Gender features of functional condition of backbone of teenagers with scoliotic posture

Sergiy Afanasiev

Abstract


Purpose: to study mobility of backbone, endurance of muscles of a trunk and to define gender features of functional condition of backbone at children of the middle school age with scoliotic posture depending on the direction of the top of arch of curvature of spine.

Material & Methods: 40 girls and 40 boys, including 18 girls and 18 boys with the right-side deformation of backbone in the thoracic department, the left-side – 22 girls and 22 boys are examined. Results: features of changes of indicators, depending on sex of children and frontage of the top of arch of curvature of spine column, are revealed when studying the level of flexibility of backbone and endurance of muscles of a trunk at children of the middle school age with scoliotic posture.

Conclusions: it is established that the level of decrease in flexibility of backbone is higher at boys, than at girls, whereas indicators of contractile ability and tone of muscles of "muscular corset" are higher at boys.


Keywords


teenagers; scoliotic posture; functional condition of backbone; gender distinctions

Full Text:

PDF

References


Galiakhmetova, G. M. (2006), Fiziologicheskie izgiby pozvonochnika i funktsionalnoe sostoyanie organizma podrostkov 12–15 let: avtoref. dis. na soiskanie uchenoy stepeni kand. biol. nauk: spets. 14.00.16. [The physiological curves of the spine and the functional state of the organism of adolescents 12–15 years: PhD thesis abstract], Kazan, 24 p. (in Russ.)

Zinyakov, N. N., Boldyrev, S. Yu., Zinyakov, N. T. & Bartashevich, V. V. (2009), “On the question of the prevalence of postural disorders in schoolchildren”, Kubanskiy nauchnyy meditsinskiy vestnik, No 8, pp. 91-93. (in Russ.)

Ivanova, Ye. M. (2011), Antropologicheskie aspekty izucheniya osanki tela u detey i vzroslykh: avtoref. kand. biol. nauk: spets.03.03.02 [Anthropological aspects of studying body posture in children and adults: PhD thesis abstract], Moskva, 24 p. (in Russ.)

Kashuba, V. A. (2003), Biomekhanika osanki [Biomechanics of Posture], Olimpiyskaya literatura, Kyiv, 280 p. (in Russ.)

Kirichuk, S. V., Khramtsov, P. I. & Kuchma, V. R. (2006), “Prevalence and risk factors of spinal deformities and disorders of posture in children and adolescents”, Voprosy sovremennoy pediatrii, No 5, pp. 265-266. (in Russ.)

Kosheleva, L. P. (2014), “Correct posture – the key to human health”, Mezhdunarodnyy zhurnal prikladnykh i fundamentalnykh issledovaniy, No 12-2, pp. 325-217. (in Russ.)

Levin, A. V. (2013), “Modern aspects of the prevention and correction of posture disorders in high school students”, Yaroslavskiy pedagogicheskiy vestnik, No 4, Tom III, pp. 185-189. (in Russ.)

Mirskaya, N. B., Kolomenskaya, A. N. & Sinyakina, A. D. (2015), “Medicine-social significance of disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system of children and adolescents”, Gigiena i sanitariya, No 94(1), pp. 97-104. (in Russ.)

Skinder, L. A., Gerasevich, A. N., Polyakova, T. D. & Pankova, M. D. (2012), Fizicheskaya reabilitatsiya detey s narusheniyami osanki i skoliozom [Physical rehabilitation of children with disorders of posture and scoliosis], BrGU, Brest, 210 p. (in Russ.)

Kratěnová, J., Žejglicová, K., Malý, M. & Filipová, V. (2007), Prevalence and Risk Factors of Poor Posture in School Children in the Czech Republic, Journal of School Health, Vol. 77, No 3, pp. 131-137.

Lazary, A., Szövérfi, Z., Szita, J., Somhegyi, A., Kümin, M. & Varga, P. P. (2014), Primary prevention of discdegeneration-relatedsymptoms, Eur. Spine J, Vol. 23, Suppl. 3, pp. 385-393.

Noll, M., Candotti, C. T. & Vieira, A. (2012), Escola de educação postural : revisãosistemática dos programasdesenvolvidos para escolares no Brasil, Movimento, Vol. 18(4), pp. 265291.

Noll, M., Candotti, C. T., Rosa, B. N. & Loss, J. F. (2016), Back pain prevalence and associated factors in children and adolescents: an epidemiological population study, Rev. SaudePublica, Vol. 50, No 31, pp. 1-10.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Afanasiev Sergiy

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.