The effectiveness of the use of purified bacterial lysates of the most therapy-resistant strains of microorganisms – the causative agents of pustular skin infections in the treatment of acne vulgaris (acne vulgaris)
Keywords:acne vulgaris, skin microbiome, purified bacterial lysates, Acnevac
The objective of the work was to study the effectiveness of the use of purified bacterial lysates of the most therapy-resistant strains of microorganisms, the causative agents of pustular skin infections, by comparing clinical data and the skin microbiome in patients with acne. The results of the study are based on the data of a comprehensive examination of 35 patients with acne of 2-3 degrees before and after treatment, as well as data of the examination of 15 patients of the control group. Examination methods: clinical examination of the skin, determination of the quantitative composition and microbiological identification of the skin microbiome (bacteria of the genera Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Propionibacterium Corynebacterium, Micrococcus, Sarcina, Aerococcus, Acinetobacter, Brevibacterium, Citrobacter, Serratia, Lactobacillus; yeast-like fungi of the genera Malassesia and Candida, mold fungi ). In the studied patients with acne, the representative microorganisms of the skin microbiome were Propionibacterium acnes, S. epidermidis, and C. lipophilicum. In patients with acne, the stability of the skin microbiome was carried out due to the redistribution between S. epidermidis and C. lipophilicum. In patients receiving "Acnevac"® (Bioveta, a. s.), a component of a complex treatment, along with earlier periods of clinical improvement, there was noted an earlier normalization of the skin microbiome in comparison with patients receiving standard therapy. Approaches to the treatment of acne with antibiotics and chemotherapy require a revision. The state of the skin microbiome broadens knowledge on the pathogenesis of acne and the search for other means for the individual treatment of patients. Positive changes in the skin microbiome under the influence of treatment with purified bacterial lysates of the most therapy-resistant strains of microorganisms, the causative agents of pustular skin infections, make it possible to recommend its use for a longer term – up to 6 months.
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