Density heterogeneity of the Earth’s crust of Ukraine and adjacent territories from three-dimensional gravity modelling

Authors

  • I.B. Makarenko Subbotin Institute of Geophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.v43i2.230190

Abstract

The work was performed to study the density heterogeneity of the crust of Ukraine and adjacent regions analyzing detailed 3D gravity models of the following tectonic regions and separate structures: Dnieper-Donets Basin and Donbas, Ingulsky megablock, Golovanivska suture zone, latitudinal zones of fractures of the Ukrainian Shield, Black Sea megadepression and surrounding areas. The models are constructed on the basis of geological, petrophysical and seismic data along geotravers, DSS profiles, the modern WARR methodsand are calculated using the automated software complex for interpretation of potential fields GMT-Auto. As a result, new information was obtained for the density distribution in the whole Earth’s crust.The density distributions construct for the entire crust of Ukraine and adjacent regions at certain depths (surface of the basement, 10, 20, 30 km, Moho discontinuity). The thickness was determined for conditionally distinguished «granite», «diorite», «basalt» layers of the Earth’s crust and crust-mantle mixture within the whole region of the study. Its values are graphically represented by isolines on the respective schematical maps. The resulting density inhomogeneity became the basis for constructing, for the first time in a three-dimensional version, a scheme for the predictive composition of the Earth’s crust with typification according to the power ratios of its constituent layers. The heterogeneity of the present-day consolidated crust of the whole study area is characterized by granitic, granitic-dioritic, dioritic and basaltoid types. To clearly identify the dismemberment of the lower layer of the crust which is considered inseparable by the classification of the DSS method the basaltoid type is divided into 3 subtypes. The subtype 1 with a content of 40—70 % of basalt, subtype 2, where concent-ration of basalt increases to 70—90 % and subtype 3, which is composed only of basalt.It has been established that the basicity of the Earth’s crust of the USh changes from west to east, respectively, from basalt to diorite type. Decrease in crustal basicity is also observed in suture zones, namely from diorite and basaltoid typein Golovanivskii suture to basaltoid and diorite type in the Inguletsko-Kryvorizckii suture and diorite type in the Orikhivsko-Pavlogradskii suture. In the DDB the crustal basicity increases from northwest to southeast in accordance with the segmentation of this feature. The basaltoid type of the crust is predominant in the Black Sea megadepression and adjacent territories. For the first time, a type of crust was identified that does not coincide with the known ones and is characterized by the presence in the section of the «basalt» and «granite» layers (with a zero or very low «diorite» thickness). A similar type of bark is present in the Ingul megablock of the USh, in the northern side zone of the DDB, as well as in the Black Sea megadepression.

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Published

2021-06-03

How to Cite

Makarenko, I. . (2021). Density heterogeneity of the Earth’s crust of Ukraine and adjacent territories from three-dimensional gravity modelling. Geofizičeskij žurnal, 43(2), 45–95. https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.v43i2.230190

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