DOI: https://doi.org/10.32461/2226-3209.1.2018.177679

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT PATTERN ON MARGINAL AREAS (CASE STUDY: ZABOL CITY)

Mahmoud Reza Anvari, Mehdi Mobasheri, Hossein Manouchehrian, Samaneh Saeb

Abstract


Abstract. Environmental assessment of urban development on marginal areas in Iran as an inevitable approach to assessing the degree of compatibility of this policy with sustainable urban development components seems to be necessary due to its wide impact on the ecology of cities in Iran. In this framework, the main objective of this article was to assess the environmental impacts of urban development on marginal areas in Zabol city. The research method in this research in terms
of research goal, is Applied, and in terms of the research framework, it is analytical and descriptive. SPSS and Expert Choice software were used to analyze the data. The results of single-sample T-test of the environmental indicators in the marginal areas of Zabol city, as well as the environmental impact on the marginal areas, showed that in all indicators, the average obtained is above the average of 3. In fact, the results show the environmental impact of the urban development pattern in the marginal areas of Zabol city is high. In the following, Spearman correlation test has been used to determine
the relationship between these two variables (Environmental impacts of developmental pattern and marginal areas). The results showed that there is a significant relationship between the environmental impacts of urban development and marginal areas, with a significant level of 0/00. Finally Expert Choice software is used to evaluate and rank the most important environmental impacts of urban development pattern on marginal areas from experts' point of view. The results showed, among the desired indicators, air pollution with a weight of 0.374, soil pollution with a weight of 0.220, water
pollution with a weight of 0.177, vegetation changes with a weight of 0.125 and noise pollution with a weight of 0.105 ,respectively, have the highest and lowest weights.
Key words: Environmental Impacts, Urban Development, Marginal Areas, Zabol.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Bahraini, Seyyed Hossein, (1997), Urbanization and sustainable development, Rahyaft monthly: No. 1.

Benn Saint John, (2003), Environmental Ethics, translated by Mohammad Mehdi Rostami Shahroudi, Tehran, EPA

publication.

Clark, A. L, (2009), Environmental Challenges to Urban Planning: Fringe areas, Ecological Footprints and Climate

Change, Presented at Key Challenges in the Process of Urbanization in Ho Chi Minh City: Governance, Socio-Economic,

and Environmental Issues, Workshop, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Hosseini, Mehdi. Barghchi, Masoomeh. Bagherzadeh, Fahmieh. Sayami, Kadir, (2015), Environmental Impact

Assessment of Urban Expansion (Case Study: Mehr Housing Project, Torqabeh City). Regional Planning Quarterly, The

fifth year. No. 18.

Jafari, Ali. Habibpour, Ali Asghar, (2008), Evaluation of the Effects of New Towns Development on the

Environment (Case Study: New Town of Pardis, Tehran), Urban Management Magazine Volume 6, Issue 21, Pages 58-45.

Maleki, Saeed. Saeedi Jafar, (2015), Investigating environmental dimensions and urban environment status in

Iranian development plans, Journal of Urban Management Studies, Volume 8, Issue 27, Pages 89-69.

Mohammadzadeh, Rahmat, (2006), Investigation of environmental impacts of accelerated physical development of

cities with emphasis on Tehran and Tabriz cities, Geography and Regional Development, Volume 5, Issue 9, Pages 112-93.

Naghdi, Asadollah. Zare, Sadeq, (2011), Biological margin pattern, a threat to sustainable urban development and

health, Urban Sociological Studies Journal (Urban Studies), Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 146-125.

Navabakhsh, Mehrdad. Rahmani, Mohammad (2010), Pathology of tower-making in environmental pollution of

urban spaces "Case study of Aryan Tower of Hamedan, Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Volume 12,

Issue 1 (44), Pages 177-163.

Prozon, Idris. Korkabadi, Zainab. Argan, Abbas, (2016), Analysis of the Effects of Sustainability Development

Indices In the development of texture types in Mahabad urban neighborhoods, Journal of Environmental Science and

Technology, Volume 18, Number 4.

Rabi'ifar, Valiollah. Ziyari, Keramatollah. Haghighat Nayini, Gholamreza, (2013), Assessing Sustainable

Development of Zanjan City From an Environmental Perspective Based on SWOT Techniques”, Urban and Regional

Studies and Research, No. 16, pp. 130-105.

Romiani, Ahmad. Salehi Mishani, Heydar. Vosooghi Rad, Leila. Ghaderi, Bahman. Amraei, Samad, (2016),

Application of RS-GIS Models in Urban Expansion Optimization with Emphasis on Environment (Case Study: Hamedan

City), Journal of Geography and Regional Development, Volume 14, Issue 2 (27), pp. 66-55.

Sadegh Beigi, Nasrin. Mirlotfi, Mahmood Reza (2013), Impact of city abandoned urban sewage on Social and

economic instability in Savojbolagh villages, MSc Thesis.

Zargar, Ali. Isma'il Nasiri,Hendah. Salehi, Erfaneh, (2014), Investigating urban development, population growth

and its environmental impacts, the first national conference on architecture, Civil and Urban Environment, Hamedan,

Hegmatane Environment Evaluators Association.

Ziaei Fard, Maryam (2014), Spatial Analysis of Settlement of Rural Immigrants on the Border of Zabol, Thesis for

Master of Arts in Geography and Rural Planning, University of Zabol, Supervisor: Dr. Mahmood Reza Mirlotfi.