Comparative analysis of modern deformation and the newest motions of the Earth surface in the territory of Ukraine
Currently, the data of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) are widely used in the field of navigation, geodesy, cartography and regional geodynamic studies, in particular, in monitoring the movement of lithospheric plates, etc. Further development and creation of local GNSS networks, as well as the long-term replenishment of databases regarding the determination of the coordinates of individual stations and the speeds of their movement allows obtaining reliable more detailed information on the current deformation of the Earth's surface. The article discusses the current deformation of the Earth’s surface based on the analysis of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems data from the GAO NAS of Ukraine in comparison with the heights of the UGK2012 quasi-geoid and the latest lineament zones and faults, as well as with the late Pliocene-Quaternary vertical movements of the Earth’s crust. According to the results of the analysis of high-precision coordinates of displacement vectors of permanent GNSS stations in the territory of Ukraine, deformation parameters of the Earth’s surface were obtained, areas of prevailing compression values — tension and left-right-side rotation of the Earth’s surface were identified, the boundaries between which can be drawn along the latest lineament zones and faults. The areas of the predominant stretching of the Earth’s surface correspond to the zones of the newest tectonic uplifts (Volyn-Podolsk and Periazov hills) and maximum amplitudes of the Pliocene-Quaternary movements and positive geoid anomalies, and the areas of prevailing compression are zones of tectonic descents (Polissian and Peridnieper lowland), minimal amplitudes of Pliocene-Quarternary movements and minor heights of the geoid. Four large modern geoblocks have been identified: North-West and North-East, which rotate clockwise, and South-West and South-East rotating counterclockwise. At a qualitative level, the mechanism of interconnection of modern and newest movements of the Earth’s crust, namely, the presence of the latest tectonic zones of uplifting and lowering with corresponding tensions and movements of its surface, on which modern tensions (and corresponding movements) are imposed that are associated with the tectonic movement of the Eurasian Plate in northeastern direction and the irregular rotation of the Earth.
Full Text:PDF (Русский)
Bush, V. A. (1983). Transcontinental lineaments and mobilism problems. Geotectonika, (4), 14―25 (in Russian).
Verkhovtsev, V. G. (2008). New platform geostructures of Ukraine and the dynamics of their development: Doctor’s thesis. Kiev, Institute of Geological Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 423 p. (in Ukrainian).
Vikulin, A. V. (2008). The World of Vortex Motions. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: Publ. of Kamchatka State Technical University, 230 p. (in Russian).
Vikulin, A. V. (2010). New type of elastic rotational waves in the geomedia and vortex geodyna¬mics. Geodinamika i tektonofizika, 1(2), 119—141 (in Russian).
Voroshilov, V. G. (2012). Vortex nature of ore genic geochemical fields. Izvestiya Tomskogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta, 321(1), 48—51 (in Russian).
Geyko, V. S., Tsvetkova, T. A., Sannikova, N. G., Livanova, L. P., & Geyko, K. V. (1998). Regional 3-D P-speed structure of the mantle of northwestern Eurasia. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal, 2(3), 67―91 (in Russian).
Gunin, V. I. (2018). Vortex hydrodynamics: a new approach to modeling geosystems. Vestnik Permskogo universiteta. Matematika. Mekha¬nika. Informatika, (1), 5—18 (in Russian).
Entin, V. A., Guskov, S. I., Orlyuk, M. I., Gintov, O. B., & Osmak, R. V. (2015). A map of absolute values for gravity field of Ukraine and some aspects of its possible interpretation. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal, 37(1), 53―61. https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.0203-3100.v37i1.2015.111323 (in Russian).
Ishchenko, M. V. (2017). Estimation of velocities according to GNSS observations in the GNSS Analysis Center of the GAO NAS of Ukraine for further geodynamic studies. Visnyk Astronomichnoyi shkoly, 13(1), 48—53 (in Ukrainian).
Ischenko, M. V., & Orlyuk, M. I. (2018). De¬for¬ma¬tion of the Earth’s surface according to the GNSS network in connection with the UKGS 2012 quasi-geoid and the newest movements: Aerospace Observations for Sustainable De¬ve¬lop¬ment and Security: Reports of the sixth All-Uk¬rainian Conference «GEO-UA 2018» (Kiev, Ukraine, September 18―19, 2018) (pp. 101— 104). Kiev: EOS (in Ukrainian).
Kutas, R. I., Orlyuk, M. I., Pashkevich, I. K., Burakhovich, T. K., Makarenko, I. B., & Bugayenko, I. V. (2018). Depth structure of the territory of Ukraine according to modern geophysical data. General information. In V. I. Starostenko, O. B. Gintov (Eds.), Essays on Geodynamics of Ukraine (pp. 17―24). Kiev: VI EN EY (in Russian).
Lomakin, I. E., Pokalyuk, V. V., Kochelab, V. V., & Shuraev, I. N. (2018). The Azov-Adriatic Megalineament is a transregional zone of conjugate deep faults in southern Europe. Geologiya i poleznyye iskopayemyye Mirovogo okeana, (2), 30—48 (in Russian).
Marchenko, A. M., Kucher, A., & Marchenko, D. (2013). The results of the refinement of the quasigeoid UKG 2012 for the territory of Ukraine. Visnyk heodeziyi ta kartohrafiyi, (3), 3—10 (in Ukrainian).
Marchenko, A. M., Tretyak, K. R., Serant, O. V., Visotenko, R. A. (2011). Estimation of the crustal deformation rate tensor from GPS observations in Eastern Europe. Geodynamika, (1), 5—16 (in Ukrainian).
Orlyuk, M. I. (2000). Spatial and space-time magnetic models of different-rank structures of the continental-type lithosphere. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal, 22(6), 148―165 (in Russian).
Orlyuk, M. I., Romenets, A. A., Marchenko, A. V., Orliuk, I. M., & Ivashchenko, I. N. (2015). Magnetic declination of the territory of Ukraine: results of observations and calculations. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal, 37(2), 73―85. https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.0203-3100.v37i2.2015.111307 (in Russian).
Orlyuk, M. I., Marchenko, A. V., & Romenets, A. A. (2017). Spatial-temporeral changes in the geomagnetic field and seismicity. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal, 39(6), 84―105. https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.0203-3100.v39i6.2017.116371 (in Russian).
Tretyak, K. R., Maksimchuk, V. Yu., & Kutas, R. I. (Eds.). Modern geodynamics and geophysical fields of the Carpathians and adjacent territories. Lviv: Lvivska politekhnika, 420 p. (in Ukrainian).
Slenzak, O. I. (1972). Vortex systems of the lithosphere and Precambrian structures. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 182 p. (in Russian).
Starostenko, V. I., Kuprienko, P. Ya., Makarenko, I. B., Legostaeva, O. V., & Savchenko, A. S. (2012). Density inhomogeneity of the earth’s crust along the latitudinal zones of the faults of the Ukrainian shield and the Dnieper-Donets basin. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal, 34(6), 113―132. https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.0203-3100.v34i6.2012.116718 (in Russian).
Starostenko, V. I., & Gintov, O. B. (2018). Problems of geodynamics of the Ukrainian Precambrian (a review of views). In: Starostenko V. I., Gintov O. B. (Eds.), Essays on Geodynamics of Ukraine (pp. 355―367). Kiev: VI EN EY (in Russian).
Timofeev, V.Yu., Ardyukov, V. G., Timofeev, A. V., & Boyko, E. V. (2019). Modern movements of the Earth’s surface in Gorny Altai from GPS observations. Geodinamika i tectonofizika, 10(1), 123―146 (in Russian).
Khoda, O. (2019). Coordinate estimation of East European permanent GNSS stations in the IGb08 coordinate system for GPS weeks 1709—1933. Kinematika i fizika nebesnykh tel, 35(1), 70―80 (in Ukrainian).
Tsvetkova, T. A., Bugaenko, I. V., & Zaets, L. N. (2016). Velocity divisibility of the mantle beneath the Ukrainian shield. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal, 38(4), 75―87. https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.0203-3100.v38i4.2016.107802 (in Russian).
Shestopalov, V. M., Lukin, A. E., Zgonnik, V. A., Makarenko, A. N., Larin, N. V., & Boguslavsky, A. S. (2018). Essays on the degassing of the Earth. Kiev: Publ. Institute of Geological Sciences, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 632 p. (in Russian).
Araszkiewicz, A., Figurski, M., & Jarosiński, M. (2016). Erroneous GNSS Strain Rate Patterns and their Application to Investigate the Tectonic Credibility of GNSS Velocities. Acta Geophysica, 64(5), 1412—1429. https://doi.org/10.1515/acgeo-2016-0057.
Argus, D., Gordon, R., & DeMets, C. (2011). Geologically current motion of 56 plates relative to the no-net-rotation reference frame. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 12(11), 1―13. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011GC003751.
Bogdanova, S., Gorbatschev, R. & Geretsky, R. G. (2016). EUROPE|East Europen Craton. In Reference Module in Earth and Environmental Sciences (рр. 1―18). doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.10020-X.
Caporali, A. (2013). Towards a Dense Velocity Field for Central Europe. EGU General Assembly 2013, held 7—12 April, 2013 in Vienna, Austria.
Dach, R., Lutz, S., Walser, P., & Fridez, P. (2015). Bernese GNSS Software Version 5.2, Astronomical Institute, University of Berne.
DeMets, C., Gordon, R., Argus, D., & Stein, S. (1994). Effect of recent revisions to the geo¬mag-
¬netic reversal timescale on estimates of cur¬rent plate motions. Geophysical Research Let¬ters, 21, 2191—2194. https://doi.org/10.1029/ 94GL02118.
Devoti, R., Pietrantonio, G., & Riguzzi, F. (2014). GNSS networks for geodynamics in Italy. Fisica de la Tierra, 26, 11―24. http://dx.doi.org/10.5209/rev_FITE.2014.v26.46968.
Hackl, M., Malservisi, R., & Wdowinski, S. (2009). Strain rate patterns from dense GPS networks. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 9(4), 1177—1187. https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-9-1177-2009.
Hill, E., & Blewitt, G. (2006). Testing for fault activity at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, using independent GPS results from the BARGEN network. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L14302. https://doi.org/10.1029/2006GL026140
Ishchenko, M. (2018). Investigation of deformation of the earth crust on the territory of Ukraine using a GNSS observation. Artificial Satellite, 53(3), 117—126. https://doi.org/10.2478/arsa-2018-0009.
Goudarzi, M., Cocard, M., & Santerre, R. (2015). GeoStrain: An open source for calculating crustal strain rates. Computers and Geosciences, 82, 1―12. doi: 10.1016/j.cageo.2015.05.007.
Khoda, O. (2017). EPN Densification Project: Report of the Main Astronomical Observatory NAS of Ukraine. Presented at the EUREF Analysis Centres Workshop. Brussels (Belgium).
Love, A. (1944). A Treatise on the Mathematical Theory of Elasticity. New York: Dover Publications.
Orlyuk, M., Marchenko, A., Romenets, A., & Bakarjieva, M. (2018). Ukrainian Regional Magnetic Map: the results of calculations of the geomagnetic field components for the Epoch 2015. COBS Journal, (5), 40.
Peter, Y. (2000). Present-day crustal dynamics in the Adriatic-Aegean plate boundary zone inferred from continuous GPS-measurements. Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich.
Savage, J., Gan, W., & Svarc, J. (2001). Strain accumulation and rotation in the Eastern California Shear Zone. Journal of Geophysica Research, 106(B10), 21995—22007. https://doi.org/10.1029/2000JB000127.
Stangl, G., Caporali, A., Mitterschiffthaler, P., & Zurutuza,J. (2014). Velocity Field of Central Europe from CEGRN Campaigns and CERGOP Permanent Stations: EGU General Assembly 2014, held 27 April — 2 May, 2014 in Vienna, Austria.
Uzel, T., Eren, K., & Gulal, E. (2013). Monitoring the tectonic plate movements in Turkey based on the national continuous GNSS network. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 6(9), 3573—3580. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12517-012-0631-5.
Wald, R. (1984). General Relativity. University of Chicago press, Chicago, IL.
Wu, Y., Jiang, Z., Yang, G., Wei, W., & Liu, X. (2011). Comparison of GPS strain rate computing methods and their reliability. Geophysical Journal International, 185(2), 703—717.
Ze, Z., Guojie, M., Xiaoning, S., Jicang, W., & Xiaojing, L. J. (2012). Global crustal movement and tectonic plate boundary deformation constrained by the ITRF2008. Geodesy and Geodynamics, 3(3), 40―45. https://doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1246.2012.00040.
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.