Main theoretical, pathophysiological and practical aspects of neuroplasticity.

Authors

  • А. V. Pogorelov
  • Yu. V. Bukreyeva
  • О. А. Gavva
  • V. І. Pashkovsky
  • О. М. Tolubayev
  • Е. К. Dukhovenko

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26641/2307-0404.2017.1.100856

Keywords:

neuroplasticity, neurogenesis, neuroretina, synapse, adaptation, sprouting, synapse transmission, functions recovery

Abstract

Results of the state-of-the-art review of the "neuroplasticity" term development and new data about the sanogenetic, pathophysiological, neurophysiological, bio - and neurochemical bases of the nervous system recovery processes are given in this article. Key mechanisms of adaptive, desadaptive, responsive and cross modal forms of neuroplasticity within primary and secondary neuroplasticity are distinguished. The specific character of neurogenesis and functional reorganization of neuronets in specific regulatory structures of the brain in the norm and pathogenesis are outlined. Controversies about functional and morphological aspects of neuroplastic processes are presented. Application-oriented methods of neuroplasticity study are considered and systemically classified. Clinical diagnostics with the specified neu­rovisualization, neurochemical, neurophysiological criteria and coefficients is considered also. Specific methods of neurorehabilitation and perspective urgent directions of neuro- sanogenesis are designated using physical, reflex, neuropsychological, behavioural brain stimulation methods and pharmacological therapy.

Author Biographies

А. V. Pogorelov

SE «Dnipropetrovsk medical academy of Health Ministry of Ukraine»
Department of neurology and ophthalmology
Dzerzhinsky str., 9, Dnipro, 49044, Ukraine

Yu. V. Bukreyeva

SE «Dnipropetrovsk medical academy of Health Ministry of Ukraine»
Department of neurology and ophthalmology
Dzerzhinsky str., 9, Dnipro, 49044, Ukraine

О. А. Gavva

«Dnipropetrovsk Regional Clinical Hospital named after I.I. Mechnikov»*
Soborna square, 14, Dnipro, 49005, Ukraine

V. І. Pashkovsky

«Dnipropetrovsk Regional Clinical Hospital named after I.I. Mechnikov»*
Soborna square, 14, Dnipro, 49005, Ukraine

О. М. Tolubayev

«Dnipropetrovsk Regional Clinical Hospital named after I.I. Mechnikov»*
Soborna square, 14, Dnipro, 49005, Ukraine

Е. К. Dukhovenko

«Dnipropetrovsk Regional Clinical Hospital named after I.I. Mechnikov»*
Soborna square, 14, Dnipro, 49005, Ukraine

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Published

2017-04-04

How to Cite

1.
Pogorelov АV, Bukreyeva YV, Gavva ОА, Pashkovsky VІ, Tolubayev ОМ, Dukhovenko ЕК. Main theoretical, pathophysiological and practical aspects of neuroplasticity. Med. perspekt. [Internet]. 2017Apr.4 [cited 2024Jun.24];22(1):4-9. Available from: https://journals.uran.ua/index.php/2307-0404/article/view/100856

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Section

THEORETICAL MEDICINE