Поняття «політична репрезентація» в українському політологічному дискурсі


  • Сергій Рудницький Житомирський державний університет імені Івана Франка, Ukraine

Ключові слова:

political representation, representation of, representativeness, legitimacy, representation mandate, authorization representative


The term «representation» in Ukrainian political science and social philosophy is used only in relation to interest (interest representation means their presentation) and is one of the stages of its development. This concept occupies important place and has a long history of use in West political science. The term «representation» was already used in Roman law, in scientific discourse; it appeared in the writings of medieval theologians. Marsilius of Padua proposed the conception of people whose political representatives and executor of their will serve the elected officials. French thinkers JeanJacques Rousseau and Charles-Louis Montesquieu examined the representation in the context of popular sovereignty. The theory of political representation is developed with  the beginning of the distribution in Europe of representative form of government, during the French Revolution.

In the western scientific tradition classical representation is understood as a group of people chosen by elections, acting on behalf of another group (primarily people but also the territorial or ethnic community) institutionalized in government. The most common understanding of political representation is the parliament, but often political representation is understood as the electoral process.

Meaningful side of the concept is ambiguous in various sciences, and even within a single scientific discipline. When defining the meaning of «political representation» competence approach is used, according to which representation is treated as a legal jurisdiction that allows the state to make a decision. Representation can also be understood as the right to unilateral government. Within the so-called sociological approach attention is paid not only to the chosen way of representative, but to the similarity of the representative to represent.

The relationship between the representative and represented is constitutive feature of representation. The main mechanism of coordination and the will of the sovereign representative of the elections is a subsidiary of the institutions that articulate public opinion, especially political parties.

Thus, the concept of «political representation» can be understood as a political institution that provides representation of a group of people (especially parliament); a state in which representative reflects the composition of society (a representative); compliance action representative expectations represented (legitimacy). The concept can also be understood as a process of obtaining right of representation, and the process of presenting someone in the political sphere.

Choosing between existing interpretations of concepts we can make our own based on the Ukrainian scenario and interpret it as the phenomenon of presenting the subject in the political sphere. Political representation should also be understood as a principle of representation one entity by another entity, between which there is a connection with the direct absence represented in the political sphere.

The author proposes to move away from the classical Western understanding of representative only as a representative body presenting the sovereign and proposes to include in the range of political representatives of all subjects receiving the mandate for representation of society or groups.

The author believes that the subject of the representation is not only the people but  also a smaller social group - ethnic, demographic or territorial, an individual can be represented in the political sphere. The scope (volume) of the subject representation can also vary; it can be understood wider concerning the political system, or narrower – concerning the part of political system: state, part of the state (Parliament), executive body.

The nature and type of connection between the represented and representatives, mechanism of its coordination; method of representation mandate, and other phenomena related to political representation, depend on the nature of democracy. Acts of political representation relationship with the model of a political system that outlines the structure of institutions engaged in political representation sets the ratio between them regarding the scope of representation.

Біографія автора

Сергій Рудницький, Житомирський державний університет імені Івана Франка

Sergiusz Rudnicki

Uniwersytet Państwowy im. Iwana Franki w Żytomierzu






Публічна політика і політичне представництво