New method for edges detection of magnetic sources using logistic function
Keywords:logistic function, tilt angle, analytic signal amplitude, edge detection, interpretation of magnetic data
The tilt angle of the analytic signal amplitude (TA) is defined as the arctangent of the ratio of the first vertical derivative to the total horizontal derivative of the analytic signal amplitude. It is commonly used as a useful tool to estimate edges of magnetic sources because its value is slightly dependence on the direction of magnetization vector, and it is more effective in estimating the edges of the bodies than the analytic signal amplitude and the standard tilt angle. Based on logistic function (L) that has the same shape with the shape of arctangent function, and the derivatives of the analytic signal amplitude, we introduce some new filters which also can reduce the effect of the magnetization direction. Other notable features of these filters are that they produce amplitude maxima over the edges of sources and that they balance anomalies from shallow and deep sources. The feasibility of the proposed filters is demonstrated on noise-free and noisy synthetic magnetic data from two 3D models where the obtained results coincide well with the actual edges. The effectiveness of the filters is also evaluated by comparing it with other edge detection methods. The results also show that our filters are less sensitive to variations in the depth of the source bodies and that a modified logistic function (Lk) can achieve better edge detection results than the analytic signal amplitude (AS), the analytic signal amplitude of the tilt angle (AT), the TA and L filters. The filters are also applied to real magnetic data from an area in south-central Vietnam, and the results demonstrate that the proposed filters is a useful tool for the qualitative interpretation of magnetic data.
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