Disability status due to occupational diseases: Ukraine, 2015-2018
Keywords:indexes of disability, professional diseases, medical and social exapertise
The economic burden of disability due to occupational diseases is significant: the economic losses "due to health problems related to work" in the developed world exceed 1,25 trillion US dollars and amount to 4 to 6% of GDP. A large number of employees work in Ukraine in unfavorable conditions. The study analyzes the dynamics of disability due to occupational diseases in Ukraine for the period from 2015 to 2018 using the example of Dnipropetrovsk, Lviv and Donetsk regions. The results of the study proved that the indicators of disability due to occupational diseases in these areas have a pronounced upward trend. It has been determined that the number of injured or aggrieved persons who received occupational diseases in the Dnipropetrovsk, Lviv and Donetsk regions is 78.5% of the total number of those in Ukraine with occupational diseases. The proportion of those who were initially recognized as disabled due to occupational diseases increased in 2015-2018, increased in these areas and amounted in absolute numbers: in the Dnipropetrovsk region – 906 people (2018) against 705 people (2016); in the Lviv region – 273 people against 239 people, respectively; in Donetsk region – 193 people against 108 people, respectively. Primary disability rate for 2015-2018 period increased by 28.5% in Dnepropetrovsk to almost 50% in Donetsk region. The proportion of those who were initially recognized as disabled due to work injury in the Dnipropetrovsk region was 159 people (2018) against 123 people (2016); in the Lviv region: 42 people against 11 people, respectively; in the Donetsk region: 28 people against 11 people, respectively. The rate of primary disability due to work injury also increased by 29.2% in the Dnipropetrovsk region and by 53% in the Donetsk region. The number of persons with disabilities recognized for the first time depended on age and length of service in hazardous conditions. Persons with 10-19 years of work experience in 2015-2018 accounted for 89.2%. According to our data, 50.1% of workers aged 40 to 49 years are recognized as persons with disabilities, 40% – from 50 to 59 years of age. It is important that in 2018 in 5% of cases, an occupational disease caused disability among workers at the age of 39. In 2018 (as in 2016 and in 2017) in Ukraine, the main conditions that resulted in occupational diseases were: imperfection of mechanisms and working tools – 23.9%; the imperfection of the technological process - 19.5% and the ineffectiveness of the personal protective equipment – 13.5% of their total number. In the structure of disability due to occupational diseases, diseases of the musculoskeletal system occupied the 1st place; 2nd place – respiratory diseases; 3rd place – injuries and poisoning.
Glinjana LA, Rodionova VV, Gashinova KJu, But NO, Ishhenko NP, Rovenskaja NI, et al. [Analysis of the activities of the city center for the treatment of occupational diseases and some aspects of the experience of cooperation with the fund of social insurance against accidents at work and occupational diseases of Ukraine in Dnipro, Dnipropetrovsk region]. Medichnі perspektivi. 2017;3(1):40-48. Ukrainian.
Borisova ІS, Reshota VJ, Nikolishin ZM. [Analysis of occupational disease disability indicators in the Lviv region: problems and prospects]. Medichnі perspektivi. 2018;1(2):188-94. Ukrainian. doi: https://doi.org/10.26641/2307-0404.2018.1(part1).127201
Lang TA, Sesik M. [How to Describe Statistics in Medicine: A Guide for Authors, Editors, and Reviewers]. Moskva: Prakt. meditsina; 2016. p. 480.
Іpatov AV, Moroz OM, et al. [Basic indicators of disability and activity of medical and social expert commissions of Ukraine for 2018: analytical-informa¬tional guide]. Dnіpro: Akcent PP; 2019. Ukrainian.
[Ministry of Energy and Coal Industry 2013-2019]. [Internet]. [cited 2019 Oct 25]. Kyiv; 2019. Ukrainian. Available from: http://mpe.kmu.gov.ua/
[Draft Law No. 4458 of April 15, 2016 “On Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation System in Ukraine”]. [Internet]. Kyiv: The Government Organization 1994-2019; 2016. [cited 2019 Oct 25]. Available from: http://w1.c1.rada.gov.ua/pls/zweb2/webproc4_1?pf3511=58773
Glinjana LA, Rodionova VV, Gashinova KJu, Chebanov KO, But NO, Bila OI. [The structure of indus¬trially caused diseases among workers in a metallurgical enterprise working in harmful conditions]. Medichnі perspektivi. 2018;3(1):60-64. Russian. doi: https://doi.org/10.26641/2307-0404.2018.3(part1).142335
Liu XC, Luo D, Liu GL, Zhang JY, Zhang HD, Cheng SQ. A trend analysis of the incidence of occupa¬tional diseases in Chongqing, China, from 2006 to 2014. Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. 2017;35(2):134-6.
Bakusic J, Lenderink A, Lambreghts S, et al. Different approaches for early recognitionand preventionof new and emerging work-related diseases. Occup. Environ. Med. 2017;74(Suppl 1):A53.2-A53. doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2017-104636.142
Mueller T. Occupational diseases of uranium and mining mines in the Czech Republic caused by exposure to ionizing radiation in 2002-2016. XXXIX Days of Radiation Protection. Proceedings of Presentations and Posters. [Internet]. 2018. Available from: https://inis.iaea.org/collection/NCLCollectionStore/_Public/49/047/49047049.pdf?r=1
Barry Kistnasamy, Annalee Yassi, Jessica Yu, Samuel J. Spiegel, Andre Fourie, Stephen Barker et all. Tackling injustices of occupational lung disease acquired in South African mines: recent developments and ongoing challenges. Globalization and Health. 2018;14:60. doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0399-9
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Medicni perspektivi (Medical perspectives)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Submitting manuscript to the journal "Medicni perspektivi" the author(s) agree with transferring copyright from the author(s) to publisher (including photos, figures, tables, etc.) editor, reproducing materials of the manuscript in the journal, Internet, translation into other languages, export and import of the issue with the author’s article, spreading without limitation of their period of validity both on the territory of Ukraine and other countries. This and other mutual duties of the author and all co-authors separately and editorial board are secured by written agreement by special form to use the article, the sample of which is presented on the site.
Author signs a written agreement and sends it to Editorial Board simultaneously with submission of the manuscript.