Seismic process and up-to-date monitoring systems


  • V.N. Shuman S.I. Subbotin Institute of Geophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine



geomedium, seismic process, monitoring systems, precursors of destruction, dynamic systems


Within the limits of specified views on geomedium as an open hierarchically heterogeneous nonlinear dynamic system the problems of predictability of seismic process and its realization based on the data of up-to-date monitoring systems have been considered and discussed. The processes of self-organization and mechanisms of destruction sources formation in the earth’s crust are being analyzed as well as possibilities of their prediction, generation of spontaneous seismoelectromag-netic noise and obtaining information on geomedium properties, conditions of its deformation and the search of possible precursors of the active stage of destruction.It is accentuated that monitoring studies must be conducted on the complex methodic base taking into account an active role of geomedium and its special dynamic states, scale-invariant regularities of seismic process development with initiation of dissipative structures of intensification including those ones created by cooperative behavior of its subsystems. The role and importance of active monitoring of geomedium state is accentuated including its excitability control and the search of synchronization effects, development of special means of observation and data analysis.


Anishhenko V. S., NejmanA. B., Moss F., Shimanovskij-Gajer L., 1999. Stochastic resonance: noise-enhanced order. Uspehi fizicheskikh nauk 169(1), 7—38 (in Russian).

Buchachenko A. I., 2014. Magnetoplasticity and the physics of earthquake. Can a catastrophe be prevented? Uspehi fizicheskikh nauk 184(1), 101—108 (in Russian).

Chebotareva I. A., 2011. Structure and dynamics of seismic noise in geomedium fields. Experimental Methods and Results. Abstract of the thesis. Dr. phys. and math. diss. Moscow, 56 p. (in Russian).

Dmitrievskij A. N., Volodin I. A., 2006. Formation and dynamics of energy-active zones in the subsurface. Doklady RAN 411(3), 395—399 (in Russian).

Fradkov A. L., 2005. Application of cybernetical methods in physics. Uspehi fizicheskikh nauk 175(2), 113—138 (in Russian).

Genshaft Ju. S., 2009. Earth — an open system: geological and geophysical investigation. Fizika Zemli (8), 4—12 (in Russian).

Gijon Je., Mitesku K. D., Julen Zh.-P., Ru S., 1991. Fractals and percolation in porous media. Uspehi fizicheskikh nauk 161(10), 121—128 (in Russian).

Gufeld I. L., 2007. The seismic process. Physical and chemical aspects. Publisher name. Korolev, 160 p. (in Russian).

Gufeld I. L., 2013. Is it possible to forecast strong crustal earthquakes? Vestnik RAN 83(3), 236—245 (in Russian).

Gufeld I. L., Matveeva O. N., NovoselovO. N., 2011. Why we cannot predict strong earthquakes in the Earth's crust. Geodinamika i tektonofizika 2(4), 378—415 (in Russian).

IzakovM. N., 1997. Selforganisation and information for planets and ecosystems. Uspehi fizicheskikh nauk 167(10), 1087—1094 (in Russian).

Kadomtsev B. B., 1994. Dynamics Information. Uspehi fizicheskikh nauk 164(5), 449—530 (in Russian).

Klimontovich Yu. L., 1999. Entropy and information of open systems. Uspehi fizicheskikh nauk 169(4), 443—452 (in Russian).

Ljubushin A. A., 2011. Earthquake disaster in Japan on March 11 2011: Long-term prognosis of low- frequency microseisms. Geofizicheskie processy i biosfera 10(1), 9—35 (in Russian).

Loskutov A. Yu., 2010. Fascination of chaos. Uspehi fizicheskikh nauk 180(2), 1305—1329 (in Russian).

Makarov P. V., 2011. Self-organized criticality of deformable solids and media destruction and prospects forecast: Proceedings of the Intern. Conf. "Modern Problems of Applied Mathematics Mechanics. Theory, Experiment and Applications", dedicated to the 90th anniversary of academician N. N. Janenko, Novosibirsk, Russia, 30 May—4 June 2011 (in Russian).

Malineckij G. G., 1998. Chaos: puffins, paradoxes of hope. Komp'juterra (47). http://old.computerra. ru/1998/275/2064 (in Russian).

Markov P V., 2008. The mathematical theory of the evolution of loaded solids and fluids. Fizicheskaja mezomehanika 11(3), 19—35 (in Russian).

Martynov G. A., 1996. Nonequilibrimum statistical mechanics, transport equation, and the second law of thermodynamics. Uspehi fizicheskikh nauk 166(10), 1105—1133 (in Russian).

Mjachkin V. I., KostrovB. V., SobolevG. A., Shalina O. G., 1975. Fundamentals of Physics hearth and earthquake precursors. Physics of the earthquake. Moscow: Nauka, 6—29 (in Russian).

Nikolaevskij V. N., The earthquake — the harbingers of events and stroke. In: Extreme natural phenomena and catastrophes. Moscow: RAS Publ., 2011, 316—330 (in Russian).

Panin V. E., Egorushkin V. E., Panin A. V., 2012. Nonlinear wave processes in a deformable solids multiscale hierarchically organized system. Uspehi fizicheskikh nauk 182(12), 1351—1357 (in Russian).

Panteleev I. A., 2010. Scale-invariant patterns of destruction of rocks and development of seismic events. Abstract of the thesis. Cand. phys. and math. diss. Perm, 24 c. (in Russian).

Panteleev I. A., Plekhov O. A., Naimark O. B., 2013. Model of geomedia containing defects: collective effects of defects evolution during formation of potential earthquake foci. Geodinamika i tektonofizika 4 (1), 37—51 (in Russian).

Rebetskiy Yu. L., 2007a. Condition and problems of theories of earthquakes prediction. Analysis of bases from position of appointed approach. Geofizicheskij zhurnal 29(4), 102—120 (in Russian).

Rebetskiy Yu. L., 2007b. New data on natural strains within the area of preparation for strong earthquake. The model of the earthquake source. Geofizicheskij zhurnal 29(6), 96—115 (in Russian).

Rumanov E. N., 2013. Critical phenomena far from equilibrium. Uspehi fizicheskikh nauk 183(1), 103—112 (in Russian).

Sadovsky M. A., 2004. Geophysics and Phesics of Explosion. Moscow: Nauka, 440 p. (in Russian).

Shapoval A. B., 2011. Questions predictability in isotropic models with self-organized criticality. Abstract of the thesis. Dr. phys. and math. diss. Moscow, 35 p. (in Russian).

Shuman V N., 2011. Geomedium as an open nonlinear dissipative dynamic system — the problem of identification, possibly of control, forecast evolution (Review). Geofizicheskij zhurnal 33(5), 35—50 (in Russian).

Shuman V N., 2013a. On the problem of background electromagnetic — acoustic regulation of seismic activity: geo-engineering aspect. Geofizicheskij zhurnal 35(1), 46—60 (in Russian).

Shuman V N., 2014. High-frequency spontaneous electromagnetic noise of lithosphereand tomographic systems. Geofizicheskij zhurnal 36(1), 43—63 (in Russian).

Shuman V. N., 2013b. On phenomenological models and seismic activity prediction:whether pessimism is legitimate or hopes are substantiated. Geofizicheskij zhurnal 35(2), 24—37 (in Russian).

Strakhov V. N., Savin M. G., 2013 a. Seismic hazard reduction: lost opportunities. Geofizicheskij zhurnal 35(1), 4—11 (in Russian).

Strakhov V. N., Savin M. G., 20136. On scientific of shortterm earthquake prediction. Geofizicheskij zhurnal 35(2), 18—23 (in Russian).

Strakhov V. N., Savin M. G., 2013B. On seismic activity control. Geofizicheskij zhurnal 35(6), 3—9 (in Russian).

Trofimenko S. V., 2011. Structure and dynamics of geophysical fields and seismic processes in crustal block model. Abstract of the thesis. Dr. geol. and min. sci. diss. Tomsk, 36 p. (in Russian).

Zhurkov S. N., 1968. Kinetic concept of fracture of solids. Vestnik AN SSSR (3), 46—52 (in Russian).



How to Cite

Shuman, V. (2014). Seismic process and up-to-date monitoring systems. Geofizicheskiy Zhurnal, 36(4), 50–64.