Ontological approach to development of web-content generation method
The object of research is the process of automated creation of web content based on information presented in an ontological form. One of the most problematic places in web development is the process of creating a user interface. This is due to the fact that this process is complex and requires more time and money than other development stages.
During the study, there was applied a software development model, which is, based on the development of an ontology, and then a software application for its processing. This approach is called «Ontology-driven development» (or the software development process controlled by the ontology).
An intellectual model is obtained for representing the elements of web resources, which is represented in the form of an ontology, as well as the software core of the system for generating web pages, based on information stored in the ontology. This is due to the process, which is need to obtain a set of finite elements of the user interface (HTML, CSS, JS elements) from which web pages are formed.
Setting addressing between pages of a web resource has a number of features. In particular, an appropriate approach was proposed for linking the address of the final web page with the controller, which is responsible for generating its content. These functions are similarly to the so-called «router», which is used in classical web-based systems (e. g. JSP for Java). A distinctive feature of this approach is in the set of information from which the web page is formed. This information, as well as its address is stored and loaded from the ontology.
Due to the presented approach, the process of designing and developing of the user interface is simplified in comparison with classical ones. This approach is effective for web projects and, in the perspective, for other applications (desktop, mobile, etc.). Also, the proposed method will increase the possibility of reusing already developed elements of the user interface, as well as ensure the creation of a base of ready-made solutions for the developers in the form of corporate memory.
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