Assessment of ecotoxicological hazard and risk of contamination of groundwater with different groups of pesticides.

Authors

  • P. V. Stavnichenko
  • L. O. Novohatska
  • A. M. Antonenko
  • O. P. Vavrinevych

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26641/2307-0404.2017.2.109845

Keywords:

pesticides, ecotoxicological risk, groundwater, herbicides, insecticides, fungicides

Abstract

The aim of our work was to determine ecotoxicological risk of herbicides, insecticides, fungicides of different chemical classes with different mechanisms of action by the method of Melnikov M.M. and leaching potential index by the method of Sergeev S.G. and co-workers. It was established that in soil and climatic conditions of Ukraine ecotoxicological hazard of studied herbicides by (1-6) orders of magnitude, fungicides – by (3-5) orders, insecticides – by (2-3) orders lower than DDT. The least ecotoxic are herbicides of the last generations, then fungicides and the most ecotoxic are insecticides and herbicides of the old first generations. It was proved the high danger of groundwater contamination with studied herbicides, insecticides and fungicides, except for mesotrione, the application of which has moderate danger in the soil and climatic conditions of Ukraine. It was shown that in soil and climatic conditions of Ukraine, ability of migration from the soil into groundwater of metribuzin, thiamethoxam, paclobutrazole is high, topramezone and mesotrione – moderate, for other substances – low; in terms of hygienic standards in the ground itallows to avoid them getting into the soil flow and minimize the danger of groundwater contamination to public health

Author Biographies

P. V. Stavnichenko

Institute of Hygiene and ecology (HEI) of O.O. Bogomolets National medical university
Hygiene and ecology department
Peremogy av., 34, Kyiv, 03057, Ukraine

L. O. Novohatska

Institute of Hygiene and ecology (HEI) of O.O. Bogomolets National medical university
Hygiene and ecology department
Peremogy av., 34, Kyiv, 03057, Ukraine

A. M. Antonenko

Institute of Hygiene and ecology (HEI) of O.O. Bogomolets National medical university
Hygiene and ecology department
Peremogy av., 34, Kyiv, 03057, Ukraine

O. P. Vavrinevych

Institute of Hygiene and ecology (HEI) of O.O. Bogomolets National medical university
Hygiene and ecology department
Peremogy av., 34, Kyiv, 03057, Ukraine

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Published

2017-06-29

How to Cite

1.
Stavnichenko PV, Novohatska LO, Antonenko AM, Vavrinevych OP. Assessment of ecotoxicological hazard and risk of contamination of groundwater with different groups of pesticides. Med. perspekt. [Internet]. 2017Jun.29 [cited 2024Jul.19];22(2):119-25. Available from: https://journals.uran.ua/index.php/2307-0404/article/view/109845

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Section

PREVENTIVE MEDICINE