CLASSIFICATION OF ACROBATIC MOVEMENTS OF GROUP P - "PLATFORMS" AND THEIR VARIETIES IN ARTISTIC SWIMMING
Purpose: to classify and determine the methodology for constructing the technical value of acrobatic movements of "group P".
Material and methods: theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature data, analysis of competition results, polls, methods of mathematical statistics. The competitive programs of the World and European Championships (2009-2021) and the Olympic Games (2008-2021) are analyzed.
Results: analyzing the performances of leading athletes at the Olympic Games, World and European Championships, from 2004 to 2021, we developed a diagram where we can determine what platforms are performed least of all in comparison with other groups. The next step we have combined the existing types of acrobatic movements of "group P" into a single table, forming the criterion for assessing the "area of support" or "value of the type of connection" (grip). In total, the value of 30 types of connections was calculated in the group P - "platforms". Taking into account all the data obtained, a matrix was built, an algorithm for calculating the technical value of the "group P". Based on the developed methodology for calculating the technical value of acrobatic movements, a unified table (scale) of the technical value of acrobatic movements of "group P" was developed - a platform where acrobatic movements were distributed in order from the easiest to the most difficult according to the calculated technical value.
Conclusions: the data of our research made it possible to create the author's system of classification of acrobatic movements, sort it out in detail and develop a methodology for determining and calculating the technical value of 81 acrobatic movements of "group P". The obtained data became the basis for the development of a unified table of the technical value of acrobatic movements of "group P" in artistic swimming. Preliminary approbation of this system and their discussion at international seminars of specialists, coaches and judges of various qualifications in artistic swimming made it possible to make a number of clarifications, additions and improve the development of a classification system for acrobatic movements of "group P" and an assessment of their complexity.
Keywords: artistic swimming, classification, competitive compositions, acrobatic movements, platforms.
Isayeva, L. N., Nikitina, S. M., Shakina, Ye. Ye., (2018), «Analysis of refereeing in artistic sports based on synchronized swimming», Mezhdunarodnyy nauchnyy zhurnal “Young Scientist”, № 15 (201), April 2018 Physical Culture and Sports, pp. 265 – 269. (in Russ.).
Petrenko, A. S. (2019), « Classification of acrobatic elements in artistic swimming», Molodʹ ta olimpiysʹkyy rukh: tezy dopovidey XII Mizhnarodnoyi konferentsiyi molodykh vchenykh, 17 travnya 2019 r. Kyyiv. (in Ukr.).
Shkrebtiy, Yu., Rudkovsʹka, T., Kozhukh, N. (2015), «Estimation of technical complexity of arbitrary compositions in synchronous swimming», Teoriya i metodyka fizychnoho vykhovannya i sportu, № 3, pp. 30-34. (in Ukr.)
Adachi Yumi (2015), “Tactics of Top 3 Countries in Synchronized Swimming”, Master's thesis. Waseda University Graduate School of Sport Sciences, 5015A303-0. 64 p. (in Eng.)
Anastasiya Petrenko, Oleg Kamaiev (2019), «Features of the classification of acrobatic movements of group B – "balancing" and their varieties in artistic swimming», Slobozhanskyi herald of science and sport, Vol. 7 No. 5(73), pp. 57-60. (in Eng.)
Petrenko Anastasiia, Kamayev Oleg. (2021), «Classification and Assessing Methods of the Complexity of “Group A” Acrobatic movements in Artistic Swimming», Path of Science, [S.l.], V. 7, N. 11, pp. 6001-6013. (in Eng.)
FINA Synchronised Swimming Manual for Judges, Coaches & Referees 2017 – 2021, available at: https://www.fina.org/sites/default/files/fina_as_manual_-_updated_august_2018.pdf. (in Eng.)
Gökçe Akgün (2021), «Numerical analysis of the artistic swimming mixed duet free routine choreographies in world championships», 4th International Conference of Sport Science – AESA 2021, available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/350122308_Numerical_analysis_of_the_artistic_swimming_mixed_duet_free_routine_choreographies_in_world_championships(in Eng.)
Li Li, Xu Xin, Mu Wei, Dong Hui, Pang Mei (2020), «Research on the Action Design of Team Artistic Swimming», International Journal of Sports Science and Physical Education, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 5-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsspe.20200501.12 (in Eng.)
Medvedeva, Ye. N. (2017), Ob"yektivizatsiya tekhnicheskoy tsennosti elementov strukturnykh grupp khudozhestvennoy gimnastiki [Objectification of the technical value of elements of structural groups of rhythmic gymnastics]: avtoreferat dissertatsii na soiskaniye uchenoy stepeni doktora pedagogicheskikh nauk, Spetsial'nost': 13.00.04 - teoriya i metodika fizicheskogo vospitaniya, sportivnoy trenirovki, ozdorovitel'noy i adaptivnoy fizicheskoy kul'tury. Sankt-Peterburg, 54 p. (in Russ.)
Miwako Homma & Haruka Fujishima (2013), "Analysis of team free routine choreography in synchronized swimming", FINA Synchronised Swimming Worldwide seminar, 1st – 3rd November 2013, St Petersburg, Russia. (in Eng.)
Tomali Stavroula (2021), «Which Factors are Influencing Artistic Swimming Performance?», European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, [S.l.], V. 6, N. 12, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v6i12.3674. (in Eng.)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Our publications use CREATIVE COMMONS open access copyrighted magazines.
Authors published in this journal agree to the following conditions:
1 Authors reserve the copyright of the work and transfer to the journal the right to first publish this work, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license, which allows others to freely distribute the published work with reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of this journal.
2 Authors have the right to conclude separate agreements for additional non-exclusive distribution of the work in the video material in which it was published in the journal (for example, in the workplace, in electronic storage or published as part of a monograph), provided that the link is before the first publication of this magazine