DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/2312-8372.2018.129074

Result of implementation of resource-saving system in agro-industrial complex

Iurii Gerasymchuk, Pavlo Popyk, Nataliia Gerasymchuk, Iryna Shtuler, Yanina Lisun

Abstract


The object of research is the result of the introduction of resource saving in the agro-industrial complex (AIC), in particular in the first area – machine building for agriculture. One of the most problematic places is the systematic implementation of resource-saving in the agro-industrial complex. To overcome this problem, the authors propose a scheme for selecting a resource-saving project for the maintenance of the agro-industrial complex in order to assess the effectiveness of resource-saving technologies.

The aim of the authors is analyze the effectiveness of implementing resource-saving measures in the complex of the first sphere of the agro-industrial complex. To detail the aim, a task was set to approbate a scheme for selecting a resource-saving project for the maintenance of the agro-industrial complex for analyzing resource efficiency in enterprises, and determining the effectiveness of resource-saving measures. As a result, the multi-criteria rationale for increasing the resource efficiency of agribusiness enterprises is assessed as such, which is adequate for assessing the efficiency of production and the level of resource saving.

The technology of fuel-air mixture optimization, optimally depleted fuel-air mixture with an excess air factor a≥1.11.15 ensures the operation of the gasoline engine with the minimum content of harmful components in the exhaust gases. In particular, the NOx concentration is significantly lower than when the mixture is mixed with a stoichiometric mixture.

The economic efficiency of the resource-saving technology of the sowing device with the reserve dosing device is calculated. The average annual increase in profit from the introduction of a modernized precision seeding machine for the main tilled crops (corn, sunflower, soybeans, beets) is 1216.45 c. u. on sowing one hectare. The total annual income for a seed drill for the year is 956 thousand c.u. On the example of sowing one of the crops, maize yields the greatest economic effect – 1600,000 in a year, the smallest – sunflower (266 thousand c. u.). At the same time, the best prototype shows itself when soybean was sown, reducing losses by 99 % in value terms.


Keywords


resource-saving type of agro-industrial complex; engine with power regulation by switching off individual operating cycles

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References


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GOST Style Citations


Boiko A. I., Popyk P. S., Bannyi O. O. Vplyv shvydkosti peremishchennia dozuiuchoho elementa z kerovanym vektorom prysmoktuvannia na poiavy propuskiv ta dviinykiv pry vysivi nasinnia // Silskohospodarski mashyny. 2015. Vol. 33. P. 3–7.

The FAPRI Global Modeling System and Outlook Process / Meyers W. H. et al. // Journal of International Agricultural Trade and Development. 2010. Vol. 6, No. 1. P. 1–19.

Zaburanna L., Gerasymchuk N. Оptimization of  agriculture production on the basis of resource saving strategy // Modern Management Review. 2014. Vol. 2. P. 233–247.

Zhao Q., Huang J. Roadmap of Resource Saving Agricultural Science and Technology Development // Agricultural Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050. 2011. P. 80–99. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-19128-2_6 

Nazarbaev N. A. Strategiya resursosberezheniya i perekhod k rynku: monograph. Moscow: Mashinostroenie, 1992. 352 p.

Vovk I. P. Osoblyvosti vprovadzhennia zakhodiv resursozberezhennia ta metodyka vyznachennia yikh efektyvnosti na mashynobudivnykh pidpryiemstvakh v konteksti resursonomiky // Visnyk Sumskoho derzhavnoho universytetu. Seriia: Ekonomika. 2012. Vol. 4. P. 107–117.

Starytska O. P. Resursozberezhennia v systemi ekonomichnoho mekhanizmu pidvyshchennia efektyvnosti silskohospodarskoho vyrobnytstva // Naukovi zapysky TDPU im. V. Hnatiuka. Seriia: Ekonomika. 2005. Vol. 18. P. 199–205.

Yermoshenko M. M., Hanushchak-Iefimenko L. M. Mekhanizm rozvytku innovatsiinoho potentsialu klasteroobiednanykh pidpryiemstv: monograph. Kyiv: Natsionalna Akademiia Upravlinnia, 2010. 234 p.

Yerokhin S. A. Strukturna transformatsiia natsionalnoi ekonomiky (teoretyko-metodolohichnyi aspekt): monograph. Kyiv: Svit Znan, 2002. 528 p.

Kondratenko N. O. Stratehiia resursozberezhennia rehionalnykh ekonomichnykh system: monograph. Kharkiv: NTM, 2010. 362 p.

Liashenko I. O. Specifics and perspectives of resource saving in Ukraine // Efektyvna ekonomika. 2012. No. 11. URL: http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=1537

Resursonomika: teoretychni ta prykladni aspekty: monograph / Andrushkiv B. M. et al. Ternopil: TzOV «Terno-hraf», 2012. 456 p.

Sotnyk I. M. Resursozberezhennia ta ekonomichnyi rozvytok Ukrainy. Formuvannia mekhanizmiv perekhodu sub’iektiv hospodariuvannia Ukrainy do ekonomichnoho rozvytku na bazi resursozberihaiuchykh tekhnolohii: monograph. Sumy: Universytetska knyha, 2006. 551 p.

Gerasymchuk Y. The method of calculation of economic efficiency of repair of details // Ukraina-Bolgariya-Evropeyskiy Soyuz: sovremennoe sostoyanie i perspektivy. Varna: Nauka i ikonomika, 2015. P. 16–20.

Dynamics of a diesel engine with the power controlled by switching-off separate working cycles / Filippov A. et al. // MOTROL: Motoryzacja i Energetyka Rolnictwa. 2005. Vol. 7. P. 83–91.

Gerasymchuk N. A. Pidpryiemnytskyi mekhanizm resursozberihaiuchoho rozvytku APK: monograph. Kyiv: TsP «Komprint», 2015. 464 p.







Copyright (c) 2018 Nataliia Gerasymchuk, Iurii Gerasymchuk, Pavlo Popyk, Iryna Shtuler, Yanina Lisun

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ISSN (print) 2226-3780, ISSN (on-line) 2312-8372