Study and analysis of the situation regarding the consumption of dietary supplements by the population of Ukraine

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26641/2307-0404.2020.3.214860

Keywords:

dietary supplements, questionnaire survey, statistical analysis, volumes of DS sales, pharmaceutical facilities, laboratory research, risks, saf

Abstract

This article shows a study of different aspects of dietary supplement (DS) consumption by the population of Ukraine, the probability of using poor-quality DS is determined. As a part of this project, a questionnaire-based survey on the issue of DS consumption was conducted among residents of the following Ukrainian cities: Kyiv, Poltava, Kharkiv and Vyshneve (Kyiv region). The following data were analyzed: statistical data of the Ukrainian population, presence of pharmaceutical facilities in regions of Ukraine, DS sales volumes and laboratory data concerning correspondence of DS with the claimed content of active ingredients. Statistical analysis was carried out with use of the standard software Microsoft Excel 2007 and STATISTICA 8.0 portable  The survey allowed to evaluate health level of respondents who take DS, obtain information concerning purposes or recommendations for DS taking, detect channels of purchase of such products, identify the risks of taking poor-quality DS. According to the survey results, about 72% of respondents are taking DS. The survey results indicate that 39% of respondents that take DS consider themselves healthy, almost half of respondents have insignificant health problems and about 12% of respondents have serious health problems. 79% of respondents purchase DS in pharmacies, which allows to conclude that about 59.7 million packaging of DS were consumed in Ukraine in 2019. It was confirmed that the presence of pharmaceutical facilities is even in all regions of Ukraine and, therefore, residents have access to necessary DS through pharmacies. Taking into account the results of laboratory tests of DS quality, the risks of poor-quality DS consumption in Ukraine in 2019 may be estimated as 9.5%. The research results of test purchases demonstrate that the aforementioned risks may increase significantly.

Author Biographies

О. M. Kuznetsova

State Institution «O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health
of the National Academy of Medical Science of Ukraine»
Popudrenko str., 50, Kyiv, 02094, Ukraine

N. V. Ostanina

State Institution «O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health
of the National Academy of Medical Science of Ukraine»
Popudrenko str., 50, Kyiv, 02094, Ukraine

References

Antomonov MY. [Mathematical processing and analysis of biomedical data. 2rd edition]. Kyiv: Medinform; 2018. p. 579. Ukrainian.

[Pharmacy market of Ukraine following the results of I quarter. 2019: Helicopter View]. [Internet]. Ukrainian.

Brulevich VV. [Security of grubby products for the legislation of Ukraine and the European Union]. Sudova apeliatsiia. 2016;2(43):75-82. Ukrainian.

Gotlib АС. [Introduction to a case study. Qualita­tive and quantitative approaches. Methodology. Research practices. 3rd edition]. Moskva: FLINTA; 2014. p. 382. Russian.

[The Law of Ukraine No 1602-VII “On intro­ducing amendments to the relevant legislative acts of Ukraine on the basis of products”]. Ukrainian. Available from: http://https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/771/97-%D0%B2%D1%80

Timchenko OV. [Overview of legislative changes in the field of quality assurance of dietary supplements in Ukraine]. Pharmacom. 2018;3:19-29. Ukrainian.

­Timchenko OV. [Overview of legislative changes in the field of quality assurance of dietary supplements in Ukraine]. Pharmacom. 2018;4:15-24, Ukrainian.

[Population (estimated) as of September 1, 2019, and the average population in January-August 2019]. [Internet]. Ukrainian. Available from: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2019/ds/kn/kn_u/kn0819_u.html

Baraniak B, Kujawski R, Ozarowski M. [Law regulations concerning food supplements, dietetic food and novel food containing herbal substances]. Herba Pol. 2016;62(4):97-106. Polish. doi: https://doi.org/10.1515/hepo-2016-0025

Brown A. An overview of herb and dietary supplement efficacy, safety and government regulations in the United States with suggested improvements. Part 1 of 5 series. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 2017;107:449-71. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2016.11.001

Directive 2002/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 June 2002 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to food supplements, sappl.). 2002;L183:51-57. Available from: https://www.fsai.ie/uploadedFiles/Consol2002_46.pdf

Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2011 on the provision of food information to consumers, amending Regulations (EC) No 1924/2006 and (EC) No 1925/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council, and repealing Commission Directive 87/250/EEC, Council Directive 90/496/EEC, Commission Directive 1999/10/EC, Directive 2000/13/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, Commission Directives 2002/67/EC and 2008/5/EC and Commission Regulation (EC) No 608/2004.

doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-137-54482-7_44

Published

2020-10-05

How to Cite

1.
Kuznetsova ОM, Ostanina NV. Study and analysis of the situation regarding the consumption of dietary supplements by the population of Ukraine. Med. perspekt. [Internet]. 2020Oct.5 [cited 2024Jun.22];25(3):176-83. Available from: https://journals.uran.ua/index.php/2307-0404/article/view/214860

Issue

Section

PREVENTIVE MEDICINE