Hygiene and didactic criteria of adaptation to the initial stage of training in higher education establishments.

Authors

  • N. P. Grebnyak
  • S. A. Schudro
  • R. A. Fedorchenko

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.26641/2307-0404.2017.2.109848

Keywords:

functional system, functioning of the body, acceptor of result of action, adaptation of students to learn

Abstract

Reform of higher education in the conditions of deep social and economic transformations determines both optimizationof professional training and development of functional capacity of the organism for future work. The initial stage of training is of particular importance due to incorporation into a complex new system of educational environment. The aim of the work - to study the characteristics of adaptation process in the first-year students. Functional state of students’ organism was studied by visual-motor response, function of attention, speed, of information processing, tepping-test. This cross-sectional study included 179 first-year medical students. Students with a history of hearing or visual disorder, smoking, alcoholism, cardiovascular and respiratory disease and on medication which affects cognitive performance were excluded from the study. Participation in the test was voluntary and informed written consent was taken from each participant. Academic performance was analyzed. Pearson correlation has been used to find the significance of relationship between the speed of thought processes, function of attention, factor of motometria, volume of visual memory and academic performance. Adaptation of students to training is based on the functional system of  the body. Expressed correlation between the speed of thought processes (r=0,63, р<0,01), function of attention (r=0,47, р<0,05), ratio of motometry (r=0,45, р<0,05), volume of visual memory  (r=0,43, р<0,05) and academic performance was established. The distribution of these indicators demonstrates the feasibility of using Standard deviation to assess the degree of adaptation.

Author Biographies

N. P. Grebnyak

Zaporozhye State Medical University
Mayakovsky avenue, 26, Zaporozhye, 69035, Ukraine

S. A. Schudro

SE «Dnipropetrovsk medical academy of Health Ministry of Ukraine»
Vernadsky str., 9, Dnipro, 49044, Ukraine

R. A. Fedorchenko

Zaporozhye State Medical University
Mayakovsky avenue, 26, Zaporozhye, 69035, Ukraine

References

1. Hrebnyak MP, Yakymova KO. [Criterion signs of heart rate in the assessment of students' health]. Medy­tsyna s'ohodni i zavtra. 2013;2(59):41-44. Ukrainian.

2. Korobchans'kyi VO, Reznichenko OH. [Influence of the nature of learning and living conditions on the functional status of students in higher education]. Vestnik gigieny i epidemyologii. 2009;13(2):275-77. Ukrainian.

3. Korobchans'kyi VO, Reznichenko OH. [Hygienic assessment of the impact of credit-modular system of training on the functional status of students in higher edu­cation]. Medytsyna pratsi. 2010;3(23):62-66. Ukrainian.

4. Kundiev YUI, Nagornaya AM. [Occupational health in Ukraine: epidemiological analysis]. Kiev: Avit­senna. 2007;396. Russian.

5. Lebedynets' NV, Omel'chuk OV, Rohova PS, Si­ver NM. [The efficiency of first-year students as an in­dicator of adaptation to training in different shifts]. Dovkillya ta zdorov’ya. 2015;1:45-49. Ukrainian.

6. Reznichenko OH. [Hygienic aspects of psycho-diagnostics and correction of the functional state of students in higher education]. Eksperymental'na i kli­nichna medytsyna. 2011;3(52):170-72. Ukrainian.

7. Reznichenko OH. [Hygienic aspects of psycho-diagnostics and correction of the functional state of students in higher education]. Avtoref. dysertatsiyi. Kharkiv. 2013;19. Ukrainian.

8. Serdyuk AM, Pol'ka NS, Sergeta IV. [Psychohy­giene children and adolescents suffering from chronic somatic diseases: monograph]. Vinnitsa: Nova Kniga. 2012;336. Ukrainian.

9. Shestilovskaya NA. [Psycho-physiological and social characteristics of the students of 1-2 courses of adaptation]. Aktual'nye problemy gumanitarnogo obrazo­vaniya: materialy III Mezhdunarodnoj nauch.-prakt. konf. Minsk: Kolorgrad. 2016;104-8. Russian.

10. Aditya J, Ramta B, Avnish K, Singh KD. A com­parative study of visual and auditory reaction times on the basis of gender and physical activity levels of medical first year students. Internetional Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research. 2015;5(2):124-27.

11. Prabhavathi K, Hemamalini RV, Thilip Kumar G, Christopher Amalraj, Maruthy KN, Saravanan A. A correlational study of visual and auditory reaction time with their academic performance among the first year medical students. National Journal of Physiology, Pha­rmacy and Parmacolody. 2017;7(4):1-4.

12. Solanki J, Joshi N, Shah C, Mehta HB, Gokhle PA. A study of correlation between auditory and visual reaction time in healthy adults. Internetional Journal Medicine and Public Health. 2012;2(2):36-8.

13. Waddell C, Offord DR, Shepherd CA, Hua JM, McEwan K. Child Psychiatric Epidemiology and Cana­dian Public Policy-Making: the State of the Science and the Art of the Possible. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 2002;47(9):825-32.

14. Karia RM, Ghuntla TP, Mehta HB, Gokhale PA, Shah CJ. Effect of gender difference on visual reaction time: A study on medical students of Bhavnagar region. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy. 2012;2(3):452-54.

15. Nikam LH, Gadkari JV. Effect of age, gender and body mass index on visual and auditory reaction times in Indian population. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology. 2012;56(1):94-9.

16. Shelton J, Kumar GP. Comparison between audi­tory and visual simple reaction times. Neuroscience & Medicine. 2010;1:30-32.

17. Shigehisa T, Lynn R. Reaction time sand intel­ligence in Japanese children. International Journal of Psychology. 2007;26:195-202.

18. Silverman IW. Sex differences in simple visual reaction time: A historical meta-analysis. American Jour­nal of Research. 2006;54(1-2):57-69.

19. Taskin C. The visual and auditory reaction time of adolescents with respect to their academic achieve­ments. Journal of Education and Training Studies. 2016;4(3):202-207.

Downloads

Published

2017-06-29

How to Cite

1.
Grebnyak NP, Schudro SA, Fedorchenko RA. Hygiene and didactic criteria of adaptation to the initial stage of training in higher education establishments. Med. perspekt. [Internet]. 2017Jun.29 [cited 2024Jun.22];22(2):126-32. Available from: https://journals.uran.ua/index.php/2307-0404/article/view/109848

Issue

Section

PREVENTIVE MEDICINE