Human capital development in the agricultural economy sector
Keywords:human capital, agricultural sector of the economy, development factors, rural areas, labor resources
The object of research is the human capital of the agricultural sector of the national economy. The study of scientific works has revealed that in defining the essence of human capital as an economic category, scientists have not reached a common opinion. With all the variety of theoretical approaches, the problem of the peculiarities of human capital formation in the agricultural sector remains insufficiently studied. There are significant differences in methodological approaches to the interpretation of its essence at different levels of manifestation and certainty. The methods of systematic approach and structural-functional analysis, abstract-logical, monographic and graphical methods were used in the research. The study identifies the nature and peculiarities of human capital formation in the agrarian sector of the economy and clarifies the human capital functions of the agrarian sector and the factors that contribute to its development.
In the work on the basis of generalization of theoretical researches on the role of human capital in the economy, its state and prospects of development in the agrarian sector of economy are analyzed. The factors that influence the level of formation and development of human capital are analyzed. The functions of human capital are described and ways to improve the available human capital in rural areas are proposed.
The peculiarities of the human capital of the agrarian sector of the economy are revealed, the main of which are:
– close connection of the human capital of the agrarian sector with the rural way of life, agrarian work and life;
– significant social and professional homogeneity;
– great dependence of its use on natural rhythms and cycles;
– significant territorial dispersion of the human capital of the agricultural sector, its relatively low mobility compared to human capital in other sectors of the national economy;
– need for development and development under conditions of disability due to the lower standard and quality of life in rural areas, etc.
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