The structure of the Moldovan iron ore deposit (The Ukrainian shield) according to geological-geophysical data and its possible endogenous nature
An idea of the endogenous nature of ferriferous and ferriferous-carbonate rocks, forming numerous relatively small size of deposits and ore manifestations in the region of the Middle Bug called Pobuzhsky iron-ore district has been expressed on the example of the Moldovan iron-ore deposit (Middle Bug, Ukraine). This representation is an alternative for the most commonly held view of the sedimentary-volcanogenic metamorphic origin of iron ore deposits in the Ukrainian Shield the rocks of which are collected in tight folds with subvertical wings and subhorizontal hinges.
As a proof of endogenous nature of the Moldovan deposit the results of complex interpretation of magnetic and gravity surveys at a scale of 1: 2000 — 1: 5000, the study of physical properties of rocks and deep drilling (1200 m), which indicate the subvertical drop in ore deposits, a complete lack of even the initial signs of folding of total collapse and centriclinal or periclinal locking in the structure of deposits have been given in this article. The preliminary isotope analysis of carbonate rock deposits also showed a trend of their composition toward carbonatites.
It is shown that the deposit is a hook-like drag fold with vertical hinge formed, as supposed, from iron-ore dyke at length of 2—3 km and complicated in the hinge part of the impact of volcanic extrusion. These dykes of ferriferous rocks and ores are known in many regions of the world.
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