DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/2312-8372.2018.128548

Development of the technique of expert assessment in the diagnosis of the technical condition of buildings

Peter Grigorovskiy, Olexander Terentyev, Revaz Mikautadze

Abstract


The object of research is methods and technologies for diagnosing buildings using the tools of the theory of fuzzy sets. One of the most problematic areas is the lack of a system of intelligent diagnostic methods based on the accumulated knowledge of experts and current information on the condition of buildings. In the course of the study, expert assessments of the survey of the technical condition of the facilities are used as the basis for predicting their reliable operation. The technique of expert assessment is obtained in the survey of the technical condition of buildings. The proposed methodology has a structure that involves the formation of signs of damage through ranking, the formation of an expert group, the formation of rules for the work of the expert group, assessing the degree of agreement between experts, quantitative assessment of signs of damage. With this approach, it becomes possible to obtain reasonable results about the presence and extent of damage and the possibility of comparing the results with the initial ones that characterize previously conducted technical condition surveys. The proposed approach contributes to the certainty in the recognition of building structures in conditions of limited statistical data from instrumental surveys and inaccurate information based on directive research methods. In comparison with probabilistic approaches and methods of the theory of fuzzy sets, the approach uses the theory of measurements and mathematical statistics and gives confidence to the expert in substantiating the necessary assessment of the state of structures. In the developed methodology, the degree and depth of expert assessment of building structures with the purpose of bringing the entire system to a normal technical state is made through an intuitive-logical analysis of problems with qualitative and quantitative judgments and formal processing of results. It is possible to solve the assessment tasks in the absence of a part of important information.


Keywords


diagnostics of buildings technical condition; computerization of diagnostic methods; expert assessment

References


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GOST Style Citations


Application of nD BIM Integrated Knowledge-based Building Management System (BIM-IKBMS) for inspecting post-construction energy efficiency / Ghaffarian Hoseini A. et al. // Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2017. Vol. 72. P. 935–949. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2016.12.061 

Multi-Criteria optimisation using past, real time and predictive performance benchmarks / Ignacio Torrens J. et al. // Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory. 2011. Vol. 19, No. 4. P. 1258–1265. doi:10.1016/j.simpat.2010.11.002 

Motamedi A., Hammad A., Asen Y. Knowledge-assisted BIM-based visual analytics for failure root cause detection in facilities management // Automation in Construction. 2014. Vol. 43. P. 73–83. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2014.03.012 

Mak B., Schmitt B. H., Lyytinen K. User participation in knowledge update of expert systems // Information & Management. 1997. Vol. 32, No. 2. P. 55–63. doi:10.1016/s0378-7206(96)00010-9 

Bagdasaryan A. Discrete dynamic simulation models and technique for complex control systems // Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory. 2011. Vol. 19, No. 4. P. 1061–1087. doi:10.1016/j.simpat.2010.12.010 

Counsell J. M., Khalid Y. A., Brindley J. Controllability of buildings: A multi-input multi-output stability assessment method for buildings with slow acting heating systems // Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory. 2011. Vol. 19, No. 4. P. 1185–1200. doi:10.1016/j.simpat.2010.08.006 

Wong J., Li H., Lai J. Evaluating the system intelligence of the intelligent building systems: Part 1: Development of key intelligent indicators and conceptual analytical framework // Automation in Construction. 2008. Vol. 17, No. 3. P. 284–302. doi:10.1016/j.autcon.2007.06.002 

Mikhailenko V. M., Terentiev O. O., Tsiutsiura M. I. Intelektualna informatsiina tekhnolohiia diahnostyky tekhnichnoho stanu budivel: monograph. Kyiv, 2015. 162 p.

Intehrovani modeli i metody avtomatyzovanoi systemy diahnostyky tekhnichnoho stanu ob’iektiv budivnytstva: monograph / Mikhailenko V. M. et al. Kyiv, 2017. 229 p.

Biloshchytskyi A. O., Hryhorovskyi P. Ye., Terentiev O. O. Modeli i metody systemy diahnostyky tekhnichnoho stanu budivel: monograph. Kyiv, 2015. 232 p.







Copyright (c) 2018 Peter Grigorovskiy, Olexander Terentyev, Revaz Mikautadze

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ISSN (print) 2664-9969, ISSN (on-line) 2706-5448