• Liliya Ishmakhova
  • Taisiya Pushkar
  • Juliana Emanova
  • Mikhail Yao



Abstract. The article analyzes the alternative wood materials used to make furniture, such as: stone, metal, cardboard, papier-mâché, paper, plastic and glass. The material is considered as the basis of an artistic image. From the standpoint of material artistic potential disclosure, the samples from antiquity to the present time are analyzed. The steel furniture by the masters of England and Russia of the 18th and 19th centuries is of artistic interest. New features of metal in furniture were disclosed in the twentieth century. In the twentieth century, metal and plastic furniture was widely used in industrial design. In the 1970-ies, metal furniture for industrial purposes came to home and office
interiors in a high-tech style. A new surge to the expressive possibilities of metal in furniture appears in postmodernism within the works of “creative recycling” trend representatives. In the 18th century, the production of parts and furniture made of papier-mâché was developed in Europe, and it was distributed widely in the 19th century. The twentieth century reveals that the pieces of furniture can be made from paper and the material derived from it - cardboard and papier-mâché. The interest in cardboard appears during the 1960-ies under the influence of "fragility culture" ideas. Since the end of the 1940-ies, an active understanding of plastic possibilities in industrial design began, and since the
1960-ies plastic acquired new forms. In the twentieth century, the glass turns into a molding material from the accompanying one. At the turn of the centuries, the furniture appears with an unconventional use of old materials and new technologies, the extrapolation of technological methods for the conversion of one material to another. The erasing of the boundaries between design and art is traced.
Keywords: furniture style, non-traditional furniture materials, furniture design, frameless furniture.


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