DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/2312-8372.2017.117836

Analysis and comparison of metal-oxide surge arrester models

Volodymyr Brzhezitsky, Yevgeniy Trotsenko, Yaroslav Haran

Abstract


The objects of the research are: full and simplified dynamic models of surge arresters, as well as the model of surge arrester in the form of a nonlinear resistor. For the simulation of the voltage-current characteristics, in the latter case the approximation was used, describing by one expression both switching and lightning surge domain. At the present time, the traditional approach is applied for the study of surge arrester models. The surge arrester model is connected in series with a current source of a given waveform and amplitude. Then, the residual voltage is computed on the surge arrester model. The simulation results are compared with the corresponding passport values and a conclusion is made about the applicability of this model.

In practice, as a result of lightning activity, surge arresters are exposed to impulse voltage waves. The use of voltage impulses in comparing the models of metal-oxide surge arresters has not been studied sufficiently yet.

Analysis of different surge arrester models subjected to the lightning current impulses was carried out. The residual voltage, which arises in this case on the surge arresters, was computed. The results obtained with a nonlinear resistor do not differ from the results obtained with the full model by more than 5.74 %, and from the results obtained with the simplified model by more than 5.67 %. Analysis of the same surge arrester models subjected to the lightning voltage impulses was carried out. The residual voltage, which arises in this case on the surge arresters, was computed. The results obtained with a nonlinear resistor do not differ from the results obtained with the full model by more than 9.41 %, and from the results obtained with the simplified model by more than 7.85 %.

When making final choice of a particular surge arrester model, it is preferable, because of the need for a certain safety factor, to choose model which gives largest residual voltage values when the voltage impulses are applied. It has also been established that even when modeling a surge arrester in the form of a nonlinear resistor, but taking into account the approximation of its voltage-current characteristic by one expression, the results do not exceed the limits of engineering accuracy.


Keywords


model of surge arrester; current impulse; voltage impulse; voltage-current characteristic

References


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Pinceti, P., Giannettoni, M. (1999). A simplified model for zinc oxide surge arresters. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 14 (2), 393–398. doi:10.1109/61.754079

Brzhezitsky, V., Masluchenko, I., Trotsenko, Y., Krysenko, D. (2015). Approximation of Volt-Ampere Characteristics of Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters. Scientific Works of National University of Food Technologies, 21 (1), 169–176.

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Kim, I., Funabashi, T., Sasaki, H., Hagiwara, T., Kobayashi, M. (1996). Study of ZnO arrester model for steep front wave. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 11 (2), 834–841. doi:10.1109/61.489341

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Lat, M. V. (1983). Thermal Properties of Metal Oxide Surge Arresters. IEEE Transactions on Power Apparatus and Systems, PAS-102 (7), 2194–2202. doi:10.1109/tpas.1983.318207

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GOST Style Citations


Modeling of metal oxide surge arresters [Text] // IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery. – 1992. – Vol. 7, No. 1. – P. 302–309. doi:10.1109/61.108922

Pinceti, P. A simplified model for zinc oxide surge arresters [Text] / P. Pinceti, M. Giannettoni // IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery. – 1999. – Vol. 14, No. 2. – P. 393–398. doi:10.1109/61.754079

Brzhezitsky, V. Approximation of Volt-Ampere Characteristics of Metal-Oxide Surge Arresters [Text] / V. Brzhezitsky, I. Masluchenko, Y. Trotsenko, D. Krysenko // Scientific Works of National University of Food Technologies. – 2015. – Vol. 21, No. 1. – P. 169–176.

Saengsuwan, T. Lightning arrester modeling using ATP-EMTP [Text] / T. Saengsuwan, W. Thipprasert // 2004 IEEE Region 10 Conference TENCON 2004. – IEEE, 2004. – P. 377–380. doi:10.1109/tencon.2004.1414786

Peppas, G. D. Surge arresters models for fast transients [Text] / G. D. Peppas, I. A. Naxakis, C. T. Vitsas, E. C. Pyrgioti // 2012 International Conference on Lightning Protection (ICLP). – IEEE, 2012. – P. 1–6. doi:10.1109/iclp.2012.6344285

Li, H. J. A parameter identification technique for metal-oxide surge arrester models [Text] / H. J. Li, S. Birlasekaran, S. S. Choi // IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery. – 2002. – Vol. 17, No. 3. – P. 736–741. doi:10.1109/tpwrd.2002.1022797

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Copyright (c) 2017 Yevgeniy Trotsenko, Volodymyr Brzhezitsky, Yaroslav Haran

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ISSN (print) 2664-9969, ISSN (on-line) 2706-5448