The right of the victim to procedural communication in criminal proceedings: anthropological and axiological searches

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15587/2523-4153.2021.241947

Keywords:

criminal proceedings, victim, protection of rights, criminal procedure communication, communicative equality, legal values, anthropology, axiology

Abstract

The paper examines the modern "image of the victim" in criminal procedural law; indicates the communicative vision of values ​​within a specific legal reality and the relationship of the victim in criminal proceedings (as a carrier of values) with this legal reality, as well as communicative equality as a key component of the value of "victim image" to be provided by the legislator.

Considerable attention is paid to the theoretical foundations of the development of the problems of criminal-procedural communication of the victim. It is noted, that procedural communication is a category that within each individual legal situation - criminal proceedings - certifies and integrates the concept of legal values ​​in the sectoral (criminal procedure) norm.

It is emphasized, that the axiologization of communication processes in criminal proceedings, in particular, criminal procedural communication of the victim, is designed to create a communicative vision of values ​​within a specific legal reality and the relationship of the victim in criminal proceedings (as a carrier of values) with this legal reality, or in other words, to create the “image of the victim" in criminal procedural law, and values ​​- an integral part of such an image.

It points to communicative equality as a constitutive value of the modern "image of the victim" in criminal procedural law, which must be ensured by the legislator

Author Biography

Inna Rakipova, National University “Odessa Law Academy”

PhD, Associate Professor

Department of Criminal Procedure

References

Horobets, K. V. (2012). Aksiosfera prava ta yii komponenty. Odesa, 324.

Rakipova, I. V.; Mishyna, N. V. (Ed.) (2021). Shchodo «obrazu poterpiloho» u kryminalnomu protsesualnomu pravi: pravo na komunikatsiiu. Prava liudyny v Ukraini ta u zarubizhnykh krainakh: tradytsii ta novatsii. Lviv-Torun: Liha-Pres, 435–464.

Alekseev, N. N. (1999). Osnovy filosofii prava. Saint Petersburg: Lan, 256.

Sorokina, Yu. V. (2007). K voprosu o tsennosti prava. Filosofiya prava, 2, 11–19.

Martishin, O. V. (2004). Problema tsennostei v teorii gosudarstva i prava. Gosudarstvo i pravo, 10, 5–14.

Tokarska, A. S. (2008). Legal Communication in the Context of the Post-classic Law Understanding. Kyiv. Available at: http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:322f7rYrqf8J:www.irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis_nbuv/cgiirbis_64.exe%3FC21COM%3D2%26I21DBN%3DARD%26P21DBN%3DARD%26Z21ID%3D%26Image_file_name%3DDOC/2008/08taskpp.zip%26IMAGE_FILE_DOWNLOAD%3D1+&cd=1&hl=ru&ct=clnk&gl=ua

Hryshchuk, O. V. (2007). Liudska hidnist u pravi: filosofski problemy. Kyiv: Atika, 432.

Rabinovych, P. M. (2007). Osnovy zahalnoi teorii prava. Lviv: Krai, 224.

Titko, I. A. (2016). Normatyvne zabezbechennia ta praktyka realizatsii pryvatnoho interesu v kryminalnomu protsesi Ukrainy. Kharkiv, 460. Available at: http://ua.z-pdf.ru/7yuridicheskie/676507-20-na-pravah-rukopisu-titko-ivan-andriyovich-udk-34313-normativne-zabezpechennya-praktika-realizacii-privatnogo-interesu-k.php

Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power (A/RES/40/34). (1985). Available at: https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/victimsofcrimeandabuseofpower.aspx Last accessed: 02.02.2019

European Convention on the Compensation of Victims of Violent Crimes. No. 116 (1983). Available at: https://www.coe.int/en/web/conventions/full-list?module=treaty-detail&treatynum=116 Last accessed: 02.02.2019

Council of Europe Committee of Ministers Resolution (77) 27 on the compensation of victims of crime (1977). Available at: https://rm.coe.int/16804f3e59 Last accessed: 02.02.2019

Council of Europe Committee of Ministers Recommendation No. R(85) 11to the Member States on the position of the victim in the framework of criminal law and procedure (1985). Available at: https://polis.osce.org/file/8551/download?token=_VoBmlMi Last accessed: 02.02.2019

Council Directive 2004/80/ECof. relating to compensation to crime victims. Official Journal of the European Union, L 261/15 (2004). Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32004L0080 Last accessed: 02.02.2019

Directive 2012/29/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2001/220/JHA (2012). Official Journal of the European Union, L 315/57. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2012:315:0057:0073:EN:PDF Last accessed: 02.02.2019

Published

2021-09-30

How to Cite

Rakipova, I. (2021). The right of the victim to procedural communication in criminal proceedings: anthropological and axiological searches. ScienceRise: Juridical Science, (3(17), 32–36. https://doi.org/10.15587/2523-4153.2021.241947

Issue

Section

Juridical Science