Paleoclimate's factors of reconstruction of thermal history of petroleum bazhenov and togur suites southeastern West Siberia


  • V. I. Isaev Tomsky Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russian Federation
  • A. A. Iskorkina Tomsky Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russian Federation
  • G. A. Lobova Tomsky Polytechnic University, Tomsk, Russian Federation
  • A. N. Fomin Institute of Oil and Gas Geology and Geophysics SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation



paleoclimate, geothermal regime, the Bazhenov and Togur deposits, resources, Western Siberia


The regions of the West Siberian oil and gas province have unique paleoclimatic features: 1) Mesozoic-Cenozoic secular course of temperature, individual for regional paleoclimatic zones; 2) different scale processes of formation and degradation of Neopleistocene permafrost sections; 3) zonal and periodically forming late Quaternary ice sheets. The purpose of research is to assess the influence of factors paleoclimate (secular temperature course on the earth's surface and Neopleistocene permafrost strata) on the calculated geothermal regime of parent oil-source suites that determines the calculation of the density of hydrocarbon resources by three-dimensional-genetic method. The object of research are the Bazhenov and Togur deposits of Mesozoic and Cenozoic section, stripped by deep wells in the south-east of Western Siberia (North Festival and Luginetskoye hydrocarbon deposits of Tomsk region).

Research is based on the method paleotemperature simulation — solving the inverse and direct problems of unsteady geothermy under conditions of sedimentation on multivariance of paleotectonic and paleotemperature reconstructions, on conformity assessment of results reconstructions to the criteria of optimal solution of the inverse problems of geophysics and the degree of harmonization of rated centers of generation of oils with established oil and gas presence in the interior.

The necessity to take into account Neopleistocene permafrost of about 300 meters thick and of the use of local (regional) secular progress of temperatures on the earth's surface for adequately recover of thermal history of parent oil source deposits on the lands of southeast Western Siberia has been established. In case of permafrost strata are neglected estimated hydrocarbon resources HR, determined by the volume-genetic method, can be underestimated up to 25—30 %. In the case of  neglecting paleoclimatic temperatures running calculated HR can be underestimated from 50 % to 4 times lower.


Bolshakov V. A., 2015. Ratio of glacial cycles Brunhes Chron allocated in deepwater and continental sections. Fizika Zemli (5), 20—41 (in Russian).

Burshteyn L. M., Zhidkova L. V., Kontorovich A. E., Melenevskiy V. N., 1997. Model katagenesis organic matter (for example, the Bazhenov Formation). Geologiya i geofizika 38(6), 1070—1078 (in Russian).

Vassoyevich N. B., 1967. Sedimentary-migration theory of oil origin (historical review and current state). Izvestiya AN SSSR. Ser. Geologicheskaya (11), 135—156 (in Russian).

Galushkin Yu. I., Sitar K. A., Kunitsina A. V., 2009. Maturation of organic matter and implementation neftegeneratsionnogo building in the history of deep formations of the northeastern shelf of Sakhalin Basin. Geologiya nefti i gaza (2), 61—66 (in Russian).

Golovanova I. V., Salmanova R. Yu., Tagirova Ch. D., 2014. Method of calculation of deep temperatures, taking into account the impact of the corrected values of the heat flow paleoclimate. Geologiya i geofizika 55(9), 1426—1435 (in Russian).

Golbert A. V., 1987. Fundamentals regional paleoclimatology. Moscow: Nedra, 222 p. (in Russian).

Demezhko D. Yu., Gornostayeva A. A., 2014. Reconstruction of long-term changes in heat flow through the surface of the earth according to the geothermic deep wells. Geologiya i geofizika 55(12), 1841—1846 (in Russian).

Duchkov A. D., Galushkin Yu. I., Smirnov L. V., Sokolova L. S., 1990. Evolution of the temperature field of the sedimentary cover of the West Siberian Plain. Geologiya i geofizika (10), 51—60 (in Russian).

Efimenko S. V., Badina M. V., Efimenko V. N., 2013. On the justification of the territorial boundaries of the spread I-II road and climatic zones in the West Siberian region. Vestnik TGASU (4), 295—303 (in Russian).

Ivanov, N. S., Gavrilov R. I., 1965. Thermophysical properties of frozen rocks. Moscow: Nauka, 74 p. (in Russian).

Isaev V. I., 2015. Assessment of thick permafrost Quaternary climatic cooling oil source to the geothermal regime of the Western Siberian deposits. Neftegazovaya geologiya. Teoriya i praktika 10(2).

Isaev V. I., Iskorkina A. A., 2014. Mesozoic-Cenozoic course of temperatures on the Earth's surface and geothermal regime of the Jurassic oil source deposits (southern paleoclimatic zone of West Siberia). Geofizicheskiy zhurnal 36(5), 64—80 (in Russian).

Isaev V. I., Lobova G. A., Mazurov A. K., Fomin A. N., Starostenko V. I., 2016. Zoning of the Bazhenov suite and clinoforms Neocomian according to the density resources of shale and primaryly-accumulated oil (Nurol megadepression as an example). Geofizicheskiy zhurnal 38(3), 29—51 (in Russian).

Isaev V. I., Lobova G. A., Royak M. E., Fomin A. N., 2009. Presence of oil-and-gas in the central part of the Yugorian dome. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal 31(2), 15—46 (in Russian).

Isaev V. I., Lobova G. A., Fomin A. N., 2015. Influence of paleoclimate in the geothermal regime Bazhenovo deposits of Western Siberia southeast. Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanykh i gazovykh mestorozhdeniy (3), 4—11 (in Russian).

Iskorkina A. A., Isagalieva A. K., Isaev O. S., Kosygin V. Yu., Isaev V. I., 2015. Late Pleistocene permafrost as a factor of geothermal regime and the implementation of the Bazhenov Formation neftegeneratsionnogo building (Tomsk and Novosibirsk regions). Izvestiya TPU. Inzhiniring georesursov 326(10), 6—23 (in Russian).

Kontorovich A. E., 1976. Geochemical methods of quantitative forecasting oil and gas potential. Moscow: Nedra, 248 p. (in Russian).

Kontorovich V. A., 2002. Tectonics and petroleum potential of the Mesozoic-Cenozoic deposits of the south-eastern regions of Western Siberia. Novosibirsk: Publ. SB RAS, 253 p. (in Russian).

Kontorovich V. A., Belyayev S. Yu., Kontorovich A. E., Krasavchikov V. O., Kontorovich A. A., Suprunenko O. I., 2001. Tectonic structure and history of the West Siberian geosyneclise in the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. Geologiya i geofizika 42(11-12), 1832—1845 (in Russian).

Kontorovich A. E., Burshteyn L. M., Malyshev N. A., Safronov P. I., Gus’kov S. A., Yershov S. V., Kazanenkov V. A., Kim N. S., Kontorovich V. A., Kostyreva E. A., Melenevskiy V. N., Livshits V. R., Polyakov A. A., Skvortsov M. B., 2013. Historical and geological modeling naftidogenesis processes in the Mesozoic-Cenozoic sedimentary basin of the Kara sea (basin modeling ). Geologiya i geofizika 54(8), 1179—1226 (in Russian).

Kontorovich A. E., Parparova G. M., Trushkov P. A., 1967. Metamorphism of organic matter and some oil and gas potential issues (for example, Mesozoic West Siberian Plain).Geologiya i geofizika (2), 16—29 (in Russian).

Kontorovich A. E., Fomin A. N., Krasavchikov V. O., Istomin A. V., 2009. Maturation of organic matter in the top and base of the Jurassic in the West Siberian megabasin. Geologiya i geofizika 50(11), 1191—1200 (in Russian).

Kurchikov A. R., 2001. Geothermal regime of hydrocarbon accumulations in Western Siberia. Geologiya i geofizika 42(11-12), 1846—1853 (in Russian).

Lobova G. A., Osipova E. N., Krinitsina K. A., Ostankova Yu. G., 2013a. Influence of paleoclimate in the geothermal regime and potential neftegeneratsionny Bazhenov formation (in the Tomsk region latitudes). Izvestiya TPU 322(1), 45—50 (in Russian).

Lobova G. A., Popov S. A., Fomin A. N., 2013. Localization of forecast resources of oil Jurassic-Cretaceous NGK Ust-Tym megadepression. Neftyanoye khozyaystvo (2), 36—40 (in Russian).

Lopatin N. V., 2006. Concept of oil generation-accumulative systems as the integrating principle in a substantiation of exploration. Geoinformatika (3), 101—120 (in Russian).

Osipova E. N., Lobova G. A., Isaev V. I., Starostenko V. I., 2015. Lower Oil and gas reservoirs Nurol megatrough. Izvestiya Tomskogo politekhnicheskogo universiteta 326(1), 14—33 (in Russian).

Pavlov A. V., Gravis G. F., 2000. Permafrost and modern climate. Priroda (4), 10—18 (in Russian).

Prishchepa O. M., 2011. Complex method of quantitative evaluation of oil and gas resources in the areas of oil and gas. Neftegazovaya geologiya. Teoriya i praktika 6(4). (in Russian).

Popov S. A., Isaev V. I., 2011. Modeling naftidogenesis Southern Yamal. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal 33(2), 80—104 (in Russian).

Safronov P. I., Ershov S. V., Kim N. S., Fomin A. N., 2011. Modeling of processes of generation, migration and accumulation of hydrocarbons in the Jurassic and Cretaceous complexes of the Yenisei-Khatanga Basin. Geologiya nefti i gaza (5), 48—55 (in Russian).

Starostenko V. I., 1978. Stable numerical methods in problems of gravimetry. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 228 p. (in Russian).

Fomin A. N., 2011. Catagenesis organic matter and oil and gas Mesozoic and Paleozoic deposits of the West Siberian megabasin. Novosibirsk: Publ. IPGG SB RAS, 331 p. (in Russian).

Harland W. B., Cox A. V., Llewellyn P. G., Picton C. A. G., Smith A. G., Walters R. W., 1985. A geological time scale. Moscow: Mir, 1985. 140 p. (in Russian).

Khutorskoy M. D., Podgornyy L. V., Suprunenko O. I., Kim B. I., Chernykh A. A., 2011. Termotomograficheskaya model and forecast oil and gas potential of sedimentary cover Sea shelf of the Laptev. Doklady AN 440(5), 663—668 (in Russian).

Sharbatyan A. A., 1974. Extreme geothermy and evaluation of permafrost. Moscow: Nauka, 123 p. (in Russian).

Gulenok R. Yu., Isaev V. I., Kosygin V. Yu., Lobova G. A., Starostenko V. I., 2011. Estimation of the Oil-and-Gas Potential of Sedimentary Depression in the Far East and West Siberia Based on Gravimetry and Geothermy Data. Russian J. of Pacific Geology 5(4), 273—287.

Isaev V. I. ,2013. Interpretation of High-Accuracy Gravity Exploration Data by Mathematic Programming. Russian J. of Pacific Geology 7(2), 92—106.

Isaev V. I ., Fomin A. N., 2006. Loki of generation of bazhenov- and togur-type oils in the southern Nyurol`ka megadepression. Russian Geology and Geophysics 47(6), 734—745.

Isaev V. I., Lobova G. A., Osipova E. N., 2014. The oil and gas contents of the Lower Jurassic and Achimovka reservoirs of the Nyurol’ka megadepression. Russian Geology and Geophysics 55, 1418—1428.

Isaev V. I., Volkova N. A., Nim T. V., 1996. Solution of direct invers sedimentation heat-flow problems. Geology of the Pacific Ocean 12(3), 523—536.

Tissot B., 2003. Preliminary Data on the Mechanisms and Kinetics of the Formation of Petroleum in Sediments. Computer Simulation of a Reaction Flowsheet. Oil & Gas Science and Technology 58(2), 183—202.

Vogt C., Mottaghy D., Rath V., Marquart G., Dijkshoorn L., Wolf A., Clauser C., 2014. Vertical variation in heat flow on the Kola Peninsula: palaeoclimate or fluid flow? Geophys. J. Int. 199, 829—843.



How to Cite

Isaev, V. I., Iskorkina, A. A., Lobova, G. A., & Fomin, A. N. (2016). Paleoclimate’s factors of reconstruction of thermal history of petroleum bazhenov and togur suites southeastern West Siberia. Geofizicheskiy Zhurnal, 38(4), 3–25.