Inhomogeneities of the earth’s crust of the Aldan-Stanovoy shield along the 3-DV profile (Eastern Siberia, Russia


  • V. V. Stogny Kuban State University, Russian Federation
  • G. A. Stogny Kuban State University, Russian Federation



Aldan megablock, Stanovoy megablock, gravity field, Earth’s crust, seismic inhomogeneities, geological and geophysical model, granite-gneiss dome, decompaction zone


Profile 3-DV (Skovorodino-Tommot) crosses in the sublatitudinal direction the Stanovoy and Aldan megablocks of the Aldan-Stanovoy shield. As the basic elements of the Earth’s crust section along the profile 3-DV, a technique was adopted for identifying regional inhomogeneities of the lithosphere based on the results of the analysis of seismic and gravimetric data with subsequent typification of their nature. According to the SRM-CMP data, in the upper part of the section (up to 35 km) of the Aldan megablock, the Yakokut and Chulman heterogeneities are distinguished, and the Stanovoy megablock — the Kalara-Dzhugdzhur heterogeneity. The Yakokut and Chulman seismic inhomogeneities in the gravitational field correspond to minima with an the amplitude of up to 25 mGal. The gravitational field of the Kalara-Dzhugdzhur heterogeneity is mosaic and reflects its block structure.

It is shown that the deep structure of the Aldan megablock in the area of the 3-DV profile is determined by the Yakokut granite-gneiss dome and Chulman sublateral decompaction zone, and the upper part (0—25 km) of the Stanovoy megablock is represented by the Kalar-Dzhugdzhur structure, composed of the Stanovoy complex of rocks  and blocks of highpressure granulites. A significant (up to 10 km) increase in the thickness of the earth’s crust of the Aldan megablock is explained by the presence of the upper layer juvenile crust formed in the Paleoproterozoic as a result of regional metamorphism of igneous rocks. The Earth’s crust of the Stanovoy megablock is tectonically rebuilt for almost the entire thickness of up to 40 km during the Mesozoic collision of the Precambrian North Asian and Sino-Korean cratons.

The Yakokut granite-gneiss dome, in accordance with the proposed model of the structure of the Earth’s crust of the Aldan megablock, is the ore-controlling structure of the Central Aldan gold-bearing region, and highpressure granulites of the Zverevsky block of the Kalara-Dzhugdzhur heterogeneity of the Stanovoy megablock served as a source of gold in the Chako-Berkakit ore cluster.


Abramov, V. A. (1993). Structure and dynamics of the Aldan shield tectonosphere. Vladivostok: Dalnauka, 161 p. (in Russian).

Alektorova, E. A. & Shmuraeva, L. Ya. (1997). Problems of the native Precambrian gold content of the Dambukinsky block of the Aldan-Stanovoy shield. In Precambrian of Northern Eurasia: Abstracts (p. 3). St. Petersburg: IGGD RAS (in Russian).

Antonov, A. Yu. & Bankovskaya, E. V. (2000). Rb-Sr isotope systematics of Mesozoic granitoids of the Stanovoy Range (southern framing of the Aldan Shield). In Geochemical Processes and Mineral Resources (pp. 163—172). Irkutsk: Publ. house of Irkutsk State University (in Russian).

Bulin, N. K., Afanasyeva, N. A., Pronyaeva, E. A. & Erglis, E. I. (1972). Deep section of the southeast of the Siberian platform and its folded frame according to the seismic data. Sovetskaya geologiya, (10), 134—142 (in Russian).

Velikoslavinskiy, S. D., Kotov, A. V., Sal’¬ni¬kova, E. V., Kovach, V. P., Larin, A. M. & Tolmacheva, E. V. (2011). Early Precambrian granite-gneiss complexes in the Central Aldan shield. Petrologiya, 19(4), 382—398 (in Russian).

Vovna, G. M., Mishkin, M. A., Sakhno, V. G. & Zarubina, N. V. (2009). Archean early sialic crust of the Siberian craton: its composition and genesis of magmatic protoliths. Doklady AN, 429(4), 509—512 (in Russian).

Krasny, L. I., & Peng Yungbiao (Eds.). (1998). Geological map of Amur region and adjacent areas, scale 1:2 500 000. Sankt-Petersburg: VSEGEI (in Russian).

Geology of the BAM zone. Vol. 1.Geological structure. (1988). Leningrad: Nedra, 443 p. (in Russian).

Krasny, L. I. (Ed.). (1981). Geology of the Yakut ASSR. Moscow: Nedra, 300 p. (in Russian).

Geochronology of the Precambrian of the Siberian Platform and its folded framing. (1968). Leningrad: Nauka, 332 p. (in Russian).

Glebovitsky, V. A., Kotov, A. B., Sal’nikova, E. B., Larin, A. M., & Velikoslavinsky, S. D. (2009). Granulite complexes of the Dzhugdzhur-Stanovoi fold region and the Peristanovoi Belt: Age, formation conditions, and geodynamic settings of metamorphism. Geotectonika, 43(4), 253—263 (in Russian).

Goroshko, M. V., Kaplun, V. B., Malyshev, Ya. F., Romanovskiy, N. P. & Gurovich, V. G. (2010). The Deep Structure, Magmatizm, and Metallogeny of the Central Aldan Block, Aldan-Stanovoy Shield. Tikhookeanskaya geologiya, 29(4), 275—288 (in Russian).

Goshko, E. Yu., Efimov, A. S., & Sal’nikov, A. S. (2014). The recent structure and the assumed history of formation of the crust in the south-eastern segment of the North Asian Craton along Reference Profile 3-DV. Geodinami¬ka i tektonofizika, (3), 785—798 (in Russian).

Stepanov, P. P. & Yanushevich, M. A. (Eds.). (2004). Gravimetric Map of Russia, scale 1:2 500 000 Sankt-Petersburg: VSEGEI (in Russian).

Gusev, G. S. & Khain, V. E. (1995). On the relationships of the Baikal-Vitim, Aldan-Stanovoy and Mongol-Okhotsk terranes (south of Central Siberia). Geotektonika, (5), 68—82 (in Russian).

Didenko, A. N., Efimov, A. S., Nelyubov, P. A., Sal’nikov, A. S., Starosel’tsev, V. S., Shevchenko, B. F., Goroshko, M. V., Gur’yanov, V. A. & Zamozhnyaya, N. G. (2013). Structure and evolution of the Earth’s crust in the region of junction of the Central Asian Fold Belt and the Siberian platform: Skovorodino-Tommot profile. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 54(10), 1236—1249. (in Russian).

Dobretsov, V. N., Smelov, A. P., Kravchenko, A. A. & Berezkin, V. I. (2008). The average chemical composition of the lower crust of the Aldan shield central part according to the results of a study of xenoliths from Mesozoic alkaline intrusives. Otechestvennaya geologiya, (6), 63—73 (in Russian).

Rundqvist, D. V. & Mitrofanov, F. P. (Eds.). (1988). Precambrian Geology of the USSR. Leningrad: Nedra, 440 p. (in Russian).

Kazanskiy, V. I. (2004). The unique Central Aldan Gold-Uranium Ore District (Russia). Geologiya rudnykh mestorozhdeniy, 46(3), 67—181 (in Russian).

Kogen, V. S. (1976). Gold mineralization of the Sutam knot (Stanovoy ridge) In: Genetic types and patterns of distribution of gold deposits in the Far East (pp. 107—111). Novosibirsk: Nauka (in Russian).

Kotov, A. V. (2003). Boundary conditions of geodynamic models for the formation of the continental crust of the Aldan Shield: Dis. ... Dr. geol.-min. sciences. St. Petersburg, 78 p. (in Russian).

Larin, A. M., Sal’nikova, E. B., Kotov, A. B., Glebovitsy, V. A., Velikoslavinsky, S. D., Sorokin, A. A., Yakovleva, S. Z., Fedoseenko, A. M. & Anisi¬mova, I. V. (2006) Early Cretaceous age of regional metamorphism of the Stanovoi Group

in the Dzhugdzur-Stanovoi Foldbelt: Deody¬na¬mic implications. Doklady AN, 409(2), 222— 226 (in Russian).

Maksimov, E. P., Uyutov, V. I. & Nikitin, V. M. (2004) Prospects of Mesozoic endogenous mineralization in the Central Aldan ore region (2004). Bulletin of Goskomgeologii. Materials on geology and minerals of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), (4), 34—50 (in Russian).

Glebovitskiy, V. A. (Ed.). (1987). Metamorphic facies of the Baikal-Amur Mainline zone. Leningrad: Nauka, 80 p. (in Russian).

Nuzhnov, S. V., Polevanov, V. P. & Sorokin, A. P. (1993). The main features of the geological structure and intracontinental plate tectonics of the Dzhugdzhur-Stanovoy epicratonic oro¬genic region, Far East of Russia. Preprint Amur¬NTS DVO RUN. Blagoveshchensk, 30 p. (in Russian).

Parfenov, L. M., Berzin, N. A., Khanchuk, A. I., Badarch, G., Belichenko, V. G., Bulgatov, A. N., Dril’, S. I., Kirillova, G. L., Kuz’min, M. I., Nokleberg, U., Prokop’ev, A. V., Timofeev, V. F., Tourtogoo, O. & Yan, Kh. (2003). A model of orogenic belts formation in Central and Northeast Asia. Tikhookeanskaya Geologiya, 22(6), 7—41 (in Russian).

Podgorny, V. Ya. & Malyshev, Yu. F. (2006). Density structure of the Aldan-Stanovoy shield lithosphere. Geofizicheskiy Zhurnal, 28(1), 68—81 (in Russian).

Pek, A. A., Mal’kovsky, V. I. & Korikovsky, S. P. (2012). Reactive infiltration instability of a gra¬ni¬tization during the generation and development of granite-gneiss domes. Petrologiya, 20(3), 205—217.

Rozen, O. M. (2003). The Siberian Craton: Tectonic zonation and stages of evolution. Geotectonika, 37(3), 175—193 (in Russian).

Rudnitskaya, D. I., Starosel’tsev, V. S. & Sal’ni¬kov, A. S. (2013). Construction of a macromodel of the Earth’s crust using Reapak technology based on 3-DV geotraverse (Eastern Siberia). Geofizika, (1), 19—26 (in Russian).

Salnikova, E. B., Larin, A. M., Kotov, A. B., Soro¬kin, A. P., Sorokin, A. A., Velikoslavinsky, S. D., Ya¬kovleva, S. Z., Fedoseenko, A. M. & Plotkina, Yu. V. (2006). Tokko-Algominskii magmatic complex of the Dzhugdzhur-Stanovoy fold area: age and geodynamic setting of formation. Doklady RAN, 406(5), 652—657 (in Russian).

Smelov, A. P., Zedgenizov, A. P. & Timofeev, V. F. Aldan-Stanovoy shield (2001). In: Tectonics, Geodynamics, and Metallogeny of the Republic Sakha Territiry, Yakutia (pp. 81—104). Moscow: MAIK «Nauka/Interperiodika» (in Russian).

Smelov, A. P. & Timofeev, V. F. (2003). Terrane analysis and geodynamic model of the formation of the North Asian craton in the Early Precambrian. Tikhookeanskaya geologiya, 22(6), 42—54 (in Russian).

Stogny, G. A. & Stogny, V. V. (2014). Geological and geophysical model of the Central Aldan gold ore region of the Aldan-Stanovoy shield. Geofizika, (3), 50—55 (in Russian).

Stogny, G. A. & Stogny, V. V. (2005). Geophysical fields of North Asia eastern part craton. Yakutsk: Sakhapoligrafizdat, 174 p. (in Russian).

Stogny, V. V. & Stogny, G. A. (1997). Tectonic layering of the Aldan-Stanovoy geoblock. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 151 p. (in Russian).

Suvorov, V. D. & Kornilova, Z. A. (1985). Deep structure of the Aldan shield according to seismology of nearby earthquakes. Geologiya i geofizika, (2), 86—93 (in Russian).

Parfenov, L. M. & Koz’min, M. I. (Eds.). (2001). Tectonics, Geodynamics, and Metallogeny of the Republic Sakha Territiry, Yakutia. Moscow: MAIK «Nauka/Interperiodika», 571 p. (in Russian).

Karsakov, L. P., Zhao Chunjin, Malyshev, Yu. F. & Goroshko, M. V. (Eds.). (2005). Tectonics, deep structure, metallogeny of the Central Asian — Pacific belts junction area. Vladivostok-Khabarovsk: FEB RAS, 264 p. (in Russian).

Trushkov, Yu. N. (Ed.). (1975). Tectonics of Yakutia. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 198 p. (in Russian).

Kosygin, Yu. A., Malyshev, Yu. F., Podgornyy, V. Ya. (Ed.). (1984). Tectonic nature of geophysical fields of the Far East. Moscow: Nauka, 200 p. (in Russian).

Ugryumov, Ar. N. (1981).Correlation of Archean crystalline complexes with the «basalt» layer of the Earth’s crust on the Aldan shield. In: Tectonics of Siberia (Vol. X, pp. 112—118). Moscow: Nauka (in Russian).

Kheraskova, T. N., Yakovlev, D. V., Pimanova, N. N. & Berezner, O. S. (2018) Conjugation with the Central Asian foldbelt: interpretation of the 3DV and Tynda-Amurzet transekts. Geotectonika, 52(1), 1—21 (in Russian).

Shkodzinsky, V. S. (2018). Global petrology based on modern data on the hot heterogeneous acreation of the Earth. Yakutsk: SVFU, 244 p. (in Russian).

Bohlen, S. R. (1991). On the formation of granulites. Journal Metamorphic Geology, 9, 223—229.

Gavricova, S. N., Nutman, A. P., & Chernyshev, I. V. (1990). Geochemistry and SHRIMP U-Pb zircon geochronology of tonalites and mafic rocks from the Gilyuy area, Stanovic, USSR: Third international archaean simposium. Perth. Abstracts (pp. 127—130).

Hastie, A. R., & Fitton, J. G. (2019). Eoarchaean tectonics: New constraints from high pressuretem¬perature experiments and mass balan¬ce mode¬ling. Precambrian Research, 325, 20—38.

Li, D., Hollings, P., Chen, H., Sun, X., Tan, C., & Zurevinski, S. (2020). Zircon U-Pb and Lu-Hf systematics of the Western Superior craton, Canada: mantle-crust interaction and me¬chanism(s) of craton formation. Gondwana Research,78, 231—277.

Nutman, A. P., Chernyshev, I. V., Baadsgaard, H, & Smelov, A. P. (1992). The Aldan shield of Siberia, USSR: the age of its Archaean components and evidence for widespread reworking in the Mid-Proterozoic. Precambrian Research, 54(1-2), 195—210.

Rozen, O. M., Condie, K. S., Natapov, L. M., & Nozhkin, A. D. (1994). Archean and early Proterozoic evolution of the Siberian craton, a preliminary assessment. In K. C. Condie (Ed.), Arcean crustal evolution (pp. 411—459). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Stogny, G. A., & Stogny, V. V. (1995). Tectonic setting of the granulite belts in the south of the Aldan shield (Siberia, Russia). Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 40(3), 46.

Zlatopolsky, A. (1997). Description of texture orientation in remote sensing data using computer program LESSA. Computers & Geosciences, 23(1), 45—62.



How to Cite

Stogny, V. V. ., & Stogny, G. A. . (2021). Inhomogeneities of the earth’s crust of the Aldan-Stanovoy shield along the 3-DV profile (Eastern Siberia, Russia. Geofizičeskij žurnal, 43(3), 27–46.