URBAN DEVELOPMENT PLANS OF RASHT (ANALYSIS AND REVIEW)
Abstract. About Six decades have passed since the preparation and implementation of the so-called comprehensive development plans in Iran and despite the fact that some positive results have been achieved; the desirable utility of experts and people has not been achieved. This article attempts to review urban development plans of Rasht by focusing on the second comprehensive plan of Rasht city as a case study and assesses the extent of realization of its objectives and its predictions. Specifically, the assessment of the results of the implementation of the second comprehensive plan of Rasht shows that there have been many mistakes in its projections and targets. Among them, the estimated population of Rasht in the comprehensive plan and its detailed plan was associated with 9.1% (46944
people) and 6.02% (33654 people) of the estimated surplus. Also, in the area of expansion and communication network of the city, the second comprehensive and detailed plan of Rasht had 13% and 22.6% of mistakes (surplus to estimate). Regarding the area and per capita of urban utilities, about 20.28% of the area of use and 24.76% of per capita at the end of the plan implementation are surplus on prediction, and in other words, the forecast of the second comprehensive and detailed plan of Rasht in this area has been in short supply. Finally, the second comprehensive plan of Rasht, such as comprehensive plans of other cities, has weaknesses and inadequacies such as non-flexibility, conducting extra studies, extensive service descriptions, and emphasis on the framework that is due to the weakness of
the nature of the comprehensive plan model more than anything else.
Key words: comprehensive plan, detailed plan, Rasht city, assessment.
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