DOI: https://doi.org/10.32461/2226-3209.1.2014.137885

SOME THOUGHTS REGARDING THE FEATURES OF CREATIVE ARTISTS OF THE LATE XX THE BEGINNING OF THE XXI CENTURY (the question features of development of art in the post-Soviet countries)

Nataliia Zhukova

Abstract


The paper addresses the problem of features of contemporary art. The art of the post-Soviet space and in theformer Soviet bloc, like digger. He roams in darkness borrowed art practices, and seeks to run them through a yourself torethink and does not of losing its identity. Even, we can say that art digger the terminology of Mikhail Epstein, is kenotyp(kainos + typos) art practices of most post-Soviet countries. Kenotyp – a generic imaginative diagram intellectual activitythat has no precedent in the collective unconscious, and for its symbolic meaning, refers to the future. In archetype generalprecedes the specific , it is first given. Mikhail Epstein argues: "Kenotyp – it is the ultimate the prospect of specific ,that is growing in history and turns it touches the limits of perpetual".

So, the work of contemporary Ukrainian artist, art critic, philosopher Olga Petrova contains expression, philosophicalgeneralizations and insight. A striking example – is it lithographs to the "Divine Comedy" by Dante Alighieri. Illustrationof the artist – this is not just drawing storylines reader Association on the topic, but rather is a reflection of thespirit of Dante Alighieri time. At the same time – she depicts the modern time. Her work – a synthesis of intuition and ofthe author's opinion, her intuitive and intelligent insight to see and inner spirituality not only of Dante, his contemporaries,but of every Characters of the immortal work of the great Florentine. Olga Petrova said: "Work – the interior psyche, ofintuitive movement, impulse and breakthrough into higher measurements". She believes that an artist has the propertycomprehend the transcendental and revive impressions of the past; This position is close to the concept of Henri Bergsonand Jacques Maritain.

Works writer Goran Petrovic of Serbia contains the on the one hand the idea of of eternal return of Bergson, andthe other – the transgression. This novel writer – "Atlas that made the sky". Heroes Serbian writer ostensibly nostalgic.

They create a cultural space. However, at the same time, it seems: they are in reality, on the other side of the mirror, andit is not clear whose reality: either their, or author. The novel represents the various story lines that sometimes intersectbut not complement and not explain each other. The text of the novel should be interpreted, to disclose there hidden text.

Maybe the subtext in the novel is not, is reflection of unrealized childhood dreams, fun, imposed on game of imaginationadult who is tired of the realities of the world around her. Characters of the novel do not have depth, they – artifacts visualizationwhich is possible only through intuition, the reader is provided the opportunity to think out, fantasizing aboutwhat thing is happening and why. Interpretation of the work becomes a game. In viewing of the rules appears transgression,here to overcome stereotypical reasoning. Can conclude that the theory of intuitionism considerably influenced the art of thetwentieth century, and the desire of artists so to speak to go ahead (trait digger), in this case – to transgressive step.

The paper also considered the work of Alexander Roitburd. Creativity of the artist a vivid manifestation of artisticdigger. It includes not only postmodern features, but also ironic and satirical intellectual tradition. This is revealed notonly in the work of the artist, but also his sense of the world. This kind of "digging", analysis, and as a consequence – thedeep wounds of the soul. The artist is experiencing a deep indifference of contemporary society concerning of nationalculture. One of the famous master paintings "Good Bye, Caravaggio". Work Roitburd interesting because, firstly, it isdouble layer: the first layer – a copy of Caravaggio's paintings, the second (upper) – author's abstraction, and, secondly,an interesting hidden subtext of this work. So persuasion O. Roytburd, like many other contemporary artists – a not indifferentpersuasion. Even in situations where mass culture dominates. However, "artists digger" is also hope still "react" towhat is happening around them.

Example creativity of artists – Olga Petrova, Alexander Roitburd and Goran Petrovic – demonstrates the abilityto use the term "digger" about artists living in the former Soviet Union and countries of the former socialist block.


Keywords


contemporary art; "digger"; art; artist