DOI: https://doi.org/10.15587/2519-4852.2017.99951

The study of steroidal compounds in canna plant material

Svitlana Tymofieieva, Oleksandra Kyslychenko, Iryna Zhuravel

Abstract


Aim. Identification and quantitative determination of steroidal compounds in Canna roots, rhizomes, leaves and flowers.

Methods. Identification and quantitative determination of steroidal compounds in Canna herbal material was carried out by Gas chromatography – Mass spectrometry method (GC/MS).

Results. In result of the study, 15 steroidal compounds were identified in Canna roots, 11 compounds – in rhizomes, 12 – in leaves, and 3 – in flowers. β-sitosterol, campesterol, and stigmasterol dominated quantitavely in all studied samples.

The content of steroidal compounds in Canna was: 138.6 mg/kg in leaves, 130.5 mg/kg in roots, 126.7 mg/kg in rhizomes, and 37.01 mg/kg in flowers.

During the research work it was found that β-sitosterol was dominating compound by its quantitative content in all types of Canna plant material. Its content was 60.2 mg/kg in rhizomes, 57.0 mg/kg in roots, 47.0 mg/kg in leaves, and 31.52 mg/kg in flowers.

Conclusion. The obtained results can be used for development of the methods for Canna quality control, as well as for obtaining biologically active substances from the herbal material


Keywords


Canna lily; roots; rhizomes; leaves; flowers; steroidal compounds; Gas chromatography – Mass spectrometry

References


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GOST Style Citations


Al-Snafi, A. E. Bioactive components and pharmacological effects of Canna indica – an overview [Тext] / A. E. Al-Snafi // International Journal of Pharmacology & Toxicology. – 2015. – Vol. 5 (2). – Р. 71–75.

Mishra, T. Antioxidative properties of Canna edulis Ker-Gawl [Тext] / T. Mishra, A. K. Goyal, S. K. Middha, A. Sen // Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources. – 2011. – Vol. 2 (3). – Р. 315–321.

Niraimathi, V. Comparative study of phytochemical and in vitro anticancer activity of hydro ethanolic extract of dalbergia latifolia roxb. And canna indica linn [Тext] / V. Niraimathi, R. Sundaraganapathy // International Journal of Biological & Pharmaceutical Research. – 2014. – Vol. 3, Issue 5. – P. 261–265.

Zhang, J. Phenolic compounds from Canna edulis Ker residue and their antioxidant activity [Тext] / J. Zhang, Z.-W. Wang, Q. Mi // Food Science and Technology. – 2011. – Vol. 44, Issue 10. – P. 2091–2096. doi: 10.1016/j.lwt.2011.05.021

Woyengo, T. A. Anticancer effects of phytosterols [Тext] / T. A. Woyengo, V. R. Ramprasath, P. J. H. Jones // European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. – 2009. – Vol. 63, Issue 7. – P. 813–820. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2009.29

Tsurufuji, S. A review of mechanism of action of steroid and non-steroid antiinflammatory drugs [Тext] / S. Tsurufuji, K. Sugio, H. Sato, K. Ohuchi // Inflammation: Mechanisms and Treatment. – 1980. – Vol. 4. – Р. 63–78. doi: 10.1007/978-94-010-9423-8_7

Kaur, N. Stigmasterol: a comprehensive review [Тext] / N. Kaur, J. Chaudhary, A. Jain, L. Kishore // International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. – 2011. – Vol. 2, Issue 9. – P. 2259–2265.

Barnes, P. J. Anti-inflammatory actions of steroids: molecular mechanisms [Тext] / P. J. Barnes, I. Adcock, M. Spedding, P. M. Vanhoutte // Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. – 1993. – Vol. 14, Issue 12. – Р. 436–441. doi: 10.1016/0165-6147(93)90184-l

Darsini А., І. P. Canna indica (l.): a plant with potential healing Powers: a review [Тext] / І. P. Darsini А., S. Shamshad, M. J. Haul // International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. – 2015. – Vol. 6, Issue 2. – P. B1–B8.

Гур’єва, І. Г. Вивчення стероїдних сполук та коренів тифону [Текст] / І. Г. Гур’єва // Фітотерапія. – 2014. – № 1. – С. 71–73.







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