A procedure of automatic evaluation of residual statistic adjustments for increasing information value of exploration seismology data


  • A.O. Verpakhovska Subbotin Institute of Geophysics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • G.D. Lesnoy GeoUnit, Ukraine
  • A.I. Polunin GeoUnit, Ukraine




In present-day seismic exploration the quality of the observed wave field that guarantees obtaining the most exact and complete information on the structure of the studied area plays an important role. Therefore much attention is paid to elaboration of procedures for elimination of different noises and distortions present in the registered data. They include correction of statics or calculation and maintenance of static adjustments with taking into account the influence of small velocities zone (SVZ) and locality relief at each station of reception and explosion along the profile or observation area to the form of hodograph.

A procedure of automatic finding of residual statistic corrections based on usage of seismograms of equal distances and first wave arrivals without conducting their correlations that gives a possibility to exclude the effect of operator mistakes to the result has been considered. A theory has been proposed with algorithm consisting of putting in the observed wave fields, assortment of paths, finding temporal shifts by equidistant paths and computation of correcting adjustments for all the sources and receivers and the programming realization of finding the residual statistic corrections as a new interactive program corst3D, aimed at increasing the level of studies of structure of geological medium of different complexity by the data of both 2D and 3D seismic exploration. Effectiveness of the given procedure at the real data of seismic exploration for improvement of their quality and as a result for rising information value of their processing and interpretation has been shown together with colleagues of «GEOUNIT» company.


Ampilov, Yu.P. (2008). From seismic interpretation to modeling and appraisal of oil-and-gas fields. Moscow: Spektr, 384 p. (in Russian).

Boganik, G.N., & Gurvich, I.I. (2006). Seismic exploration: Textbook for universities. Tver: AIS, 744 p. (in Russian).

Verpakhovskaya, A.O. (2014). Kinematic migration of the field of refracted waves while the image of environment is being formed according to DSS data. Geofizicheskiy Zhurnal, 36(6), 153-164. https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.0203-3100.v36i6.2014.111054 (in Russian).

Verpakhovskaya, A.O., Pilipenko, V.N., & Budkevich, V.B. (2015). 3D finite-difference migration of the field of refracted waves. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal, 37(3), 50-65. https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.0203-3100.v37i3.2015.111102 (in Russian).

Vyzhva, S.A., Lisny, G.D., & Kruglyk, V.M. (2016). Use of graphic processors for construction of the geological media seismic images. Visnyk Kyyivskoho universytetu. Ser. Heolohiya, (4), 45-49. http://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2713.75.07 (in Ukrainian).

Vyzhva, S., Solovyov, I., Kruhlyk, V., & Lisny, G. (2019). Use of the technology of interactive classification of geological bodies for gas deposits forecasting in eastern Ukraine. Visnyk Kyyivskoho universytetu. Ser. Heolohiya, (4), 45-49. http://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2713.84.10 (in Ukrainian).

Glogovskiy, V.M., & Khachatryan, A.R. (1984). Correction of static corrections without distorting the kinematic parameters of the reflected waves. Geologiya i Geofizika, (10), 54-63 (in Russian).

Dyadyura V.A., Budkevich V.B. (2005). Determi-nation of corrective static corrections for ensembles of equidistant 3D seismic traces. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov UkrGGRI, (3), 71-83 (in Russian).

Levyant, V.B., Ampilov, Yu.P., Glogovskiy, V.M., Kolesov, V.V., & Ptetsov, S.N. (2006). Methodological recommendations on the use of seismic data (2D, 3D) for calculating oil-and-gas reserves. Moscow: MPR, 66 p. (in Russian).

Marple, Jr. S.L. (1990). Digital spectral analysis and its applications. Moscow: Mir, 536 p. (in Russian).

Pilipenko, V.N., Verpakhovskaya, A.O., & Budkevich, V.B. (2016). Three-dimensional temporal migration according to initial data of areal seismic exploration. Geofizicheskiy zhurnal, 38(1), 43-56. https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.0203-3100.v38i1.2016.1077212 (in Russian).

Pilipenko, V.N., Verpakhovskaya, A.O., Pilipenko, E.V., & Sidorenko, G.D. (2013). Cluster calculations for the implementation of procedures for the migration of original seismograms and wavefield modeling. Conference Proceedings, 12th EAGE International Conference on Geoinformatics - Theoretical and Applied Aspects, May 2013. https://doi.org/10. 3997/2214-4609.20142419.

Hileman, J.A., Embree, P., & Pflueger, J.C. (1968), Automated static corrections. Geophysical Prospecting, 16(3), 326-358. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2478.1968.tb01980.x.

Marsden, D. (1993). Static corrections - a review. The Leading Edge, 12(3), 210-216. https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1436944.

Pylypenko, V.N., Verpakhovska, О.O., Starostenko, V.I., & Pavlenkova, N.I. (2011). Wave images of the crustal structure from refraction and wide-angle reflection migrations along the DOBRE profile (Dnieper-Donets paleorift). Tectonophysics, 508(1-4), 96-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2010.11.009.

Welch, B.B., Jones, K., & Hobbs, J. (2003). Practical Programming in Tcl and Tk. Fourth Edition. Prentice Hall PTR - Pearson Education Inc. 960 p.

Wiggins, R.A., Larner, K.L., & Wisecup, R.D. (1976). Residual static analysis as a general linear inverse problem. Geophysics, 41(5), 922-938. https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1440672.

Verpakhovska, A., Pylypenko, V., Yegorova, T., & Murovskaya, A. (2018). Seismic image of the crust on the PANCAKE profile across the UKRAINIAN CARPATHIANS from the migration method. Journal of Geodynamics, 121, 76-87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jog.2018.07.006.



How to Cite

Verpakhovska, A. ., Lesnoy, G. ., & Polunin, A. . (2021). A procedure of automatic evaluation of residual statistic adjustments for increasing information value of exploration seismology data. Geofizičeskij žurnal, 43(2), 14–27. https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.v43i2.230188