RESOURCE CONSERVATION AS A BASIS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT: ENVIRONMENTAL AND LEGAL ASPECTS
Abstract: based on the analysis of the works of Russian and foreign economists, legal scholars, and
representatives of various natural sciences, the article examines the environmental and legal aspects of resource conservation as the basis for rational environmental management in the Russian Federation. In the Russian environmental and legal reality, resource conservation is given an independent place in the regulation of environmental management. The field of legal support for resource conservation includes not only the economical use of natural resources, but also energy conservation. We analyzed the international documents, in which the Russian Federation is involved, within the area of our study. We showed the expansion of international cooperation in the application of the latest resource conservation and energy conservation technologies in the interests of the entire world community. Wr revealed that the legal regulation of resource conservation in the Russian environmental legislation is poorly developed. We made a conclusion about the feasibility of introducing the legal principles of resource conservation in the legislation on environmental management. The support of complex investment projects involving the mechanisms of public, municipal and private partnership in the resource conservation orbit is significant. Unlike resource conservation in general, energy conservation is characterized by an extensive regulatory framework. The set of legal norms on energy
conservation is a comprehensive legal formation. Many bylaws and departmental documents have been adopted in the field of energy conservation. Positive experience on domestic legal regulation of energy conservation should be extended to similar public relations on resource conservation.
Keywords: environmental management, resource conservation, energy conservation, resource conservation echnologies, environmental legislation, legal regulation
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