The impact of summer holidays on the physical development of school-age children

Authors

  • H.M. Danylenko SI "Institute of Children and Adolescents Health Care of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine", Yuvileiny ave., 52-a, Kharkiv, 61153, Ukraine; V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Svobody sq., 4, Kharkiv, 61022, Ukraine, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7086-2720
  • G.M. Cherniakova SI "Institute of Children and Adolescents Health Care of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine", Yuvileiny ave., 52-a, Kharkiv, 61153, Ukraine; V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Svobody sq., 4, Kharkiv, 61022, Ukraine, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3960-2485
  • T.V. Merkulova SI "Institute of Children and Adolescents Health Care of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine", Yuvileiny ave., 52-a, Kharkiv, 61153, Ukraine; Kharkiv International Medical University, Molochna str., 38, Kharkiv, 61000, Ukraine, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2362-9226
  • O.H. Avdiievska SI "Institute of Children and Adolescents Health Care of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine" , Yuvileiny ave., 52-a, Kharkiv, 61153, Ukraine; V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Svobody sq., 4, Kharkiv, 61022, Ukraine, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5764-5254

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26641/2307-0404.2021.2.234661

Keywords:

school-age children, indicators of physical development, type of activities, summer time

Abstract

The aim of the work was to investigate how gender, age and type of activity in summer affects the indicators of physical development (PD) of children. 1054 students (493 boys and 561 girls) aged 7-16 years took part in the study. The PD of children was studied by assessing somatometric and physiometric indi­cators. To assess the impact of the type of activity, a thematic questionnaire "Summer" was used. It was found that the gender and age of children had a significant effect on PD indicators in the summer. The most intense increase in body length oc­curred at the age of 7-12 years, body weight - in 10-14-year-olds, and up to 16 years grouth of two parameters gradually slo­wed down. From the age of 10, children showed a positive increase in lung capacity (LC). In 15-year-old adolescents, a de­c­rease in both indicators (ChC and LC) was found. It was found that 62% of children carried out educational activities in the summer, 24% of those were engaged in business activities, almost 40% of students were participants in hiking trips and 23% of children attended a children's health camp. The chosen type of activity in the summer influenced the indicators of the pu­pils' PD as follows: educational activities were accompanied by a decrease in body length and strength of the left arm, busi­ness activity, hiking trips and staying in a health camp were accompanied by an increased weight gain and an increase in LC.

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doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-017-0555-2

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Published

2021-06-18

How to Cite

1.
Danylenko H, Cherniakova G, Merkulova T, Avdiievska O. The impact of summer holidays on the physical development of school-age children. Med. perspekt. [Internet]. 2021Jun.18 [cited 2024Apr.15];26(2):147-52. Available from: https://journals.uran.ua/index.php/2307-0404/article/view/234661

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Section

PREVENTIVE MEDICINE