• Yahya Bouzarinejad
  • Shahin Zarpeyma
  • Mina Jahanshahi
  • Elahe Marandi



Abstract. What is the role of the intellectual foundations caused by social crisis in the emergence of contemporary Islamic Salafi movements in the Middle East? which thinkers in the history are considered as the founders of new Islamic Salafist in the Middle East; moreover the thoughts of these thinkers were born from which crisis and social relations? Analysis of this phenomenon based on pure religious teachings is in vain; therefore, our method in this article in addition to referring to the most important thinking dimensions of influential thinkers in the emergence of contemporary Islamic Salafi in the Middle East, was to analyze and explain the effective social crisis in the above phenomenon. in this article, the role of crises such as the succession crisis of the Prophet Muhammad, the collapse of the Abbasid caliphate, the Mongol invasion, the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the First World War, the colonial constitution, the relations of the colonial states and ... had been shown in the creation of this movements, and finally, it had been concluded that the radical and controversial thoughts of contemporary Islamic Salafi and Takfiri movements
have been caused by radical and controversial social conditions and crises.
Key words: Salafism, Salafist Movements, Social Crises, Takfirism, Wahhabism.


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