Agricultural development of Ukraine as the basis for ensure its food security

Olena Iatsukh, Ivan Demchenko, Natalya Zakharova, Volodymyr Tsap

Abstract


The object of research is agriculture in Ukraine in the context of providing its food security. Given the urgency of the problem of the growing population and finding its place in the global world economy, Ukraine represents agriculture as the basis of export potential and a driving force for further development.

One of the most problematic places is the heterogeneity of business entities operating in the industry. Agricultural enterprises are characterized by different values of assets and agricultural areas. However, for almost all, the problem of complex access to financial resources is characteristic. In turn, this situation reduces the efficiency of the industry. In addition, the abolition of most direct support programs for agricultural commodity producers and the reduction of the mechanisms of indirect state support pose an additional threat to the country's food security.

In the course of the study, general scientific and special research methods were used. In particular, the method of observation, abstract reassessment and statistical analysis allowed to reveal the main regularities and trends of the agricultural sector development of the Ukrainian economy. In turn, the graphical method allows to visualize the obtained results.

The qualitative characteristic of the interrelationship of the agricultural sector of the economy and food security of the country is obtained. This includes the direct interest of the government, which is responsible for the strategic development of the country. Food security is formed as a result of profitable activities of agricultural entities and the direct or indirect measures of state support. The latter allow to avoid numerous threats of management, typical for enterprises in the industry. At the same time, it should be noted that households have a significant potential for food security and self-sufficiency.

Thanks to the combination of entrepreneurial initiative and state support, sustainable agriculture sector development is ensured. The consequence will be the realization of opportunities of the industry, reduction of business risks, strengthening of export potential of Ukraine and ensuring its food security.


Keywords


food security; agriculture; agricultural producer; government support; price development

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References


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GOST Style Citations


Konstytutsiia Ukrainy: Law of Ukraine No. 254k/96-VR from 28.06.1996. URL: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/254%D0%BA/96-%D0%B2%D1%80 (Last accessed: 16.02.2017).

Iftikhar S., Mahmood H. Z. Ranking and relationship of agricultural credit with food security: A district level analysis // Cogent Food & Agriculture. 2017. Vol. 3, No. 1. doi:10.1080/23311932.2017.1333242 

Batrakova T. I., Sineoky A. O. Devaluation occurrence causes of the hryvna and ways to overcome it // Young Scientist. 2016. No. 1 (28). URL: http://molodyvcheny.in.ua/files/journal/2016/1/3.pdf

Luchka O. 5 naibilshykh ahrokompanii Ukrainy za rozmirom zemelnoho banku. 2016. URL: https://lb.ua/economics/2016/01/13/325366_5_naybilshih_agrokompaniy_ukraini.html

Hopko H. Chym nebezpechnyi neprozoryi ta chy oboviazkovyi rynok zemli. 2011. URL: http://www.pravda.com.ua/articles/2011/03/15/6016450/

Obzor agroprodovol'stvennoy tovarnoy politiki v postsovetskikh stranakh 2014–2015 // Prodovol'stvennaya i sel'skokhozyaystvennaya organizatsiya obedinennykh natsiy. 2016. URL: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5433r.pdf

Iedyna kompleksna stratehiia rozvytku silskoho hospodarstva ta silskykh terytorii na 2015–2020 rr.URL: http://minagro.gov.ua/node/16025

Kent G. Africa's food security under globalization // African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development. 2002. Vol. 2, No. 1. doi:10.4314/ajfand.v2i1.19119 

Galhena D., Freed R., Maredia K. M. Home gardens: a promising approach to enhance household food security and wellbeing // Agriculture & Food Security. 2013. Vol. 2, No. 1. P. 8. doi:10.1186/2048-7010-2-8 

Joseph D. A. Food Security and Indian Agriculture // SSRN Electronic Journal. 2015. doi:10.2139/ssrn.2614265 

Martin W., Perkin K. Food safety and food security: Mapping relationships // Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development. 2016. Vol. 6, No. 2. P. 13–24. doi:10.5304/jafscd.2016.062.001 

Pozniak S. P. Chernozems Of Ukraine: Geography, Genesis And Current Conditions // Ukrainian Geographical Journal. 2016. Vol. 1. P. 9–13. doi:10.15407/ugz2016.01.009 

Silske hospodarstvo Ukrainy: naperedodni prodovolchoi kryzy. Yak poznachytsia podatkova reforma na silhospvyrobnykakh? 2015. URL: http://forbes.net.ua/ua/opinions/1401679-silske-gospodarstvo-ukrayini-naperedodni-prodovolchoyi-krizi

Silske hospodarstvo Ukrainy: statystychnyi zbirnyk. URL: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/druk/publicat/Arhiv_u/07/Arch_sg_zb.htm

Pro skhvalennya Stratehiyi rozvytku ahrarnoho sektoru ekonomiky na period do 2020 roku: Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 806-r from 17.10.2013. URL: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/806-2013-%D1%80

Vedenie agrarnogo biznesa v Ukraine. 2016. URL: http://ucab.ua/files/Survey/Doing/Doing2016_rus_web.pdf





DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/2312-8372.2018.129856

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Copyright (c) 2018 Olena Iatsukh, Ivan Demchenko, Natalya Zakharova, Volodymyr Tsap

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ISSN (print) 2226-3780, ISSN (on-line) 2312-8372