Complex geophysical model of the Earth’s crust and upper mantle along the profile of RP-VI (Carpathians)


  • I. M. Logvinov Subbotin Institute of Geophysics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • V. N. Tarasov Subbotin Institute of Geophysics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • S. G. Slonitskaya Ukrainian State Geological Prospecting Institute, Ukraine
  • V. I. Tregubenko Ukrainian State Geological Prospecting Institute, Ukraine



conductivity, Earth’s crust and upper mantle, Carpathians, gravity-magnetic studies, oil and gas content


A complex geophysical model is presented along the regional profile of RP-VI, which is located near the outlet to the terrestrial surface of the eastern boundary of the Skiba zone at its contact with, mainly, the Borislav-Pokuta zone of the Precarpathian trough. For the interpretation of magnetic data, the results of an aeromagnetic survey of a scale of 1 : 200 000 at a flight altitude of 2000 m were used, for the gravitational field — state gravimetric maps of the territory of the USSR in the Bouguer reduction of scale 1 : 200 000. For geoelectrical data, the magnetotelluric sounding curves obtained over the last 30 years have been used. Interpretation of gravimetric and magnetometric data was performed using the computer technology of data analysis KOSKAD3D, which is intended for analysis of three-dimensional digital geoinformation by the methods of a probabilistic-statistical approach. Interpretation of geoelectrical data is performed using the two-dimensional modeling program (inverse problem) — using the REBOCC algorithm. For the analysis of seismic data, the results of both the last century and the last decade are involved. The results of interpretation of different geophysical methods are presented in the form of vertical sections of physical parameters and their complex models of the earth’s crust and upper mantle to a depth of 90 km. The results of the geological and geophysical data presented in this paper differ from those obtained earlier by a new approach to the complex interpretation of potential fields and their comparison with previously unknown geoelectrical models. On the basis of the interpretation of potential fields, a peculiar element of the structure of the Earth’s crust was revealed, ap-parently connected with a sharp change in the composition of the rocks along the profile. The roof of this object undulates from the outlet to the surface at the northwest end of the profile to 25 km in its southeastern part. The sole of the layer from the end of the profile to the point 150 remains constant at a depth of about 25 km, drastically changing from 150 to the depths of the M boundary. It is shown that a sharp change in this object is accompanied by the presence of a low-resistance object that extends from 25 to 80 km with a maximum width of about 40 km. It is suggested that the position of this heterogeneity is related to the Tyachiv-Nadvornyansko-Monastyrtsky fault. The possible connection of a part of the selected element with oil and gas content is considered.


Baysarovich, M. M., Mitropol'sky, O. Yu., Chuprina, І. С. (Eds.). (2002). Atlas. Deep structure of the lithosphere and eco-geology of Ukraine. Кiev: Publ. of the Institute of Geological Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 55 p. (in Ukrainian).

Belousov, V. V., & Pavlenkova, N. I. (1993). The structure of the Earth's crust of Europe by seismic data and some notions of its evolution. In A. V. Chekunov (Ed.), Lithosphere of Central and Eastern Europe. Generalization of research results (pp. 10―35). Kiev: Naukova Dumka (in Russian).

Bodry, L., & Chermak, V. (1993). Modeling of the geothermal field. In V. A. Magnitsky (Ed.), Lithosphere of Central and Eastern Europe. Geodynamics (pp. 59―71). Kiev: Naukova Dumka (in Russian).

Gordienko, V. V., Gordienko, I. V., Zavgorodnyaya, O. V., Kovachikova, S., Logvinov, I. M., & Tarasov, V. N. (2012). Volyn-Podolsk Plate (geophysics, deep processes). Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 193 p. (in Russian).

Gordienko, V. V., Gordienko, I. V., Zavgorodnyaya, O. V., Kovachikova, S., Logvinov, I. M., Tarasov, V. N., & Usenko, O. V. (2011). Ukrainian Carpathian (geophysics, deep processes). Kiev: Logos, 128 p. (in Russian).

Semerdzhyan, A., & Shereshevskaya, S. V. (Eds.). (1969―1973). Gravimetric map of the USSR, Normal Formula Helmert 1901—1909. (M-34-XXIV, XXX, XXXVI, partially L-34-VI, L-35- I, II, M-35-XIX, XX, XXV, XXVI, XXXI, XXXII), 1 : 200 000. Moscow (in Russian).

Drogitskaya, G. M. (2009). Features of the Glybine structure of the Korsun-Novomirgorod and Novoukrainsky massifs of the Earth (Ukrainian Shield) according to seismic data. Geodynamika, (1), 76―83 (in Russian).

Zayats, Kh. B. (2013). Deep structure of the subsoil of the Western region of Ukraine on the basis of seismic research and direction of exploration for oil and gas. Lviv: Publ. of the Lviv Branch of the Ukrainian State Geological Prospecting Institute, 136 p. (in Ukrainian).

Ishchenko, V. Yu. (1989). Results of high-altitude aeromagnetic survey of the territory of the Carpathian seismically active region and adjacent areas. Kiev: Geoinform, 277 p. (in Russian).

Kaplan, S. A., Galuev, V. I., Pimenova, N. N., & Malinina, S. S. (2006). Complex interpretation of research data on support profiles. Geoinformatika, (3), 38―46 (in Russian).

Koval, L. A., Ovcharenko, A. V., & Priezzhev, I. I. (1988). Methodological recommendations on the use of an automated system for processing aero-geophysical data on an EC computer (ACOM-AGS / EU). Part 2. Alma-Ata: KazVIRG-KazPTI, 125 p. (in Russian).

Krupsky, Yu. Z., Kurovets, I. M., Senkovsky, Yu. M., Mikhailov, V. A., Chepel, P. M., Drinant, D. M., Shlapinsky, V. Ye., Colun, Y. V., Chepel, V. P., Kurovets, S. S., & Bodlak, V. P. (2014). Non-radical sources of hydrocarbons in Ukraine. Kiev: Nika-Tsentr, 400 p. (in Ukrainian).

Kutas, R. I. (2014). Thermal flow and geothermal models of the Earth’s crust of the Ukrainian Carpathians. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal, 36(6), 3—27. (in Russian).

Ladanivsky, B. T., & Lyashchuk, D. N. (2006). Geoelectric model of the south-western outskirts of the East-European platform along the profile of the RP-5 Gliboka―Kelmentsi. Dopovidi NAN Ukrayiny, (6), 115―120 (in Ukrainian).

Ladanivsky, B. T., Lyashchuk, D. N., Sapuzhak, Ya. S., & Cheban, V. D. (2005). Geoelectric model of the interlocking zone of the Precarpathian trough and the East-European platform along the RP-4a profile Kosiv-Melnitsa-Podolsk. Dopovidi NAN Ukrayiny, (5), 99―104 (in Ukrainian).

Chekunov, A. V. (Ed.). (1988). Lithosphere of Central and Eastern Europe. Geotraverses I, II, Y (74―78). Kiev: Naukova Dumka (in Russian).

National Atlas of Ukraine. (2007). Kyiv: State Scientific Production Enterprise «Kartographia», 440 p. (in Ukrainian).

Nikitin, A. A., Petrov, A. V., & Aleksashin, A. S. (2004). The complex of spectral-correlation data analysis “KOSKAD-3D”. Moscow: Publ. of the Moscow State Geological Prospecting University 158 p. (in Russian).

Petrov, A. B., Nikitin, A. A., Lykhin, A. A. (1990). Complex of spectral-correlation analysis of data “KOSKAD”: Abstracts of the All-Union Seminar named after DG Uspensky “Theory and practice of geological interpretation of gravitational and magnetic anomalies”. Alma-Ata (in Russian).

Petrov, A. V., Piskun, P. V., & Zinovkin, S. V. (2005). New possibilities of computer technology for statistical and spectral analysis of geodata “KOSKAD-3D”. Questions of the theory and practice of geological interpretation of gravitational, magnetic and electric fields: Proc. of the 32nd Session of the International Workshop named after D. G. Uspensky (pp. 219―221). Perm: Publ. of the Mining Institute of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (in Russian).

Priezzhev, I. I. (1989). Spectral and statistical analysis of aerogeophysical data in the ACOM-AGS/EU system: Doctoral disertation. Moscow: Publication of the Russian State Geological Prospecting University, 125 p. (in Russian).

Sapuzhak, Ya. S., Shamotko, V. I., & Kravchenko, A. P. (1990). Geoelectric models and methods of studying the structures of the west of Ukraine. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 188 p. (in Russian).

Slonitskaya, S. G., & Tregubenko, V. I. (2010). Investigation of the tectonics of the north-western shelf of the Black Sea and the adjacent land of Ukraine for the regional forecast of oil and gas. Kiev: Geoinform, 65 p. (in Ukrainian).

Sollogub, V. B. (1986). Lithosphere of Ukraine. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 184 p. (in Russian).

Sollogub, V. B., Guterkh, A., & Prosen, D. (1978). The structure of the Earth's crust and upper mantle of Central and Eastern Europe. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 272 p. (in Russian).

Sollogub, V. B., Guterkh, A., & Prosen, D. (1979). Crustal structure of Central and Eastern Europe on geophysical data. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 208 p. (in Russian).

Tarasov, V. N., Logvinov, I. M., & Litvinov, D. A. (2013). A comparative analysis of graphic representation of 3D models based on magnetotelluric sounding data. Geoinformatika, (3), 59―66 (in Russian).

Kruglov, S. S. (Ed.). (1986). Tectonics of the Ukrainian Carpathians (an explanatory note to the tectonic map of the Ukrainian Carpathians. 1 : 200,000. Lviv: Publ. of the Ukrainian Research Institute of mining, 152 p. (in Russian).

Tregubenko, V. I., Lebid, M. I., & Slonitska, S. G. (2004). Comprehensive analysis of the geophysical fields of the Carpathians for the purpose of regional forecasting of areas promising for oil and gas, and MTZ research work to study the structure of folded and sub-thrust structures. Kiev: Geoinform, 584 p. (in Ukrainian).

Ulizlo, B. M. (1963). Geoelectric characteristics of Upper Jurassic deposits of the outer zone of the Precarpathian trough. Geofizicheskiy sbornik AN USSR, (6), 80—83 (in Russian).

Chekunov, A. V. (1972). Structure of the crust and tectonics of the south of the European part of the USSR. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 176 p. (in Russian).

Sharov, N. V., Isanins, E. V., & Drogitskaya, G. M. (2013). The methodology and results of the seismic processing of ECWM data on the Onega ore district (Baltic Shield). Geodinamika, (2), 367―369.

Sheremeta, P. M., Slonitskaya, S. G., Tregubenko, V. I., Ladyzhensky, Yu. M., Nazarevich, A. V., Nazarevich, L. E., Havenzon, I. V., & Levkovich, Yu. M. (2011). About collisions of West European microplate and East European plate in western region of Ukraine by new data of regional geophysical research and prospects of oil-and-gas presence. Geodynamika, (2), 341―343 (in Ukrainian).

Shlapinsky, V. Ye. (2015). The geological structure of the Skibovy, Krosnensky and Dukliansko-Montenegrin covers of Ukrainian Carpathians and their prospects for oil and gas: Candidate dissertation. Lviv, 211 p. (in Ukrainian).

Adam, A., Ernst, T., Jankowski, J., Jozwiak, W., Hvozdara, M., Szarka, I., Wesztergon, V., Logvinov, I., & Kulik, S. (1997). Electromagnetic induction profile (PREPAN95) from the East European Platform (EEP) to the Pannonian basin. Acta Geodaetica et Geophysica Hungarica, 32(1-2), 203—223.

Fregoso, E., & Gallardo, L. A. (2009). Cross-gradients joint 3D inversion with applications to gravitV and magnetic data. Geophsysics, 74(4), 1JA―Z73.

Gallardo, L. A., & Meju, M. A. (2007) Joint two-dimensional cross-gradient imaging of magnetotelluric and seismic traveltime data for structural and lithological classification. Geophysical Journal International, 169(3), 1261―1272. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03366.x.

Ingerov A. I., Rokityansky I. I., & Tregubenko V. I. (1999). Forty years of MTS studies in the Ukraine, Earth, Planets and Space, 51, 1127―1133.

Logvinov, I. M. (2015). Deep Geoelectrical Structure of the Central and Western Ukraine. Acta Geophysica, 63(5), 1216―1230. doi:10.1515/acgeo-2015-0049.

Moorkamp, M., Heincke, B., Jegen, M., Roberts, A. W., & Hobbs, R. W. (2011). A framework for 3-D joint inversion of MT, gravity and seismic refraction data. Geophysical Journal International, 184(1), 477―493. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04856.x.

Semenov, V. Yu., Pek, J., Adam, A., Jozwiak, W., Ladanyvskyy, B., Logvinov, I., Pushkarev, P., & Vozar, J. (2008). Electrical structure of the upper mantle beneath Central Europe: Results of the CEMES project. Acta Geophysica, 56(4). 957―981.

Siripunvaraporn, W., & Egbert, G. (2000). An efficient data-subspace inversion method for 2-D magnetotelluric data. Geophysics, 65(3), 91―803.

Starostenko, V. I., Janik, T., Kolomiyets, K., Czuba, W., Środa, P., Grad, M., Kováčs, I., Stephenson, R., Lysynchuk, D., Thybo, H., Artemieva, I. M., Omelchenko, V., Gintov, O., Kutas, R., Gryn, D., Guterch, A., Hegedűs, E., Komminaho, K., Legostaeva, O., Tiira, T., & Tolkunov, A. (2013). Seismic velocity model of the crust and upper mantle along profile PANCAKE across the Carpathians between the Pannonian Basin and the East European Craton. Tectonophysics, 608, 1049—1072.

Zhou, J., Zhang, X., Xiu, C. (2015). A MATLAB-Based Numerical and GUI Implementation of Cross-Gradients Joint Inversion of Gravit and Magnetic Data Journal of Software. Journal of Software Engineering and Applications, 8(2), 93―101. doi: 10.4236/jsea.2015.82010



How to Cite

Logvinov, I. M., Tarasov, V. N., Slonitskaya, S. G., & Tregubenko, V. I. (2019). Complex geophysical model of the Earth’s crust and upper mantle along the profile of RP-VI (Carpathians). Geofizicheskiy Zhurnal, 41(3), 96–119.




Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>