Heart rate variability in patients with hypertension combined with osteoarthrosis under the impact of antihypertensive therapy.
Keywords:heart rate variability, hypertension, osteoarthrosis
Objective: to investigate the heart rate variability in patients with HT and OA under the influence of antihypertensive therapy. Materials and Methods: The study involved 60 persons, main group – 25 patients with HT stage II, 2nd degree, combined with knee OA of the II stage according to the Kellgren-Lawrence. The group of comparison consisted of 20 patients with HT stage II, 2nd degree. The control group consisted of 15 almost healthy individuals. During the study patients received antihypertensive therapy: Amlodipine 5 mg and Lisinopril 5 mg 1 time per day per os. The survey was carried out before and after the treatment. Results: in hypertensive patients with OA the influence of the sympathetic system and LF / HF index were reduced (before treatment – 5,64 [4,87–7,56], after treatment – 3,95 [3,74–4,54]; p<0,05); this indicates to decrease of influence of the sympathetic system on the organism. Conclusions: The presence of OA in patients with HT provides additional negative effect on the heart rate variability, which may testify to increasing mortality risk in these patients. Antihypertensive therapy with Lisinopril, 5 mg and Amlodipine, 5 mg in patients with HT and OA leads to improvement of hypertension course due to influence on sympathic system.
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