Formation of the integral indicator of economic security of the region by taxonomy method

Natalia Ivanova

Abstract


The object of research is the economic security of the regions of Ukraine. One of the most problematic places is the lack of a generally accepted methodology for assessing the economic security of regions. Therefore, the aim of this research is an attempt to form an integral indicator of economic security of regions by the taxonomy method.

To achieve this aim, methods of theoretical generalization, analysis and synthesis, logical generalization, analogies, comparative comparison, the method of taxonomic analysis are applied. The method of taxonomic analysis makes it possible to construct a general estimation of a complex object or process, namely, the indicator of economic security of regions. The method of retrospective analysis makes it possible to study the dynamics and determine trends in the changes in the integral index of economic security in the regions of Ukraine.

The integral index of economic security of regions is calculated by the method of taxonomy for the period 2008–2015. Based on the results of the calculations, it is concluded that Dnipropetrovsk region holds the first place for almost the whole period of the study: 2008 – 0.67; 2009 – 0.58; 2010 – 0.7; 2011 – 0.72; 2012 and 2013 – 0.67; 2014 – 0.59 and 2015 – 0.65 points. An exception is 2009, when a high value of economic security was recorded in the Donetsk region (0.62). Throughout the study period, the low value of the economic security indicator was recorded in the Chernivtsi region, except for 2015 with the lowest value of 0.05 in the Luhansk region. The discrepancy between the maximum and minimum values of the integral index of economic security fluctuates on the average at the level of 0.55 points from 0.49 (2014) to 0.6 (2015). This is a rather significant deviation. At the same time, based on the results of the calculations, it is possible to assert that there is a tendency to increase disproportions in ensuring economic security of the regions.

Applied nature of the proposed methodology is justified by its practical application according to the actual data of social and economic development of the regions of Ukraine for 2008–2015. The disadvantage of the proposed methodology is the absence of a mathematical model for calculating the integral index of economic security of the regions, but the results of the study allow in the subsequent studies to develop regression forecast models for assessing regional economic security.


Keywords


economic security of the region; taxonomic analysis; social and economic development; integral indicator

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References


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GOST Style Citations


Modeliuvannia ekonomichnoi bezpeky: derzhava, rehion, pidpryiemstvo: monograph / Heiets V. M. et al.; ed. by Heiets V. M. Kharkiv: INZhEK, 2006. 240 p.

Sukhorukov A. I., Moshenskyi S. Z., Petruk O. M. Natsionalna ekonomichna bezpeka: handbook / ed. by Sukhorukov A. I. Zhytomyr: Ruta, 2010. 384 p.

Holovchenko O. M. Ekonomichna bezpeka rehionu v harantuvanni stabilnosti natsionalnoi ekonomiky: monograph. Odessa: Bukaiev V. V., 2008. 399 p.

Babets I. H. Vyrobnycho-tekhnolohichni zahrozy ekonomichnii bezpetsi rehionu v umovakh interrehionalnoho spivrobitnytstva // Naukovyi visnyk Lvivskoho derzhavnoho universytetu vnutrishnikh sprav. Seriia ekonomichna. 2012. Vol. 2. P. 199–209. URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Nvldu_e_2012_2_24

Bilyk R. V. Instytutsionalne zabezpechennia ekonomichnoi bezpeky rehioniv Ukrainy // Ekonomika i rehion. 2015. No. 4. P. 96–102. URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/econrig_2015_4_19

Tulchinskiy R. V. Strategic management principles of economic security in the regions // Economic bulletin of NTUU «KPI». 2017. No. 14. doi:10.20535/2307-5651.14.2017.108741 

Sukhorukov A. I., Kharazishvili Yu. M. Efektyvnist sotsialno-ekonomichnoho rozvytku ta ekonomichna bezpeka rehionu (na prykladi Zakarpatskoi oblasti). Kyiv: NISD, 2013. 32 p.

Pro zatverdzhennia metodyky rozrakhunku rivnia ekonomichnoi bezpeky Ukrainy: Order of the Ministry of Economy of Ukraine No. 60 from 02.03.2007. URL: http://consultant.parus.ua/?doc=03WN62B99B

Pilko A. D. Modeliuvannia protsesiv upravlinnia ekonomichnoiu bezpekoiu rehionu: Abstract's PhD thesis. Kyiv: KNEU, 2004. 21 p.

Pilko A. D., Savchuk N. V. Modeling the Process of Evaluation of the Level of Economic Security of Region // Bіznes Іnform. 2015. No. 8. P. 77–84. URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/binf_2015_8_14

Knysh M., Smaliychuk A. Integral assessment of economic security of a borderland region (the case of Lviv Oblast) // Journal of Geography, Politics and Society. 2017. Vol. 7, No. 2. P. 98–107. doi:10.4467/24512249jg.17.020.6636 

Ivanova N. Ensuring of the economic safety of the region through the early warning and response threats // International Scientific Journal «Internauka». Series: «Economical Sciences». 2017. Vol. 1, No. 8. P. 50–54. doi:10.25313/2520-2294-2017-8-3206 

State Statistics Service of Ukraine. URL: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ (Last accessed: 25.10.2017).





DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/2312-8372.2018.129861

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ISSN (print) 2226-3780, ISSN (on-line) 2312-8372