, novice athletes, artistic preparedness.


Bekina, S. I., Lomova, T. P., Sokovnina, E. N. (1983), Muzyka i dvizhenie (uprazhneniia, igry, i pliaski dlia detei 5-6 let) [Music and movement (exercises, games and dances for children 5-6 years old)]. Moskva: Prosveschenie, 208 p. (in Russ.).

Kyzim, P., Bateeva, N., (2021), “Improving the technical training of rhythmic gymnastics athletes by means of folk-stage dance”, Slobozhanskii naukovo-sportyvnyi visnyk, No. 1(81), pp. 36-41, doi:10.15391/snsv.2021-1.005 (in Ukr.).

Lisitskaia, T. S. (1984), Horeografiia v gimnastike [Choreography in gymnastics]. Moskva: FIS, 175 p. (in Russ.).

Martynenko, O. V. (2008), Metodyka horeografichnoyi roboty z dit`my starshogo doshkil`nogo viku [Methodology for choreographic work with older preschool children]. Donetsk: TOV “Ugo-Vostok, LTD”, 156 p. (in Ukr.).

Mullagil`dina, A. Y. (2016), “Improvement of artistry among qualified athletes in rhythmic gymnastics”, Slobozhanskii naukovo-sportyvnyi visnyk, No. 4(54), pp. 79-83, doi:10.15391/ snsv. 4.014 (in Ukr.).

Tarakanova, A. P. (1996), “The system of choreographic education in schools and out-of-school educational institutions: Study guide”. Kyyiv: Ministerstvo osvity Ukrayiny, 68 p. (in Ukr.).

Rhythmic gymnastics (1999), Curriculum for children and youth sports schools, specialized schools of the Olympic reserve, schools of higher sports skills. Kyyiv, 115 p. (in Ukr.).

Rhythmic Gymnastics Competition Rules 2017-2020 (2017), Rhythmic Gymnastics Technical Committee, Federation International Gymnastics, 82 p. (in Russ.).

Riabchenko, O. V. (2015), “The formation of bases of culture of movement at children of 3–6 years old by means of rhythmic gymnastics”, Slobozhanskii naukovo-sportyvnyi visnyk, No. 3 (47), pp. 80-81, (in Eng).

Morgan, W. J. (2003), The Philosophy of Sport: A. Historical and Conoqtual Overview and Eric Dunning: handbook of Sports Studies, London: Sage, рр. 205–212 (in Eng).

Svobodová, L., Skotáková, A., Hedbávný, P., Vaculíková, P. & Sebera, M. (2016), "Use of the dance pad for the development of rhythmic abilities", Science of Gymnastics Journal, Vol. 8 Issue 3, рр. 283-293 (in Eng).

Poliszczuk, R. (2003), Podstawy przygotowania choreograficznego w sporcie. Warszawa: Centralny Osrodek sportu, pp. 32-38. (in Pol).

Kuzminska O. (1991), Podreczhik gimnasyki artystystycznej. Warszawa: Sport I Turystyka, 384 p. (in Pol).