Spatiotemporal correlations between traps, carbonatites and kimberlites


  • O. V. Aryasova Institute of Geophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • Ya. M. Khazan Institute of Geophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine



Based upon the most complete modern plateau basalt, carbonatite and kimberlite databases, we show the existence of spatiotemporal correlations between these three types of intraplate magmatism. These correlations are evident everywhere in Eurasia and Africa but they are absent in North America. A probable cause of such correlations is an interaction of a giant plume «head» with the lithosphere, which generates almost simultaneous magmatic activity over a territory of a few thousand kilometers across with magma volume and composition depending on the tectonic structure and thermal state of lithosphere. A distinction of Eurasia and Africa on one side and North America on the other is probably related to the fact that during the last 350 M years North America in contrast to Eurasia and Africa were not situated above the African and Pacific zones of plume generation.


Агашев А. М., Орихаши Ю., Ватанабе Т., Похиленко Н. П., Серенко В. П. Изотопно-геохимическая характеристика кимберлитов сибирской платформы в связи с проблемой их происхождения // Геология и геофизика. - 2000. - 41. - С. 90- 99.

Белов С. В., Лапин А. В., Толстов А. В., Фролов А. А. Минерагения платформенного магматизма (траппы, карбонатиты, кимберлиты). - Новосибирск: Изд. СО РАН, 2008. - 537 с.

Гейко Ю. В., Гурский Д. С., Лыков Л. И., Металили В. С., Павлюк В. Н., Приходько В. Л., Цымбал С. Н., Шимкив Л. М. Перспективы коренной алмазоносности Украины. - Киев-Львов: Центр Европы, 2006. - 223 с.

Костровицкий С. И., Морикио Т., Серов И. В., Яковлев Д. А., Амирджанов А. А. Изотопно-геохимическая систематика кимберлитов Сибирской платформы // Геология и геофизика. - 2007. - 48, № 3. - С. 350-371.

Сафонов О. Г., Перчук Л. Л. Карбонатит-кимберлитовые тренды в хлорид-карбонат-силикатных системах в условиях верхней мантии / Физико-химические факторы петро- и рудогенеза: новые рубежи. Матер. конф., посвященной 110-летию со дня рождения академика Д. С. Коржинского. - Москва: ИГЕМ РАН (7-9 октября 2009 г.), 2009. - С. 351-355.

Харькив А. Д., Зинчук Н. Н., Крючков А. И. Алмазные месторождения мира. - Москва: Недра, 1998. - 554 с.

Becker M., le Roex A. P. Geochemistry of South African on- and off-craton, Group I and Group II kimberlites: petrogenesis and source region evolution // J. Petrology. - 2006. - 47. - Р. 673-703.

Becker T. W., Boschi L. A comparison of tomographic and geodynamic mantle models // Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. - 2002. - 3, № 1. - 1003. - doi: 10.1029/2001GC000168.

Boschi L., Becker T. W., Steinberger B. Mantle plumes: dynamic models and seismic images // Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. - 2007. - 8. - Q10006.- doi: 10.1029/2007GC001733.

Bell K., Simonetti A. Source of parental melts to carbonatites-critical isotopic constraints // Miner Petrol. - 2010. - 98. - P. 77-89.

Bell K., Tilton G. R. Nd, Pb and Sr isotopic compositions of East African carbonatites: evidence for mantle mixing and plume inhomogeneity // J. Petrology. - 2001. - 42. - P. 1927-1945.

Bell K., Tilton G. R. Probing the mantle: the story from carbonatites // EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union. - 2002. - 83, № 25. - P. 273-277.

Burke K., Steinberger B., Torsvik T. H., Smethurst M. A. Plume generation zones at the margins of large low shear velocity provinces on the core-mantle boundary // Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. - 2008. - 265. - P. 49-60.

Chalapathi Rao N. V., Lehmann B. Kimberlites, flood basalts and mantle plumes: New insights from the Deccan Large Igneous Province // Earth. Sci. Rev. - 2011. - 107. - P. 315-324.

Crough S. T. Mesozoic hotspot epeirogeny in Eastern North America // Geology. - 1981. - 9. - P. 2-6.

Crough S. T., Morgan W. J., Hargraves R. B. Kimberlites: their relation to mantle hotspots // Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. - 1980. - 50. - P. 260-274.

Dickin A. Radiogenic isotope geology. - Cambridge: University Press, 2005. - 492 p.

Ebinger C., Djomani Y. P., Mbede E., Foster A., Dawson J. B. Rifting Archean lithosphere: the Eyasi-Manuara-Matrion rifts, East Africa // J. Geol. Soc. London. - 1997. - 154. - P. 947-961.

Ernst R. E., Bell K. Large igneous provinces (LIPs) and carbonatites // Miner. Petrol. - 2010. - 98. - P. 55-76.

Faure S. World Kimberlites CONSOREM Database (Version 3) / Consortium de Recherche en Exploration Minerale CONSOREM, Universite du Quebece Montreal. - 2010. -

Gibson S. A., Thompson R. N., Leonardos O. H., Dickin A. P., Mitchell J. G. The Late Cretaceous impact of the Trindade Mantle Plume: evidence from large-volume, mafic, potassic magmatism in SE Brazil // J. Petrol. - 1995. - 36. - P. 189-229.

Kogarko L. N., Lahaye Y., Brey G. P. Plume-related mantle source of super-large rare metal deposits from the Lovozero and Khibina massifs on the Kola Peninsula, Eastern part of Baltic Shield: Sr, Nd and Hf isotope systematics // Miner Petrol. - 2010. - 98. - P. 197-208.

Norton G., Pinkerton H. Rheological properties of natrocarbonatite lavas from Oldoinyo Lengai, Tanzania // Eur. J. Mineral. - 1997. - 9. - P. 351-364.

Rogers N. W. Basaltic magmatism and the geodynamics of the East African Rift System / Eds. Yirgu G., Ebinger C. J., Maguire P. K. H. // The Afar volcanic province within the East African rift system. - London: Geolog. Soc. Spec. Publ., 2006. - 259. - P. 77-93.

Safonov O. G., Kamenetsky V. S., Perchuk L. L. Links between carbonatite and kimberlite melts in chloride-carbonate-silicate systems: experiments and application to natural assemblages // J. Petrology. - 2011. - 52. - Р. 1307-1331.

Smith C. B., Gurney J. J., Skinner E. M. W., Clement C. R., Ebrahim N. Geochemical character of the southern African kimberlites: a new approach based on isotopic constraints // Transactions Geol. Soc. South Africa. - 1985. - 88. - P. 267-280.

Torsvik T. H., Burke K., Steinberger B., Webb S. J., Ashwal L. D. Diamonds sampled by plumes from the core-mantle boundary // Nature. - 2010. - 466. - P. 352-357.

Torsvik T. H., Smethurst M. A., Burke K., Steinberger B. Large igneous provinces generated from the margins of the large low-velocity provinces in the deep mantle // Geophys. J. Int. - 2006. - 167. - P. 1447-1460.

Turner S., Hawkesworth C., Gallagher K., Stewart K., Peate D., Mantovani M. Mantle plumes, flood basalts, and thermal models for melt generation beneath continents: Assessment of a conductive heating model and application to the Parana // J. Geophys. Res. - 1996. - 101. - P. 11503-11518.

Weeraratne D. S., Forsyth D. W., Fischer K. M., Nyblade A. A. Evidence for an upper mantle plume beneath the Tanzanian craton from Rayleigh wave tomography // J. Geophys. Res. - 2003. - 108, № B9. - 2427. - doi:10.1029/2002JB002273.

White R., McKenzie D. Mantle plumes and flood basalts // J. Geophys. Res. - 1995. - 100. - P. 17543-17585.

Woolley A. R., Kjarsgaard B. A. Carbonatite occurrences of the world: map and database. Geological Survey of Canada. Open File 5796. - 2008. -



How to Cite

Aryasova, O. V., & Khazan, Y. M. (2012). Spatiotemporal correlations between traps, carbonatites and kimberlites. Geofizičeskij žurnal, 34(4), 70–77.