Diversity of soils, vegetation and biotopes of the regional landscape park “Balka Kobylna”
Keywords:soils, plant communities, biotopes, diversity, regional landscape park, spatial differentiation
The article considers the patterns of spatial organization of vegetation and soil cover and the biotopic diversity of the regional landscape park, the territory of which has recently become part of the Emerald Network.
The aim of the study is to find out the current state of the diversity of soils, plant communities and biotopes of the territory of the regional landscape park “Balka Kobylna”.
Materials and methods. When conducting the geobotanical work, generally accepted methods were used. The soil diagnostics was carried out using soil genetic, morphological and laboratory experimental methods. Biotopes are identified in accordance with the developments, presented in the National Habitat Catalogue of Ukraine; the lower levels of the biotopic hierarchy correspond to the syntaxa of the latest “Prodrome of the vegetation of Ukraine”.
Results. The composition of the typological units of the soil cover and the features of their spatial differentiation were ascertained, the diversity of plant communities was evaluated, and the patterns of the mutual arrangement of soil and plant territorial units were revealed. It was shown, that the communities of the true steppes are confined to southern chernozems with different degrees of development; on sod-steppe soils, the vegetation of the true steppes is replaced by petrophytogenic one. A classification scheme of biotopes of the territory of the RLP was compiled, represented by six types of the highest classification units; lower levels of the biotopic hierarchy represent the syntaxonomical division of vegetation.
Conclusions. As a result of studying the soil cover of RLP “Balka Kobylna”, 23 soil varieties, included in eight soil types, were identified. 30 formations and 8 cenostructures of communities with the dominance of a certain species that did not receive the status of formations in the dominant classification were identified. In addition to the six natural types, we noted some synanthropic phytocoenoses in RLP. The typological scheme of biotopes of RLP “Balka Kobylna”, compiled on the basis of the “National Habitat Catalogue of Ukraine”, includes 6 types of the highest hierarchical level, 8 units of biotopes of the second level, 11 – of the third one, 6 – of the fourth one (including three more subtypes). The results of the studies indicate the high sozological value of the investigated territory and are the basis for the management activity on the lands of the protected object and the development of measures for the biodiversity restoration
- Pryrodno-zapovidnyi fond Dnipropetrovskoi oblasti (2017). Dnipro, 118.
- Kravchenko, O. (Ed.) (2017). Pravovyi rezhym pryrodno-zapovidnoho fondu Ukrainy: istoriia formuvannia, yurydychni aspekty ta zakordonnyi dosvid. Lviv: Vydavnytstvo «Kompaniia “Manuskrypt”», 92.
- Smetana, O. M., Dolina, O. O., Yaroshchuk, Y. V., Krasova, O. O., Rudiuk D. O. (2013). Development of the Ingulets Regional ecocorridor: problems and perspectives. Ukrainian Botanical Journal, 70 (4), 457–466.
- Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats. (1979). Bern.
- Polianska, K. V., Borysenko, K. A., Pavlachyk, P., Vasyliuk, O. V., Marushchak, O. Yu., Shyriaieva, D. V. et. al.; Kuzemko, A. (Ed.) (2017). Zaluchennia hromadskosti ta naukovtsiv do proektuvannia merezhi Emerald (Smarahdovoi merezhi) v Ukraini. Kyiv, 304.
- Updated list of officially adopted Emerald sites (2019). Available at: https://rm.coe.int/updated-list-of-officially-adopted-emerald-sites-december-2019-/168098ef51?fbclid=IwAR3Sfh-F_w0fpHBkCggkU1Xc1bUbo57vMgDhu1Fcgq-gFvM5QaceWsnOlt4
- Evans, D. (2012). Building the European Union’s Natura 2000 network. Nature Conservation, 1, 11–26. doi: http://doi.org/10.3897/natureconservation.1.1808
- Fredshavn, J., Bak, J. (2018). Scientific analysis on the designation of Natura 2000 sites and the status of nature and effort. A comparison of The Netherlands, Schleswig-Holstein and Denmark. Aarhus University, DCE – Danish Centre for Environment and Energy, 15.
- Niedziałkowski, K., Blicharska, M., Mikusiński, G., Jędrzejewska, B. (2014). Why is it difficult to enlarge a protected area? Ecosystem services perspective on the conflict around the extension of the Białowieża National Park in Poland. Land Use Policy, 38, 314–329. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2013.12.002
- Wojdan, D., Żeber-Dzikowska, I., Gworek, B., Mickiewicz, K., Chmielewski, J. (2019). Protected areas of the Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship. Environmental Protection and Natural Resources, 30 (3 (81)), 35–46.
- Perzanowska, J., Korzeniak, J., Chmura, D. (2019). Alien species as a potential threat for Natura 2000 habitats: a national survey. PeerJ, 7, e8032. doi: http://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.8032
- Manolache, S., Ciocanea, C. M., Rozylowicz, L., Nita, A. (2017). Natura 2000 in Romania – a decade of governance challenges. European Journal of Geography, 8 (2), 24–34.
- Manolache, S., Nita, A., Ciocanea, C. M., Popescu, V. D., Rozylowicz, L. (2018). Power, influence and structure in Natura 2000 governance networks. A comparative analysis of two protected areas in Romania. Journal of Environmental Management, 212, 54–64. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.01.076
- Feilhauer, H., Dahlke, C., Doktor, D., Lausch, A., Schmidtlein, S., Schulz, G., Stenzel, S. (2014). Mapping the local variability of Natura 2000 habitats with remote sensing. Applied Vegetation Science, 17 (4), 765–779. doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/avsc.12115
- Hošek, M., Kešner, M., Bogdan V., Lakušić D., Kuzmanović N., Lazarević P. et. al. (2019). Natura 2000 habitat mapping of the Skadar Lake National Park in Montenegro. Technical report, 15.
- Abduloieva, O. S., Kovalenko, O. A. (2017). Metodychni aspekty kartuvannia oselyshch v Natsionalnomu pryrodnomu parku «Pyriatynskyi» (Poltavska obl.). Merezha NATURA 2000 yak innovatsiina systema okhorony ridkisnykh vydiv ta oselyshch v Ukraini. Conservation Biologyin Ukraine. Kyiv, 1, 9–14.
- Yakubenko, B. Ye., Popovych, S. Yu., Ustymenko, P. M., Dubyna, D. V., Churilov, A. M. (2018). Heobotanika: metodychni aspekty doslidzhen. Kyiv: Lira K, 316.
- Polovyi, A. M., Hutsal, A. I., Dronova, O. O. (2013). Gruntoznavstvo. Odesa, 668.
- Dolyna, O. O., Smetana, O. M. (2014). Terytorialna struktura ta klasyfikatsiia gruntiv Kryvorizkoho zalizorudnoho baseinu. Visnyk Dnipropetrovskoho universytetu. Seriia: Biolohiia. Ekolohiia, 22 (2), 161–168.
- Mosyakin S., Fedoronchuk M. (1999). Vascular plants of Ukraine. A nomenclatural checklist. Kiev, 346.
- Krasova, O. O., Korshykov, I. I. (2016). Community dominants and coenotaxonomic richness of vegetation on slopes of the Black Sea part of the Ingulets River basin. Ukrainian Botanical Journal, 73 (6), 557–567. doi: http://doi.org/10.15407/ukrbotj73.06.557
- Kuzemko, A. A., Didukh, Ya. P., Onyshchenko, V. A., Sheffer, Ya. (Eds.) (2018). Natsionalnyi kataloh biotopiv Ukrainy. Kyiv: FOP Klymenko Yu.Ya., 442.
- Dubyna, D. V., Dziuba, T. P., Yemelianova, S. M. ta in. (2019). Prodromus roslynnosti Ukrainy. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 783.
- Didukh, Ya. P. (Ed.) (2009). Chervona knyha Ukrainy. Roslynnyi svit. Kyiv: Hlobalkonsaltynh, 912.
- Didukh, Ya. P. (Ed.) (2009). Zelena knyha Ukrainy. Ridkisni i taki, shcho perebuvaiut pid zahrozoiu znyknennia ta typovi pryrodni roslynni uhrupovannia, yaki pidliahaiut okhoroni. Kyiv: Alterpres, 448.
- Kucherevskyi, V. V., Provozhenko, T. A. (2012). Shamaecytiseta granitici– nova formatsiia chaharnykovoi roslynnosti Pravoberezhnoho Zlakovoho Stepu Ukrainy. Ukrainskyi botanichnyi zhurnal, 69 (5), 644–651.
- Revised Annex I of Resolution 4 (1996) of the Bern Convention on endangered natural habitats types using the EUNIS habitat classification (year of revision 2010). Available at: http://eunis.eea.europa.eu/references/2442
- Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora, O.J. L206, 22.07.92
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Olha Krasova, Oleksandr Dolyna, Oleksiy Smetana, Liudmyla Lysohor
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the Creative Commons CC BY copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons CC BY, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.