Predictors of genitourinary syndrome in women of elderly reproductive age after hysterectomy




uterine fibroids, hysterectomy, pelvic floor, genitourinary syndrome


The article presents an analytical assessment of risk factors for distant postoperative urogenital disorders in women of older reproductive age after radical surgical treatment for uterine fibroids.

The aim of the study was to optimize the diagnostic algorithm of genitourinary syndrome in women of older reproductive age after hysterectomy for uterine fibroids.

Materials and methods – 80 women aged 40 to 50 years were examined: 40 patients after vaginal and laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy, 40 patients with abdominal hysterectomy, control – 30 relatively healthy women with asymptomatic fibroids. The examination was performed at the stage of preoperative observation and for 3 years after surgery. Research methods: data on the assessment of pelvic floor and urogenital dysfunction using a standardized POP-Q system, physical examination, the ICS classification was used to assess the severity of urinary incontinence; quality of life assessment using the MOS SF-36 questionnaire; standard methods of variation statistics.

Research results and their discussion. The most important risk factors for genitourinary syndrome have been identified. These included obstetric and gynecological history (birth of large fetuses, episiotomies, birth trauma, high birth parity, ovarian surgery, the use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists), chronic diseases accompanied by increased intramuscularly; the presence of stigmas of undifferentiated connective tissue dysplasia; clinical manifestations of pelvic floor failure and functional disorders of the urethral sphincter.

Conclusions. In the case of surgical treatment of uterine fibroids, it is advisable to take into account not only the presence of vaginal prolapse and initial dysuric manifestations, but also their predictors in the preoperative stage of the examination, as this may affect the choice of method and access in the case of surgical treatment of uterine fibroids. rehabilitation program and will obtain the expected effect of surgical recovery.

Author Biographies

Olha Proshchenko, O. Bogomolets National Medical University

PhD, Assistant

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology No. 1

Iryna Ventskivska, O. Bogomolets National Medical University

MD, Head of Department

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology No. 1

Natalia Kamuz, Kyiv Perinatal Center

PhD, Obstetrician-Gynecologist

Svitlana Markitanyuk, Kyiv Perinatal Center

PhD, Obstetrician-Gynecologist


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How to Cite

Proshchenko, O., Ventskivska, I., Kamuz, N., & Markitanyuk, S. (2021). Predictors of genitourinary syndrome in women of elderly reproductive age after hysterectomy. ScienceRise: Medical Science, (2(41), 10–13.



Medical Science