Significance of the Ukrainian loess-palaeosol sequences for Pleistocene climate reconstructions: rock magnetic, palaeosol and pollen proxies

Authors

  • D. V. Hlavatskyi  Subbotin Institute of Geophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • N.P. Gerasimenko Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine
  • V.G. Bakhmutov Subbotin Institute of Geophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • O.S. Bonchkovskyi Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine
  • I.B. Poliachenko Subbotin Institute of Geophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • V.V. Shpyra Subbotin Institute of Geophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • S.V. Mychak Subbotin Institute of Geophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine
  • I.V. Kravchuk Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine
  • S.I. Cherkes Subbotin Institute of Geophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.v43i3.236378

Keywords:

loess-palaeosol sequence, rock magnetism, magnetic susceptibility, palaeopedology, palynology, palaeoclimate, stratigraphic correlation

Abstract

Variations of rock magnetic parameters in loess-palaeosol sequences, related to climatic and environmental conditions during their formation, are a powerful tool for palaeoclimate reconstruction. Combined enviromagnetic study of loess deposits in Ukraine and its assessment for the palaeoreconstruction purposes are carried out in the framework of the National Research Foundation of Ukraine project 2020.02/0406 ‘Magnetic proxies of palaeoclimatic changes in the loess-palaeosol sequences of Ukraine’. Environmental/climatic reconstructions of the past are fulfilled using a significant number of palaeoindicators: morphology and lithological properties of palaeosols and loesses, their pollen assemblages and a wide range of magnetic characteristics. In this paper, we present a multi-proxy approach to palaeoenvironmental reconstructions, and introduce preliminary results obtained from magnetic susceptibility of loess-palaeosol sequences in the northern (at Vyazivok), central (Stari Kaydaky) and southern (Roksolany) parts of the Ukrainian loess belt. The amplitudes of palaeoclimate change established using magnetic proxies are well correlated with the lithological, palaeopedological and palynological patterns of the sites, and with the global oxygen-isotope scale (MIS). Ongoing studies of the Stari Kaydaky section confirm the correlation of the Upper Zavadivka (S3) soil unit and Lower Zavadivka (S4) soil unit with MIS 9 and MIS 11, respectively (this was proved earlier at the Vyazivok and Roksolany sites). The underlying Lubny (S5) pedocomplex likely corresponds to MIS 13, and the Martonosha (S6) pedocomplex to MIS 15. Palaeomagnetic investigations at Stari Kaydaky have not so far reached the Lower Shyrokyne unit, in which the Matuyama—Brunhes boundary has been detected at Roksolany and Vyazivok. The Upper Shyrokyne (S7S1) palaeosol unit has normal polarity and is preliminarily correlated with MIS 17.

References

An, Z. S., Liu, T. S., Zhu, Y. Z., & Sun, F. (1987). The paleosol complex S5 in the China Loess Plateau — a record of climatic optimum during the last 1.2 Ma. Geojournal, 15, 141—143. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00157939.

Bakhmutov, V. G., Mokriak, I. N., Skarboviychuk, T. V., & Yakukhno, V. I. (2005). Results of palaeomagnetic studies of Danube terraces sections and problems of Pleistocene magnetostratigraphy of the west Black Sea region. Geofizicheskiy Zhurnal, 25(6), 980—991 (in Russian).

Bakhmutov, V. G., & Hlavatskyi, D. V. (2014). New data about Matuyama—Brunhes boundary in Roxolany section. Geological Journal, 347(2), 73—84. http://dx.doi.org/10.30836/igs.1025-6814.2014.2.139072 (in Russian).

Bakhmutov, V. G., & Glavatskіy, D. V. (2016). Problems of magnetostratigraphy of Pleistocene loess-soil deposits in the South of Ukraine. Geofizicheskiy Zhurnal, 38(4), 59—75. https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.0203-3100.v38i4.2016.107801 (in Russian).

Bakhmutov, V. G., Kazanskii, A. Yu., Matasova, G. G., & Glavatskii, D. V. (2017). Rock magnetism and magnetostratigraphy of the loess-sol series of Ukraine (Roksolany, Boyanychi, and Korshev sections). Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth, 53(6), 864—884. https://doi.org/10.1134/S1069351317050020.

Bogucki, A. (1986). Quaternary cover sediments in Volyn-Podillia. In: D. E. Makarenko (Ed.), Quaternary deposits of Ukraine (pp. 121—132). Kiev: Naukova Dumka (in Russian).

Bogucki, A., Gozhik, P., Łanczont, M., Madejska, T., & Yeovicheva, J. (Eds.). (2013). Proceeding of the XVIII Ukrainain-Polish Workshop 8—13 September 2013. Lublin: KARTPOL s. c. Lublin (in Ukrainian and Polish).

Bogucki, A., Voloshyn, P., & Tomeniuk, O. (2014). The colapsibility of Pleistocene loess-paleosols and cryogenic levels. Przegląd Geoloczny, 62(2), 553—559 (in Polish).

Boguckyj, A., & Łanczont, M. (2002). Loess stratigraphy in the Halyc Prydniestrov’ja region. Studia Geologica Polonica, 119, 315—327 (in Polish).

Boguckyj, A. B., Łanczont, M., Łącka, B., Madeyska, T., & Nawrocki, J. (2009). Quaternary sediment sequence at Skala Podil’ska, Dniester Ri¬¬ver basin (Ukraine): Preliminary results of mul¬ti-proxy analyses. Quaternary Internatio¬nal, 198, 173—194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2008.05.010.

Bokhorst, M., Beets, C., Marković, S. B., Gerasimenko, N. P., Matviishina, Z. N., & Frechen, M. (2009). Pedochemical climate proxies in Late Pleistocene loess-soil sequences. Quaternary International, 198(1), 113—123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2008.09.003.

Bolikhovskaya, N. S., & Molodkov, A. N. (2006). East European loess-palaeosol sequences: Palynology, stratigraphy and correlation. Quaternary International, 149, 24—36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2005.11.015.

Bonchkovskyi, O. S. (2019). Changes in pedogenic processes during Pryluky times (Late Pleistocene) in the central part of the Volyn Upland. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 28(2), 230—240. https://doi.org/10.15421/111924.

Bonchkovskyi, O. (2020a). The loess-palaeosol sequence of Novyi Tik: a new Middle and Upper Pleistocene record for Volyn’ Upland (north-west Ukraine). Quaternaire, 31(4), 281—308. https://doi.org/10.4000/quaternaire.14308.

Bonchkovskyi, O. S. (2020b). Smykiv — the new key section of the Upper Pleistocene of the Volyn Upland. Visnyk of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Ser. Geology. Geography. Ecology, 53, 25—44 (in Ukrainian).

Bondar, K., & Ridush, B. (2015). Rockmagnetic and palaeomagnetic studies of unconsolidated sediments of Bukovynka Cave (Chernivtsi region, Ukraine). Quaternary International, 357, 125—135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2014.04.025.

Bondar, K., Ridush, B., Baryshnikova, M., & Popiuk, Y. (2019). On palaeomagnetic dating of fluvial deposits in the section of Neporotove gravel quarry on the Middle Dniester. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 28(2), 241—249. https://doi.org/10.15421/111925.

Bradák, B., Seto, Y.,& Nawrocki, J. (2019). Significant pedogenic and palaeoenvironmental changes during the early Middle Pleistocene in Central Europe. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 534, 109335. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2019.109335.

Bradák, B., Seto, Y., Stevens, T., Újvári, G., Fehér, K., & Költringer, C. (2021). Magnetic susceptibility in the European Loess Belt: New and existing models of magnetic enhancement in loess. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimato¬lo¬gy, Pa¬¬laeo-ecology, 569, 110329. https://doi.org/10. 1016/j. palaeo.2021.110329.

Buggle, B., Glaser, B., Zöller, L., Hambach, U., Mar¬ković, S., Glaser, I., & Gerasimenko, N. (2008). Geochemical characterization and origin of Southeastern and Eastern European loesses (Serbia, Romania, Ukraine). Quaternary Science Reviews, 27, 1058—1075. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2008.01.018.

Buggle, B., Hambach, B., Glaser, B., Gerasimenko, N., Marković, S., Glaser, I. & Zöller, L. (2009). Stratigraphy, and spatial and temporal paleoclimatic trends in Southeastern/Eastern European loess—paleosol sequences. Quaternary International, 196, 86—106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2008.07.013.

Buggle, B., Hambach, U., Kehl, M., Marković, S. B., Zoller, L., & Glaser, B. (2013). The progressive evolution of a continental climate in SE-Central European lowlands during the Middle Pleistocene recorded in loess paleosol sequences. Geology, 41, 771—774. https://doi.org/10.1130/G34198.1.

Butler, R. F. (1992). Paleomagnetism: magnetic domains to geologic terranes. Boston: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 319 p.

Chadima, M., & Hrouda, F. (2006). Remasoft 3.0 a user-friendly paleomagnetic data browser and analyzer. Travaux Geophysiques, 27, 20—21.

Chen, J., Yang, T., Matishov, G. G., Velichko, A. A., Zeng, B., He, Y., Shi, P., Fan, Z., Titov, V. V., Borisova, O. K., Timireva, S. N., Konstantinov, E. A., Kononov, Y. M., Kurbanov, R. N., Panin, P. G., & Chubarov, I. G. (2018). A luminescence dating study of loess deposits from the Beglitsa section in the Sea of Azov, Russia. Quaternary International, 478, 27—37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2017.11.017.

Chmielowska, D., & Woronko, B. (2019). A source of loess-like deposits and their attendant palaeoenvironment — Orava Basin, Western Ca¬rpathian Mountains, S Poland. Aeolian Research, 38, 60—76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aeolia.2019.04.003.

Clemens, S. C., Prell, W. L., Sun, Y., Liu, Z., & Chen, G. (2008). Southern Hemisphere forcing of Pliocene δ18O and the evolution of Indo-Asian monsoons. Palaeoceanography, 23, PA4210. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2008PA001638.

Doroshkevych, S. P. (2018). Pleistocene palaeoenvironment in Middle Pobuzhzhia: according to the study of buried soils. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 176 p. (in Ukrainian).

Ehlers, J., Gibbard, P. L., & Hughes, P. D. (2011). Quaternary Glaciations — Extent and Chronology. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1126 p.

Evans, M., & Heller, F. (2001). Magnetism of loess/palaeosoil sequences: recent development. Earth-Science Reviews, 54, 129—144. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0012-8252(01)00044-7.

Evans, M. E., & Heller, F. (2003). Environmental Magnetism. Principles and Applications of Enviromagnetics. Academic Press. 299 p.

Fitzsimmons, K. E., Marković, S. B., & Hambach, U. (2012). Pleistocene environmental dynamics recorded in the loess of the middle and lower Danube basin. Quaternary Science Reviews, 41, 104—118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.03.002.

Forster, T., & Heller, F. (1994). Paleomagnetism of loess deposits from the Tajik depression (central Asia). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 128, 501—512. https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(94)90166-X.

Gendler, T. S., Heller, F., Tsatskin, A., Spassov, S., Du Pasquier, J., & Faustov, S. S. (2006). Roxolany and Novaya Etuliya — key sections in the western Black Sea loess area: Magnetostratigraphy, rock magnetism, and paleopedology. Quaternary International, 152-153, 78—93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2006.01.001.

Gerasimenko, N. (2001). Upper Pleistocene loess-palaeosol and vegetational successions in the Middle Dnieper Area, Ukraine. Studia Quaternaria, 17, 19—28.

Gerasimenko, N. P. (2004). Quaternary Evolution of Zonal Paleoecosystems in Ukraine. Kyiv: Institute of Geography NASU (in Ukrainian).

Gerasimenko, N. (2006). Upper Pleistocene loess-palaeosol and vegetational successions in the Middle Dnieper Area, Ukraine. Quaternary International, 149, 55—66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2005.11.018.

Gerasimenko, N., & Matvijishyna, Zh. (2007). The problems of Zavadiv «great interglacial». In: A. Bogucki, P. Gozhik, M. Łanczont, L. Lindner, J. Yelovicheva (Eds.), Problems of Middle Pleistocene interglacial. Proceeding of the XIV Ukrainian-Polish Workshop 12—16 September 2007 (pp. 194—206). Lviv: Vydavnychyi tsentr LNU imeni Ivana Franka (in Ukrainian).

Gerasimenko, N. P. (2020). Quaternary palaeogeography of Ukraine (palaeolandscapes). Kyiv: Print-Service (in Ukrainian).

Gozhik, P., Shelkoplyas, V., & Khristoforova, T. (1995). Development stages of loessial and glacial formations in Ukraine (Stratigraphy of loesses in Ukraine). Annales UMCS Section B, 50, 65—74.

Gozhik, P. F., Shelkoplyas, V. N., Komar, M. S., Matviishyna, Z. M., & Perederiy, V. I. (2000). Guide X of the Polish-Ukrainian Seminar «Correlation of loesses and ice deposits». Kyiv: Institute of Geological Sciences of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (in Ukrainian).

Gozhik, P., Matviishina, Zh., Shelkoplyas, V., Palienko, V., Rekovets, L., Gerasimenko, N., & Korniets, N. (2001). The Upper and Middle Pleistocene of Ukraine. In: The Ukraine Quaternary explored: The Middle and Upper Pleistocene of the Middle Dnieper Area and its importance for the East-West correlation (pp. 32—33). Kyiv: IGS NASU.

Gozhik, P., Komar, M., Krokhmal, O., Shovkoplias, V., Khrystoforova, T., Dykan, N., & Prylypko, S. (2007). The key section of Neopleistocene subaerial deposits near Roxolany village (Odessa region). Institute of Geological Sciences of NAS of Ukraine. In: Problemy serednoplejstocenogo interglacialu (pp. 109—128). Lviv: Vydavnychyi tsentr LNU imeni Ivana Franka (in Ukrainian).

Gozhik, P. F., & Gerasimenko, N. P. (2011). The lower and middle Pleistocene of Ukraine. In: N. P. Gerasimenko, P. F. Gozhik, N. I. Dykan, Zh. M. Matviishyna, V. M. Shelkoplyas, B. D. Voz¬grin (Eds.), Quaternary studies in Uk¬raine (pp. 9—26). Kyiv: Institute of Geological Sciences NASU.

Gozhik, P. F. (Ed.). (2012). Stratigraphic code of Ukraine. Kyiv: National Stratigraphic Committee of Ukraine (in Ukrainian).

Guo, Z., Berger, A., Yin, Q. Z., & Quin, L. (2009). Strong asymmetry of hemispheric climates during MIS-13 inferred from correlating China loess and Antarctica ice records. Climate of the Past, 5, 21—31. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-5-21-2009.

Haase, D., Fink, J., Haase, G., Ruske, R., Pesci, M., Ri¬chter, H., Altermann, M., & Jager, K.-D. (2007).

Loess in Europe — Its spatial distributi¬on based on a European Loess Map, scale 1:2,500,000. Quaternary Science Reviews, 26, 1301—1312. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2007.02.003.

Haesaerts, P., Borziak, Il., Chirica, V., Damblon, F., Koulakovska, L., & Van Der Plicht, J. (2003). The East-Carpathian loess record: a reference for the Middle and Late Pleniglacial stratigraphy in Central Europe. Quaternaire, 14(3), 163—188.

Haesaerts, P., Gerasimenko, N., Damblon, F., Spagna, P., & Pirson, S. (2016). The Late Pleisto¬cene loess-palaeosol sequence of Middle Belgium. Quaternary International, 411, 1—19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2016.02.012.

Haesaerts, P., Gerasimenko, N., Damblon, F., Yurchenko, T., Kulakovska, L., Usik, V., & Ridush, B. (2019). The Upper Paleolithic site Doroshivtsi III: a new chronostratigraphic and environmental record of the Late Pleniglacial in the regional context of the Middle Dniester-Prut loess domain (Western Ukraine). Quaternary International, 546, 196—215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2019.12.018.

Head, M. J., & Gibbard, P. L. (2015). Early—Middle Pleistocene transitions: linking terres¬trial and marine realms. Quaternary Internatio¬nal, 389, 7—46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2015. 09.042.

Heller, F., & Liu, T. (1984). Magnetism of Chinese loess deposites. Geophysical Journal International, 77, 125—141. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246X.1984.tb01928.x.

Hlavatskyi, D., Bakhmutov, V., Bogucki, A., & Voloshyn, P. (2016a). Petromagnetism and paleomagnetism of subaerial deposits of Boyanychi and Korshiv sections (Volhynian Upland). Visnyk of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv: Geology, 72(1), 43—51. https://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2713.72.06 (in Ukrainian).

Hlavatskyi, D. V., Kuzina, D. M., Gerasimenko, N. P., & Bakhmutov, V. G. (2016b). Petro¬mag¬netism and paleomagnetism of Quaternary loess-soil sediments of Vyazivok section (Dnieper Lowland). Geofizicheskiy Zhurnal, 38(6), 186—193. https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh. 0203-3100.v38i6.2016.91903 (in Russian).

Hlavatskyi, D. V. (2019). Refined magnetostratigraphic position of the Shyrokyne unit in loess sequences from Central Ukraine. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 28(2), 301—312. https://doi.org/10.15421/111930.

Hlavatskyi, D. V., & Bakhmutov, V. G. (2019). Mag¬netostratigraphy of the key loess-palae¬sol sequence at Roxolany (Western Black Sea re¬gi¬on). In: D. Nurgaliev, V. Shcherbakov, A. Kos¬te¬rov, S. Spassov (Eds.), Recent Advances in Rock Magnetism, Environmental Magnetism and Paleomagnetism (pp. 371—382). Springer Geophysics. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90437-5_26.

Hlavatskyi, D. V., & Bakhmutov, V. G. (2020). Magnetostratigraphy and magnetic susceptibility of the best developed Pleistocene loess-palaeosol sequences of Ukraine: implications for correlation and proposed chronostratigraphic models. Geological Quarterly, 64(3), 723—753. https://doi.org/10.7306/gq.1544.

Hlavatskyi, D., Gerasimenko, N., Bakhmutov, V., Bonchkovskyi, O., Poliachenko, I., Shpyra, V., Kravchuk, I., & Cherkes, S. (2021a). Reconstruc¬tion of the Pleistocene climate change in the Middle Dnieper area on the basis of rock magnetic, palaeopedological and pollen studies of two reference loess-palaeosol sequences. EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19—30 April 2021, EGU21-1758. https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-1758.

Hlavatskyi, D. V., Stepanchuk, V. N., Kuzina, D. M., Poliachenko, I. B., Shpyra, V. V., Skarboviychuk, T. V., Yakukhno, V. I., & Bakhmutov, V. G. (2021b). Rock magnetic and palaeomagnetic studies of loess-palaesol sections — Lower Palaeolithic sites within the Southern Bug Valley (Medzhybizh, Holovchyntsi). Geofizicheskiy Zhurnal, 43(1), 3—37. https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.0203-3100.v43i1.2021.225539 (in Russian).

Jordanova, D., & Petersen, N. (1999). Paleoclimatic record from a loess—soil profile in northeastern Bulgaria II. Correlation with global climatic events during the Pleistocene. Geophysical Journal International, 138, 533—540. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-246X.1999.00873.x.

Jordanova, D., & Jordanova, N. (2021). Updating the significance and paleoclimate implications of magnetic susceptibility of Holocene loessic soils. Geoderma, 391, 114982. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2021.114982.

Karmazinenko, S. (2019). Pleistocene soils of the Azov Lowland, Ukraine. Journal of Geo¬logy, Geo¬¬gra¬phy and Geoecology, 28(2), 313—326. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/ 111931.

Költringer, C., Stevens, T., Bradák, B., Almqvist, B., Kurbanov, R., Snowball, I., & Yarovaya, S. (2020). Enviromagnetic study of Late Quaterna¬ry environmental evolution in Lower Volga loess sequences, Russia. Quaternary Research, 1—25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/qua.2020.73.

Krokos, V. I. (1926). Short description of the Quaternary deposits of Ukraine. Bulletin of MOIP, sect. Geologia, 4, 214—264 (in Russian).

Kukla, G., Heller, F., Liu, X. M., Xu, T. C., Liu, T. S., & An, Z. S. (1988). Pleistocene climates in China dated by magnetic susceptibility. Geology, 16, 811—814. https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(1988)016%3C0811:PCICDB%3E2.3.CO;2.

Laag, C., Jordanova, D., Lagroix, F., Jordanova, N., & Guyodo, Y. (2021). A new reference loess-pa¬leo¬sol archive spanning the last 850 kyrs ne¬ar Pleven (Bulgaria) — first results. EGU Ge¬ne¬ral Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-6381. https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-6381.

Łanczont, M., & Boguckyj, A. (2007). High-resolution terrestrial archive of climatic oscillations during Oxygen Isotope Stages 5—2 in the loess-palaeosol sequence at Kolodiiv (East Carpathian Fore land, Ukraine). Geological Quarterly, 51(2), 105—126.

Łanczont, M., Madeyska, T. (Eds.). (2015). Palaeolithic oecumene in the peri- and meta-Carpathian zone. Lublin: Wydawnictwo UMCS, 972 p. (in Polish).

Łanczont, M., Bogucki, A., Yatsyshyn, A., Ter¬pi¬łowski, S., Mroczek, P., Orłowska, A., Hołub, B., Zie¬liński, P., Komar, M., Woronko, B., Ku¬les¬za, P., Dmytruk, R., & Tomeniuk, O. (2019). Stra¬tigraphy and chronology of the periphery of the Scandinavian ice sheet at the foot of the Ukrainian Carpathians. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 530, 59—77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2019.05.024.

Lindner, L., Bogutsky, A., Gozhik, P., Marks, L., Łanczont, M., & Wojtanowicz, J. (2006). Correlation of Pleistocene deposits in the area between the Baltic and Black Sea, Central Europe. Geological Quarterly, 50(1), 195—210.

Lisiecki, L. E., & Raymo, M. E. (2005). A Pliocene-Pleistocene stack of 57 globally distributed benthic δ18O records. Paleoceanography, 20, PA1003. https://doi.org/10.1029/2004PA001071.

Lu, H., Jia, J., Wang, Y., Yin, Q., & Xia, D. (2018). The cause of extremely high magnetic susceptibility of the S5S1 paleosol in the central Chinese Loess Plateau. Quaternary International, 493, 252—257. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2018.05.046.

Maher, B. A. (2011). The magnetic properties of Quaternary aeolian dusts and sediments, and their palaeoclimatic significance. Aeolian Research, 3(2), 87—144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aeolia.2011.01.005.

Malyasova, Т. I., & Spiridonova, E. S. (1989). Methodology for preparing samples of the loess-soil succession for spore-pollen analysis. Vestnik Leningradskogo universiteta. Ser. Geografia, 2, 5—12 (in Russian).

Marković, S. B., Stevens, T., Kukla, G. J., Hambach, U., Fitzsimmons, K. E., Gibbard, P., Bug¬gle, B., Zech, M., Guo, Z., Hao, Q., Wu, H., O’Hara Dhand, K., Smalley, I. J., Újvári, G., Sü­me¬gi, P., Timar-Gabor, A., Veres, D., Sirocko, F., Vasiljević, D. A., Jary, Z., Svensson, A., Jović, V., Lehmkuhl, F., Kovács, J., & Svirčev, Z. (2015). Danube loess stratigraphy — Towards a pan-European loess stratigraphic model. Earth Science Reviews, 148, 228—258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.06.005.

Marković, S. B., Stevens, T., Mason, J., Vandenberghe, J., Yang, S., Veres, D., Újvári, G., Timar-Ga¬bor, A., Zeeden, C., Guo, Z., Hao, Q., Obreht, I., Hambach, U., Wu, H., Gavrilov, M. B., Rolf, C., Tomid, N., & Lehmkuhl, F. (2018). Lo¬ess correlations — Between myth and reality. Pa¬laeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 509, 4—23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2018.04.018.

Matasova, G. G., & Kazansky, A. Yu. (2004). Magnetic properties and magnetic fabrics of Pleistocene loess/palaeosol deposits along west-central Siberian transect and their palaeoclimatic implications. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 238(1), 145. http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/GSL.SP.2004.238.01.11.

Matviishina, Zh., Mel’nichuk, I., Perederyi, V., & Gerasimenko, N. (2001). Vyazivok section. In: The Ukraine Quaternary explored: the Middle and Upper Pleistocene of the Middle Dnieper area and its importance for the East-West European correlation. Excursion guide of the SEQS 2001 conference, Ukraine (pp. 23—36). Kyiv: Institute of Geological Sciences NASU.

Matviishyna, Zh. M., Gerasimenko, N. P., Perederyi, V. I., Bragin, A. M., Ivchenko, A. S., Kar¬ma¬zi¬nenko, S. P., Nagirnyi, V. M., & Parkhomenko, O. G. (2010). Spatio-temporal correlation of Quaternary palaeogeographic conditions on the territory of Ukraine. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 191 p. (in Ukrainian).

Matviishyna, Zh. M., & Doroshkevych, S. P. (2019). Micromorphological peculiarities of the Pleistocene soils in the Middle Pobuzhzhya (Uk¬raine) and their significance for palaeogeographic reconstructions. Journal of Geology, Geo-graphy and Geoecology, 28(2), 327—347.

Menshov, O. (2015). Magnetic susceptibility of the southern chernozems of Ukraine, case study from Odessa region. Visnyk of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv: Geology, 69(2), 70—74. https://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2713.69. 11.70-74 (in Ukrainian).

Menshov, O. (2019). Application of magnetic methods for the monitoring of the natural and man-made processes associated with critical infrastructure objects. Visnyk of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv: Geology, 84(1), 27—33. https://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2713.84. 04 (in Ukrainian).

Molnár, D, Makó, L., Cseh, P., Sümegi, P., Fekete, I., & Galović, L. (2021). Middle and Late Pleistocene loess-palaeosol archives in East Croatia: multi-proxy palaeoecological studies on Zmajevac and Šarengrad II sequences. Studia Quaternaria, 38(1), 3—17. https://doi.org/10.24425/sq.2020.133758.

Nawrocki, J., Bakhmutov, V., Bogucki, A., & Do¬lecki, L. (1999). The Paleo- and Petromag¬ne¬tic record in the Polish and Ukrainian Loess-Paleosol Sequences. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth (A), 24, 773—777. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1464-1895(99)00113-1.

Nawrocki, J., Bogucki, A., Łanczont, M., & Nowaczyk, N. (2002). The Matuyama-Brunhes boundary and the nature of magnetic remanence aquisition in the loess-paleosol sequences from the western part of the East European Loess province. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 188, 39—50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0031-0182(02)00528-X.

Nawrocki, J., Łanczont, M., Rosowiecka, O., & Bogucki, A. B. (2016). Magnetostratigraphy of the loess-palaeosol key Palaeolithic section at Korolevo (Transcarpathia, W Ukraine). Quaternary International, 399, 72—85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2014.12.063.

Nawrocki, J., Gozhik, P., Łanc¬zont, M., Pań¬czyk, M., Komar, M., Bogucki, A., Wil¬liams, J. S., & Czu¬py, Z. (2018). Palaeowind di¬¬rec¬ti¬ons and sources of detrital material ar¬chi¬ved in the Roxolany loess section (southern Uk¬rai¬ne). Pa-lae¬ogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Pa¬laeo¬ecology, 496, 121—135. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.palaeo.2018.01.028.

Necula, C., Dimofte, D., & Panaiotu, C. (2015). Rock magnetism of a loess-palaeosol sequence from the western Black Sea shore (Romania). Geophysical Journal International, 202, 1733—1748. https://doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggv250.

Railsback, B. L., Gibbard, P. L., Head, M. J., Voarintsoa, Ny, R. G., & Toucanne, S. (2015). An optimized scheme of lettered marine isotope substages for the last 1.0 million years, and the climatostratigraphic nature of isotope stages and substages. Quaternary Science Reviews, 111, 94—106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.01.012.

Rousseau, D.-D., Gerasimenko, N., Matviischina, Zh., & Kukla, G. (2001). Late Pleistocene Environments of the Central Ukraine. Qua¬ter¬¬nary Research, 56, 349—356. https://doi.org/10.1006/qres.2001.2270.

Rousseau, D.-D., Antoine, P., Gerasimenko, N., Sima, A., Fuchs, M., Hatté, C., Moine, O., & Zoeller, L. (2011). North Atlantic abrupt climatic events of the last glacial period recorded in Ukrainian loess deposits. Climate of the Past, 7, 221—234. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-7-221-2011.

Scheidt, S., Berg, S., Hambach, U., Klasen, N., Pötter, S., Stolz, A., Veres, D., Zeeden, C., Brill, D., Brückner, H., Kusch, S., Laag, C., Lehmkuhl, F., Melles, M., Monnens, F., Oppermann, L., Rethemeyer, J., & Nett, J. J. (2021). Chronological Assessment of the Balta Alba Kurgan Loess-Paleosol Section (Romania) — A Comparative Study on Different Dating Methods for a Robust and Precise Age Model. Frontiers in Earth Science, 8, 586. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2020.598448.

Shackleton, N. J., Berger, A., & Peltier, W. R. (1990). An alternative astronomical calibration of the lower Pleistocene timescale based on ODP Site 677. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Earth Sciences, 81, 251—261. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0263593300020782.

Sirenko, N. A., & Turlo, S. I. (1986). Successions of soils and vegetation of Ukraine during the Pliocene and Pleistocene. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 488 p. (in Russian).

Sirenko, O. (2017a). Palynostratigraphy of Continental Upper Pliocene—Lower Neopleistocene Deposits of Southern Part of the East European Platform. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 165 p. (in Russian).

Sirenko, O. (2017b). Subaeral Eopleistocene—Lower Neopleistocene deposits of the plain part of Ukraine and their palynological characteristic. Dnipropetrovsk University Bulletin. Ser. Geology, Geography, 25(1), 101—118 (in Ukrainian). https://doi.org/10.15421/111712.

Sirenko, O. (2019a). Changes in Pleistocene vegetation and climate of Ukraine in the range of 1.8—0.4 million years. Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 28, 355—366. https://doi.org/10.15421/111934.

Sirenko, O. (2019b). Palynological data on the description of the Gelasian and Calabriane analogues in the stratotype section of the Kuyalnik deposits near Kryzhanivka village (Odessa region). Journal of Geology, Geography and Geoecology, 28(4), 727—737. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15421/111968.

Song, Y., Guo, Z., Marković, S., Hambach, U., Deng, C., Chang, L., Wu, J., & Hao, Q. (2018). Magnetic stratigraphy of the Danube loess: a composite Titel-Stari Slankamen loess section over the last one million years in Vojvodina, Serbia. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 155, 68—80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2017.11.012.

Sümegi, P., Náfrádi, K., Molnár, D., & Sávai, Sz. (2015). Results of palaeoecological studies in the loess region of Szeged-Öthalom (SE Hungary). Quaternary International, 357, 1—13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2014.09.003.

Sümegi, P., Gulyás, S., Molnár, D., Sümegi, B. P., Almond, P. C., Vandenberghe, J., Zhou, L., Pál-Molnár, E., Törőcsik, T., Hao, Q., Smalley, I., Molnár, M., & Marsi, I. (2018). New chronology of the best developed loess/paleosol sequence of Hungary capturing the past 1.1 ma: Implications for correlation and proposed pan-Eurasian stratigraphic schemes. Quaternary Science Reviews, 191, 144—166. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.04.012.

Sümegi, P., Gulyás, S., Molnár, D., Sümegi, B. P., Törőcsik, T., Almond, P. C., & Koloszár, L. (2019). Periodicities of paleoclimate variations in the first high-resolution non-orbitally tuned grain size record of the past 1 Ma from SW Hungary and regional, global correlations. Aeolian Research, 40, 74—90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aeolia.2019.07.002.

Tecsa, V., Gerasimenko, N., Veres, D., Hambach, U., Lehmkuhl, F., Schulte, P., & Timar-Gabor, A. (2020). Revisiting the chronostratigraphy of Late Pleistocene loess-paleosol se¬qu¬ences in southwestern Ukraine: OSL dating of Kurortne section. Quaternary Internatio¬nal, 542, 65—79. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint. 2020.03.001.

Tretyak, A. N., & Volok, Z. E. (1976). Paleomagnetic stratigraphy of Pliocene and Quaternary sediments in Ukraine. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 88 p. (in Russian).

Tretyak, A. N. (1980). Regim of the Pleistocene geomagnetic field and structure of the Brunhes geomagnetic epoch. Geofizicheskiy Zhurnal, 5(2), 75—87 (in Russian).

Tretyak, A. N. (1983). Natural remnant magnetization and problem of sediments paleomagnetic stratification. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 256 p. (in Russian).

Tretyak, A. N., Shevchenko, A. I., Dudkin, V. P., & Vigilyanskaya, L. I. (1987). Paleomagnetic stratigraphy of key Late Cenozoic sections of the south of Ukraine. Kiev: Institute of Geological Sciences AS USSR, 50 p. (in Russian).

Tretyak, A. N., Vigilyanskaya, L. I., Makarenko, V. N., & Dudkin, V. P. (1989). Thin structure of geomagnetic field in Late Cenozoic. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 156 p. (in Russian).

Tretyak, A. N., & Vigilyanskaya, L. I. (1994). Mag¬netostratigraphic scale of Pleistocene of Uk¬rai¬ne. Geofizicheskiy Zhurnal, 16(2), 3—14 (in Rus¬sian).

Vandenberghe, J., & Nugteren, G. (2001). Rapid climatic changes recorded in loess successions. Global and Planetary Change, 28, 1—9. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8181(00)00060-6.

Varga, G. (2015). Changing nature of Pleistocene interglacials — is it recorded by paleosoils in Hungary (Central Europe). Hungarian Geogra¬phical Bulletin, 64(4), 317—326. https://doi.org/ 10.15201/hungeobull.64.4.6.

Veklitch, M. F., Artyushenko, A. T., Sirenko, N. A., Dubnyak, V. A., Mel’nichuk, I. V., & Parishkura, S. I. (1967). Key Sections of the Anthropogene of Ukraine (pp. 13—50). Kiev: Naukova Dumka (in Russian).

Veklitch, M. F. (1968). Stratygraphy of the loess formation of Ukraine and adjacent countries. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 201 p. (in Russian).

Veklitch, M. F., & Sirenko, N. A. (1972). Key Sections of the Anthropogene of Ukraine. Part III. Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 225 p. (in Russian).

Veklitch, M. F, Matviishyna, Zh. N., Medvedev, V. V., Sirenko, N. A., & Federov, K. N. (1979). Palaeosol research methodology. Kiev: Nau¬kova Dumka, 272 p. (in Russian).

Veklitch, M. F. (1982). Stages and stratotypes of the soil formations of Ukraine in the Upper Cenozoic. Kiev: Naukova Dumka (in Russian).

Veklitch, M. F., Sirenko, N. A., Matviishyna, Zh. N., Melnychuk, I. V., Perederyi, V. I., Turlo, S. I., & Vozgrin, B. D. (1984). Palaeogeographical succession and detailed stratigraphic division of the Pleistocene of Ukraine (methodological developments). Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 32 p. (in Russian).

Veklitch, M. F, Sirenko, N. A, Matviishyna, Zh. N., Gerasimenko, N. P., Perederiy, V. I., & Turlo, S. I. (1993). The Pleistocene stratigraphical framework of the Ukraine. Stratigraficheskiye skhemy fanerozoya i dokembriya Ukrainy. Ki¬ev: State Committee of Geology of Ukraine (in Russian).

Veklych, Y. (2019). Map of Quaternary formations of Ukraine in scale 1:2,500,000. Journal of Geo¬logy, Geography and Geoecology, 28(2), 367—376. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10. 15421/111935.

Velichko, A. A. (Ed.) (1997). Loess-palaeosol formation of the East-European Plain. Moscow, 140 p. (in Russian).

Veres, D., Tecsa, V., Gerasimenko, N., Zeeden, C., Hambach, U., & Timar Gabor, A. (2018). Short-term soil formation events in the last glacial east European loess, evidence from multi-method luminescence dating. Quaternary Science Reviews, 200, 34—51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.09.037.

Vigilyanskaya, L. I., & Tretyak, A. N. (2001). Palaeomagnetism of Reference Sections in Pliocene-Pleistocene Deposits of the NW Donbas. Geophysical Journal, 22, 523—535.

Vigilyanskaya, L. I., & Tretyak, A. N. (2002). Palaeomagnetic studies of Pliocene-Pleistocene deposits of loess-palaeosol stratum in Middle Dnieper region. Geofizicheskiy Zhurnal, 24(5), 36—42 (in Russian).

Wacha, L., Laag, C., Grizelj, A., Tsukamoto, S., Zeeden, C., Ivanišević, D., Rolf, C., Banak, A., & Frechen, M. (2021). High-resolution palaeoenvironmental reconstruction at Zmajevac (Croatia) over the last three glacial/interglacial cycles. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 576, 110504. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2021.110504.

Zeeden, C., Hambach, U., Obreht, I., Hao, Q., Abels, H. A., Lehmkuhl, F., Gavrilov, M. B., & Marković, S. B. (2018). Patterns and timing of loess-paleosol transitions in Eurasia: Constraints for paleoclimate studies. Global and Planetary Change, 162, 1—7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2017.12.021.

Zeeden, C., & Hambach, U. (2021). Magnetic Susceptibility Properties of Loess From the Willendorf Archaeological Site: Implications for the Syn/Post-Depositional Interpretation of Magnetic Fabric. Frontiers in Earth Science, 8, 709. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2020.599491.

Downloads

Published

2021-10-05

How to Cite

Hlavatskyi , D. V. ., Gerasimenko, N. ., Bakhmutov, V. ., Bonchkovskyi, O. ., Poliachenko, I. ., Shpyra, V. ., Mychak, S. ., Kravchuk, I. ., & Cherkes, S. . (2021). Significance of the Ukrainian loess-palaeosol sequences for Pleistocene climate reconstructions: rock magnetic, palaeosol and pollen proxies. Geofizičeskij žurnal, 43(3), 3–26. https://doi.org/10.24028/gzh.v43i3.236378

Issue

Section

Articles