DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/2312-8372.2018.129119

Improvement of economic and information mechanisms of social-economic development of mountain territories

Myroslav Kryshtanovych, Volodymyr Kholiavka, Svitlana Kryshtanovych, Ivan Gul

Abstract


The object of research is the socio-economic development of the mountain territories of the Carpathian region (Ukraine). One of the most problematic places is the existing mechanisms of state management to address the problems of mountain territories. Limited resources, insufficient information need to strengthen the attention of local executive bodies and local self-government, as well as further improve existing instruments of state regulation. The following research methods are used: analysis, extrapolation, SWOT analysis and systemic generalization.

In the course of the study, an analysis of the socio-economic development of mountain territories was made. This helped determine the priority industry, namely tourist and recreational. A model of a tourist-recreational cluster is proposed. This will allow creating conditions for effective activity and cooperation of all business entities. In particular, it will contribute to the development and implementation of measures to stabilize and improve the demographic situation in mountain territories, and to reduce the scale of emigration of local residents.

Effective mechanisms for the development of the mountain territories of the Carpathian region, namely, a mechanism for monitoring and forecasting factors, mechanisms for implementing state mining policy, mechanisms for influencing the effective use of available resources are determined. This will ensure the harmonization of the interests of all economic entities and will contribute to the growth of the economic potential of the mountain territories of Ukraine.

The economic and information mechanisms of state management of the socio-economic development of mountain territories are improved, in which, in addition to the steps for each of these mechanisms, specific actions are indicated. That is, their orientation, security, as well as the final goal and conditions of implementation are given.

Thanks to the proposed economic and information mechanisms, the peculiarities of the Carpathian region will be taken into account. Mechanisms contribute to the development of sectoral clustering, the introduction of innovative technologies, taking into account environmental security, the development of the region's infrastructure, increasing employment, social protection of the population and the popularization of the Carpathian region, both inside and outside Ukraine. The essence of the relationship between these mechanisms lies in the fact that the state should regulate those spheres and processes to which the market affects insufficiently or little effectively. This will guarantee the effective development of mountain territories.


Keywords


mountain territories; economic mechanism; information mechanism; socio-economic development; public administration; cluster; model

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References


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GOST Style Citations


Matviishyn Ye. H. Napriamy derzhavnoi pidtrymky rozvytku vidstalykh i depresyvnykh terytorii: zarubizhnyi dosvid: proceedings // Demokratychne vriaduvannia v konteksti hlobalnykh vyklykiv ta kryzovykh sytuatsii. Lviv: LRIDU NADU, 2009. P. 48‒51.

Lundgren T. The determinants of economic growth in the Swedish mountain region–the role of the forest and tourism sector, and protected land. 2005. URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228455341_The_determinants_of_economic_growth_in_the_Swedish_mountain_region-the_role_of_the_forest_and_tourism_sector_and_protected_land

Dukov D. F. Analiz sutnosti poniattia «mekhanizm derzhavnoho upravlinnia» ta pobudova yoho uzahalnenoho vyznachennia: proceedings // Publichne upravlinnia: stratehiia reform 2020. Kharkiv: KharRI NADU «Mahistr», 2015. P. 77–79. URL: http://www.kbuapa.kharkov.ua/e-book/apdu/2015-1/doc/1/05.pdf

Yeroshkina O. O. Biudzhetnyi mekhanizm rozvytku depresyvnykh rehioniv // Derzhava ta rehiony. Seriia: Derzhavne upravlinnia. 2009. Vol. 4. P. 111–115.

Porter M. Clusters and the New Economies of Competition // Harvard Business Review. 1998. Vol. 11–12. P. 77‒90.

Deili H. Poza zrostanniam. Ekonomichna teoriia staloho rozvytku. Kyiv: Intelsfera, 2002. 312 p.

Stratehiia rozvytku hirskykh terytorii lvivskoi oblasti na 2018–2022 roky. Lviv, 2017. 96 p. URL: http://sts-rrada.gov.ua/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Strategiya-rozvytku-girs'kyh-terytoriy-1.pdf

Krainyk O., Bil M. Turystychnyi klaster rehionu yak forma sotsialnoho dialohu: upravlinskyi aspekt // Demokratychne vriaduvannia. 2009. Vol. 4. URL: http://tourlib.net/statti_ukr/krajnyk.htm

Pietrzyk I. Regionalna polityka UE. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN SA, 2000. 311 p.

Beni M. C. Globalizacao do Turismo: Megatendencias do Sectore a Realidade Brasileira. Sao Paulo: Editora Aleph, 2003. 180 p.

Shandova N. Investigation of organizational and management specifics of health tourism development // Technology Audit and Production Reserves. 2017. Vol. 3, No. 5 (35). P. 4–8. doi:10.15587/2312-8372.2017.100915 

Dushko N. H. Derzhavno-pryvatne partnerstvo yak perspektyvnyi instrument sotsialno-ekonomichnoho rozvytku terytorii: proceedings / ed. by Bobrovska O. Yu. // Stalyi rozvytok terytorii: problemy ta shliakhy vyrishennia Dnipropetrovsk: DRIDU NADU, 2010. P. 51–53.

Sillence G. Gothenburg Symposium on Tourism and Travel in the Green Economy Final Report. ETC, 2009. 14 p.

Shkarupa O. V. Management of region’s social and economic development environmental modernization // Economic Annals-XXI. 2015. Vol. 7–8 (2). P. 57–60.

Social-ecological innovation in remote mountain areas: Adaptive responses of forest-dependent communities to the challenges of a changing world / Melnykovych M. et al. // Science of The Total Environment. 2018. Vol. 613–614. P. 894–906. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.07.065 

Sustainable Forest Management Alternatives for the Carpathian Mountains with a Focus on Ukraine / Keeton W. S. et al. // The Carpathians: Integrating Nature and Society Towards Sustainability. Environmental Science and Engineering. Berlin: Springer, 2013. P. 331–352. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-12725-0_24 

Evidence-Based Knowledge Versus Negotiated Indicators for Assessment of Ecological Sustainability: The Swedish Forest Stewardship Council Standard as a Case Study / Angelstam P. et al. // AMBIO. 2013. Vol. 42, No. 2. P. 229–240. doi:10.1007/s13280-012-0377-z 

Sustainable development in Europe: concepts, evaluation and applications / ed. by Schubert U., Stormer E. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2007. 340 p. doi:10.4337/9781781007587 







Copyright (c) 2018 Myroslav Kryshtanovych, Volodymyr Kholiavka, Svitlana Kryshtanovych, Ivan Gul

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ISSN (print) 2226-3780, ISSN (on-line) 2312-8372