Nanoparticles in the air of the working zone as a risk factor for the health of workers of various industries




nanoparticles, fine fractions, air of working zone, occupational risk


Purpose: analysis of scientific literature, summarizing data on domestic and foreign experience of assessing the determination of nanoparticles in the air of the working zone as a risk factor for the health of workers of various industries. The article analyzes the literature data on the study of the content of fine dust and nanoparticles in the atmospheric air and air of the working zone of different industries. Numerous studies indicate that fine dust is contained in the emissions of many industrial enterprises. According to the World Health Organization by level of impact on human health, suspended particles in the air and especially in the air of the working zone belong to the priority pollutants. Evaluation of the dust content in the air of large industrial cities is particularly relevant, because of a large number of sources of dust emissions of various origins in urban areas. Various technological processes contribute to the formation of fine dust and nanoparticles which pollute the ambient air and the air of the working zone. Data on the negative impact of fine dust and nanoparticles on health of workers are presented. Attention is paid to the problem of hygienic assessment of nanoscale dust content in the working zone air. The obtained results indicate that today the issues of studying the physicochemical properties of nanoparticles, their toxicity to the body, analysis of potential risks to humans, the development of an effective and reliable system for monitoring ultrafine particles in the environment and the production environment are still relevant as for informing employees about the risks involved, reducing and preventing harmful effects on humans. The potential negative effects on workers’ health determine the need and opportunity for further research in this area.

Author Biographies

A. I. Sevalnev

Zaporizhzhya State Medical University
Department of General Hygiene and Ecology
Mayakovsky ave., 26, Zaporizhzhia, 69035, Ukraine

L. P. Sharavara

Zaporizhzhya State Medical University
Department of General Hygiene and Ecology
Mayakovsky ave., 26, Zaporizhzhia, 69035, Ukraine

A. V. Kutsak

Zaporizhzhya State Medical University
Department of General Hygiene and Ecology
Mayakovsky ave., 26, Zaporizhzhia, 69035, Ukraine

O. O. Nefodov

SE «Dnipropetrovsk medical academy of Health Ministry of Ukraine»
V. Vernadsky str., 9, Dnipro, 49044, Ukraine

O. A. Zemliynyi

SE «Dnipropetrovsk medical academy of Health Ministry of Ukraine» 
V. Vernadsky str., 9, Dnipro, 49044, Ukraine

K. I. Pisarevskyi

SE «Dnipropetrovsk medical academy of Health Ministry of Ukraine» 
V. Vernadsky str., 9, Dnipro, 49044, Ukraine

O. S. Shevchenko

SE «Dnipropetrovsk medical academy of Health Ministry of Ukraine» 
V. Vernadsky str., 9, Dnipro, 49044, Ukraine


Aidinov HT, Marchenko BI. [Multivariate analy­sis of the structure and share contribution of potential risk factors for malignant neoplasms of the trachea, bronchi and lung]. Analiz riska zdorovia. 2017;1:45-55. Russian. doi:

Gasainieva AG, Gasainieva MG. [On atmospheric pollution with fine dust and its effect on human health]. Engineering Bulletin of the Don. 2017;4. Russian. Avai­lable from:

Kopytenkova OI, Tursunov ZSh, Levanchuk AV, Mironenko OV, et al. [Hygienic assessment of working conditions in certain professions of construction organiza­tions]. Hygiene and sanitation. 2018;97(12):1203-9. Russian. doi:

Merinov AV, Shaiakhmetov SF, Lisetskaia LG, Meshchakova NM. [Hygienic characteristics of gas-aerosol suspensions in modern aluminum production]. Siberian Medical Review. 2019;3:78-83. Russian. doi:

Kundijev JuI, Varyvonchyk DV, Kopach KD, et al. [Hygienic working conditions of dental workers in the application of modern medical technologies]. Ukrainian Journal of Occupational Medicine. 2017;4(53):3-11. Uk­rainian. doi:

Demetska OV, Andrusishina IM, Kopach KD. [Esti­mation of nanoparticles emission into the air of the working area using modern dental materials]. Medical forum: scientific periodical. 2016;8:64-67. Ukrainian. Available from:

Shatorna VF, Chekman IS, Harets VI, Nefodo­va OO, et al. [Experimental study of the influence of nanometals on embryogenesis and cardiac development]. 2017;1(92):59-63. Ukrainian. Available from:

Zhilinskii EV. [Nanotechnology in healthcare: risk assessment and security strategy]. Power. 2017;25(3):79-86. Russian.

Zaitseva NV, Ulanova TS, Zlobina AV. [Studies of nanosized particles in industrial aerosols and sus­pended solids in the air of the working area]. Toxi­cological Bulletin. 2017;1(142):20-26. Russian. doi:

Zemlianova MA, Ignatova AM, Stepankov MS. [Identification of ultrafine particles of aluminum oxide for assessing the professional risk of welders]. Materials of the 16th International Scientific and Practical Conference on Ecology and security. 2018;193-5. Russian. Available from:

Leonenko NS, Demetskaia AV, Leonenko OB. [Dynamics of the concentration of nanosized particles in the air of a working zone under industrial conditions]. 2019;1:53-61. Ukrainian. doi:

Lutsenko LA, Gvozdeva LL, Tatianiuk TK. [In­formation content of differentiated accounting of the size of solid particles in the air to protect the health of workers in dust occupations and the public (literature review)]. Hygiene and sanitation. 2018;97:514-9. Russian. doi:

Maremukha TP, Petrosian AA. [Air pollution by fine dust fractions (PM10 and PM2.5) in the area of ope­ration of a coal-fired power plant]. Zdorove i okru­zhaiushchaia sreda. 2016;26:39-42. Russian. Available from:

Azarov VN, Horshkov EV, Marinin NA, Azarov AV. [Fine dust as a factor in air pollution]. Sociology of the city. 2018;2:5-14. Russian. Available from:

Melnyk NA, Movchan VO. [Investigation of the emission of nanoparticles into the air on an experimental model of the technological process of recovery of lead]. Collection of scientific papers «Actual problems of preventive medicine». Edition 12. 2015;153-8. Russian. Available from:­Zbirka_2015_3c.pdf#page=153

Yavorovskyi OP, Tkachishin VS, Arusta­mian OM, et al. [Nanoparticles and nanomaterials: struc­ture, physicochemical and toxicological properties, influence on the organism of workers]. Environ­ment&Health. 2016;3:29-35. Ukrainian. Available from:

Nasimi MKh, Soloveva TV. [About pollution of fine air PM10 with fine dust by the city of Kabul]. Don Engineering Journal. 2017;2(45). Available from:

Azarov VN, Barikaeva NS, Nikolenko DA, Solo­veva TV. [On the study of air pollution with fine dust using a random function apparatus]. Engineering Herald of Don. 2015;4. Russian. Available from: Russian.

Ulanova TS, Antipeva MV, Zabirova MI, Volko­va MV. [Determination of nanoscale particles in the air of a working zone of metallurgical production]. Health risk analysis. 2015;1:77-80. Russian. doi:

Vlasova EM, Ustinova OYu, Nosov AE, et al. [Fea­tures of respiratory diseases in smelters of titanium alloys under the combined effects of fine dust and chlorine com­pounds]. Hygiene and sanitation. 2019;98(2):153-8. Russian. doi:

Prosviryakova IA, Shevchuk LM. [Hygienic as­sessment of РМ10 i РМ2,5 particulate contain in the air and the risk to the health of residents in the zone of influence of emissions of stationary sources of industrial enterprises]. Health risk analysis. 2018;2:14-22. Russian. doi:

Radchenko DN, Hadzhieva LAS, Gavrilen­ko V.V. [Monitoring the content of ultrafine aerosols in the air of the mining region]. Bulletin of the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia. Series: Ecology and Life Safety. 2017;25(4):520-8. Russian. Available from:

Sevalnev AI, Sharavara LP. [Harmful working conditions as a risk factor for development of morbidity due to workers in auxiliary professions]. Zaporozhye medical journal. 2019;2(113):246-52. Ukrainian. doi:

Solokha NV. [Physiological and hygienic cha­racteristics of operators upon receipt of nanosized sili­cides and metal nitrides and the state of their digestive system]. Ukrainian Journal of Occupational Medicine. 2015;2(43):18-25. Ukrainian. doi:

Ulanova TS, Gileva OV, Volkova MV. [Deter­mination of micro- and nanoscale particles in the air of a working zone at mining enterprises]. Health risk analysis. 2015;4:44-48. Russian. doi:

Yavorovskii AP, Solokha NV, Demetskaia AV, Andrusishina IN. [Physiological and hygienic assessment of the working conditions of the operator in the synthesis of nanocrystalline chromium disilicide powder by high-energy mechanical activation]. Health problems and ecology. 2017;2(52):86-95. Belorussian. Available from:­kaya-otsenka-usloviy-truda-operatora-pri-sinteze-nanokri­stallicheskogo-poroshka-disilitsida-hroma-metodom

Binoy K Saikia, Jyotilima Saikia, Shahadev Rabha. Ambient nanoparticles/nanominerals and hazardous elements from coal combustion activity: Implica­tions on energy challenges and health ha­zards. Geoscience Frontiers. 2018;9:863-75. doi:

Dayana M Agudelo-Castanedaa, Elba C Tei­xeirab. Cluster analysis of urban ultrafine particles size distributions. Atmospheric Pollution Research. 2018;29:1-7.

Ramirez-Lee MA, Aguirre-Banuelos P, Martinez-Cuevas PP, Gonzalez C, et al. Evaluation of cardio­vascular responses to silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Nanomedicine: Nano­technology, Biology and Medicine. 2018;14(2):385-95. doi:

Newby DE, Mannucci PM, Tell GS. Expert posi­tion paper on air pollution and cardiovascular disease. Eur Heart J. 2015;36:83-93. doi:

Juan C Rojasa, Nazly E Sanchezb, Ismael Schneiderc, Marcos LS Oliveirac. Exposure to nanometric pollutants in primary schools: Environmental impli­cations. Silvac Urban Climate. 2019;27:412-9. doi:

George D Thurston, Richard T Burnett, Michel­le C Turner. Ischemic Heart Disease Mortality and Long-Term Exposure to Source-Related Components of U.S. Fine Particle Air Pollution. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2016;124(6):785-94. doi:

Peixe TS, de Souza Nascimento E, Schofi eld KL, Arcurid ASA, Bulcаo RP. Nanotoxicology and Exposure in the Occupational Setting. Occupational Diseases and Environmental Medicine. 2015;3:35-48. doi:

Ray JL, Holian A. Sex differences in the inflam­ma­tory immune response to multi walled carbon nano­tubes and crystalline silica. Inhalation Toxicology. 2019;31(7):285-97. doi:

Saliou Mbengue, Laurent Y Alleman, Pascal Fla­ment. Erratum to «Metal-bearing fine particle sources in a coastal industrialized environment». Atmospheric Re­search. 2017;183:202-11. doi:

Kurjane N, Zvagule T, Martinsone J et al. The effect of different workplace nanoparticles on the immune systems of employees. Journal of Nanoparticle Research. 2017;19(9):320.

Zhou F, Liao F, Liu Y, et al. The size-dependent genotoxicity and oxidative stress of silica nanoparticles on endothelial cells. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2019;26(2):1911-20. doi:

Thomson EM. Air pollution, stress, and allostatic load: linking systemic and central nervous system impacts. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. 2019;69(3):597-614. doi:

Teresa Moreno, Pedro Trechera, Xavier Querol, et al. Trace element fractionation between PM10 and PM2.5 in coal mine dust: Implications for occupational respiratory health. International Journal of Coal Geology. 2019;203:52-59. doi:

Lin Huang, Yun-He Bai, Rui-Yue Ma, Ze-Ming Zhuo, Ling Chen. Winter chemical partitioning of metals bound to atmospheric fine particles in Dong­guan, China, and its health risk assessment. Environ­mental Science and Pollution Research. 2019;26:664-75. doi:

Atin Adhikari, Aniruddha Mitra, Abbas Rashidi, Imaobong Ekpo, Jefferson Doehling et al. Wood Dust and Nanoparticle Exposure among Workers during a New Building Construction. International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences. 2018;12(3). Available from:

Yang Gao, Hongbing Ji. Microscopic morpho­logy and seasonal variation of health effect arising from heavy metals in PM2.5 and PM10: One-year measurement in a densely populated area of urban Beijing. Atmospheric Research. 2018;212:213-26.

Zapоr L. Effects of silver nanoparticles of dif­ferent sizes on cytotoxicity and oxygen metabolism disor­ders in both reproductive and respiratory system cells. Archives of Environmental Protection. 2016;42(4):32-47. doi:

Li X, Ji X, Wang R, et al. Zebrafish behavioral phenomics employed for characterizing behavioral neuro­toxicity caused by silica nanoparticles. Chemosphere. 2020;240:124937. doi:




How to Cite

Sevalnev AI, Sharavara LP, Kutsak AV, Nefodov OO, Zemliynyi OA, Pisarevskyi KI, Shevchenko OS. Nanoparticles in the air of the working zone as a risk factor for the health of workers of various industries. Med. perspekt. [Internet]. 2020Oct.5 [cited 2024Jun.18];25(3):169-76. Available from: