• Iraj Mehraki
  • Seyed Mahdi Musavi Mir Kalaei



Abstract. Song is a general term in Persian literature that refers to various types of poetic forms which are associated with music particularly Fahlaviat, two-couplet, quatrain and stanzas. "Fahlaviat, Gusan, Khosrawani, Gulbang, Tasnif and so on and so forth, were other names that had been used for referring to this poetic form in the course of history" (Bahar, 1965: 60). Moreover, some have understood Taraneh (Persian terms for song) (Taranak, Tarangeh, Tarang, Rang) as a derivative of Tar in the sense of fresh, young and well driven from an Avestaeian root, i.e. Turuneh (Dad, 1996: 68). This term today is generally used by literary experts to refer to two-couplets (do-beyti) and in music it is usually tantamount to musical composition, song, rhyme, and melody as well as melodic poem. Music and first written document of song, according to Kadkani, "dates back to a song by Barbod the poet and musician of the court of Sassanid Khosrow Parvis" (Kadkani, 1989: 102). Song after undergoing through historical changes of Islamic eras, wars and peace, and movements came to Islamic Revolution of Iran and evolved to what we are witness to now. The language of song today has become more intimate and easier to understand and this has its origin in the social and cultural changes of Islamic community. The current essay is an effort to investigate the changes of song writing based on a study of the song currents. Of course, for the
sake of a better understanding a short history of song writing as well as a discussion of the definitions of the key terms of this melodic literary branch has also been provided.
Key words: Song, Song Writer, Melodic Composition, Music.


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