Organization of the stationary seismological observations point
Keywords:seismological station, information support, earthquake, seismic monitoring, Earthworm software package
The Institute of Geophysics of the NASU organizes and carries out continuous regional and local seismic observations on the territory of Ukraine. The article presents a universal modern model of seismic activity monitoring process, which is used in most international seismological agencies (USGS, EMSC, NEIC) and describes a typical stationary point of seismological observations of the National Seismological Network of the Institute of Geophysics of NAS of Ukraine. Seismological network of observations is a complex of systems consisting of stationary seismological points of registration of seismic waves, the distributed system of transfer and collecting of the seismological information, and also the center of operative processing of the data arriving from data registration points. The process of conducting regime seismological observations of local and remote seismic events on the territory of Ukraine and adjacent regions is described. Some important aspects of the need for comprehensive processing of registered events to identify local earthquakes and assess the current activity of tectonic structures in Ukraine are presented.
The seismological network of the National Seismological Center of the Institute of Geophysics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine is represented by a small number of stationary observation points: «Kiev-IRIS», «MI02-Poltava», «MI03-Skvyra», «MI04-Dnipro», «MI05-Stepanivka», «MI07-Mykolaiv», «ODS-Odesa», «MIU-Kryvyi Rih», and «MI06-Kremenchug». This number of seismological observation points does not actually provide seismic observation data to the central, eastern and southern parts of the territory of Ukraine and does not allow to reliably determine the level and quantitative characteristics of its seismic hazard. The seismic recorder Guralp CMG-40T manufactured by the British company GURALP SYSTEMS LIMITED is offered as optimal for the conditions and financial realities of Ukraine when organizing a stationary seismic observation point.
It is proposed to use the seismological processing package SeisComP, which works on the SeedLink protocol, which is the basis of the data collection system by the Internet. This software product is the de facto world standard in the field of seismological data processing.
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