Analysis of international legislative documents that regulates ambient air quality.

Authors

  • A. A. Petrosian
  • L. M. Сhernenko

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26641/2307-0404.2016.1.64253

Keywords:

ambient air pollution, conventions, directives, health

Abstract

Today Ukraine signed and ratified three major conventions and accepted six EU Directives concerning the ambient air quality that is safe for human health. In these documents risk assessment methodology for public health is considered as the most effective management instrument. To improve the efficiency of transposition of international legislation in ambient air quality regulating, the following primary measures should be taken: to estimate lower and upper limit of air pollution danger assessment for public health and to put the method of assessment in dependence of ambient air quality; to ensure the application of risk assessment for public health at determining risk zones and agglomerations throughout the whole territory of Ukraine; to establish the interconnection between different methods of measurement; to take as a base principle of preparation of local, regional and national plans assessment of improvement of ambient air quality basing on probability approach; to promote the development of information systems evaluating ambient air quality and public health using the list of health indicators.

Author Biographies

A. A. Petrosian

SI «O.M. Marzeiev Institute for Public Health, National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine»
Air Нygiene and Risk Assessment Laboratory
Popudrenka str., 50, Kyiv, 02660, Ukraine

L. M. Сhernenko

Sanitary epidemiological station State Administration of Affairs
Acad. Zabolotnogo str., 15, Kiyv, 03143, Ukraine

References

[National action plan for environmental protec-tion for 2011-2015: resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of May 25, 2011 N 577-p]. Available from: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/577-2011-%D1%80#n9. Ukrainian. 2. [Review of harmonization of Ukrainian laws with the requirements of EU]. Available from: http://www.menr.gov.ua/docs/activity-adaptation/Over-view.pdf. Ukrainian. 3. [On the basic principles (strategy), of the state ecological policy of Ukraine for the period until 2020: law of Ukraine of December 21, 2010 N 2818-VI]. Available from: http://zakon1.rada.gov.ua/cgi-bin/laws/main.cgi?nreg=2818-17. Ukrainian. 4. [Protocol on strategic environmental assessment to the convention on environmental impact assessment in a transboundary context: law of Ukraine of July 1, 2015 N 562-VIII]. Available from: http://zakon5.ra-da.gov.ua/laws/show/995_b99. Ukrainian. 5. Turos OI, Petrosjan AA, Myhina LI. [Air hy¬giene]. Dosvid ta perspektyvy naukovogo suprovodu problem gigijenichnoi' nauky ta praktyky, zb. nauk. pr. 2011;133-149. Ukrainian. 6. Turos OI, Chernenko LM, Petrosjan AA. [Method of developing technological standards for permissible emissions of carbon oxides from sintering machines of mining and metallurgical complex of Ukraine]. Gigijena naselenyh misc', zb. nauk. statej. 2015;66:36-44. Ukrainian. 7. Turos OI. [Directions of harmonization of sa-nitary and epidemiological service activity with EU requirements in the field of air hygiene]. Aktual'ni pytannja gigijeny ta ekologichnoi' bezpeky Ukrai'ny (drugi marzejevs'ki chytannja). 2006;212-213. Ukrainian. 8. Ambient (outdoor) air quality and health: fact sheet [Internet]. 2014;313. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs313/en/ 9. Environment and Human Health: Joint EEA-JRS report. Copenhagen: EEA. 2013;112. 10. Report of the European Environment and Health Ministerial Board to the WHO Regional Committee for Europe and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Committee on Environmental Policy. Co-penhagen: 2013;7. 11. Caldwell JC, Serdyuk A, Turos O, Petrosian A, et al. [Risk Assessment Capacity Building Program in Zaporizhzhia Ukraine: Emissions Inventory Construction, Ambient Modeling, and Hazard Results]. Journal of Environmental Protection. 2013;4:1476-87.

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Published

2016-03-09

How to Cite

1.
Petrosian AA, Сhernenko LM. Analysis of international legislative documents that regulates ambient air quality. Med. perspekt. [Internet]. 2016Mar.9 [cited 2024May29];21(1):130-3. Available from: https://journals.uran.ua/index.php/2307-0404/article/view/64253

Issue

Section

PREVENTIVE MEDICINE