DEVELOPMENT OF FLEXIBILITY IN THE HIP JOINTS IN CHILDREN 5-8 YEARS OF THE INITIAL GROUP OF SPECIAL PHYSICAL TRAINING IN RHYTHMIC GYMNASTICS
Purpose: to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed training technique for the development of flexibility in the hip joints in children 5-8 years, engaged in the initial group of special physical training in rhythmic gymnastics.
Material and methods: 16 gymnasts of the initial group of special physical training in rhythmic gymnastics at the age of 5-8 years, MG - 8 gymnasts who were engaged in the author's training method and СG - 8 gymnasts who were engaged in the standard training method took part in the research. Training in both groups was conducted three times a week for 1,5 hours. Assessment of the results of passive and active flexibility in the hip joints was used in both groups at the beginning of the examination and on day 22 of training, using tests "Performing twine from a gymnastic bench" and "Lifting the leg up lying on your back" by L.A. Karpenko, І.А. Wiener, V.A. Savitsky (2007).
Results: for the development of flexibility in the hip joints in children of the main group engaged in the initial group of special physical training in rhythmic gymnastics, the author's training technique was used, which includes exercises to develop passive and active flexibility, motivational part of the technique that promotes positive emotions. increasing attention and interest in the result of training.
Conclusions: indicators of development of passive and active flexibility in the main group were significantly higher (p<0,05), compared with the control group, which indicates a positive effect of the use of the author's training methods. It helps to improve the indicators of active and passive flexibility in the hip joints by including combined exercises that develop all the components of mobility in the hip joints, dynamic exercises and strength exercises in combination with forced stretching.
Keywords: active and passive flexibility, children, hip joint, rhythmic gymnastics.
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