ageing, people with dementia, carer, social services, Hungary.


This paper presents the results of the study of main features and current state of social protection of people with dementia in Hungary. At present, the population of Hungary is rapidly aging and is decreasing quantitatively. Social and demographic changes as well as the increase of life expectancy affect the provision of social services for the population of Hungary. The aim of the paper is to provide an overview of social services delivered to persons with dimentia in Hungary. To achieve this aim the following tasks were defined as to be solved: to charcterise the organisation of social support for persons with dementia and the services provided. The study object − social policy of Hungary. The study subject − social services provided to the persons with dementia. The following research methods have been used: − theoretical − the secondary analysis of scientific-research sources on the problem under consideration has given the possibility to systematize and generalize the available data on current state of the problem; − empirical − observations and interviews with scholars and practical social workers have given an opportunity to analyse the Hungarian experience in social services provision to persons with dementia. The data gathered allowed to conclude, that in Hungary dementia is not considered to be among the social and healthcare priorities. In accordance with the Hungarian legislation, persons with dementia are not considered to be «people with disabilities» and therefore they are not eligible for financial or social benefits as provided to other persons with disabilities. Although the law provides for the state funding of normative day-care fees, daycare facilities are not available. Respite homes and long-term care institutions are very limited in number. State supported home-care is limited to the provision of meals at a low cost. Private institutions are inaccessible due to high costs. Adequacy, accessibility and availability of services in general do not respond to the needs of either people with dementia or the family carers.

Author Biography

Olena Bartosh, State University «Uzhhorod National University»

Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Ph.D. in Pedagogy, Associate Professor Department of Sociology and Social Work


Alzheimer Europe. Hungary (2007). Social support systems. Organisation and financing of social support to people with dementia and carers. Retrieved from

Andersson, J. (2007). Foreword. In Dementia in Europe. Yearbook 2007. Alzheimer (p.9). Brussels: European Commission. Retrieved from archive/ph_information/reporting/docs/2007_dementiayearbook_en.pdf

Budai, I. (2010). Húsz év után – önkritikusan [Twenty years later − self-critical]. Esély − Chance, 4, 51−81 [in Hungarian].

Bugarszki, Z. (2014). A magyarországi szociális munka válsága [Crisis in Hungarian social work]. Esély − Chance, 3, 64−73 [in Hungarian].

Natlex (2018). Database of national labour, social security and related human rights legislation [dataset]. Retrieved from natlex4.detail?p_lang=en&p_isn=49593

Eurostat (2018). Deaths of residents related to dementias including Alzheimer [Dataset]. Retrieved from

Eurostat. Statistics Explained (2017). Retrieved from

Fedor, R.A., & Patyán, P. (2010). Social Policy and Social Security in Hungary / In P. Erath, B. Littlechild (Ed.), Social Work Across Europe (pp.81−91). Ostrava, Slovakia: ERIS.

Green Paper (2005). Improving the mental health of the population: Towards a strategy on mental health for the European Union. Brussels: European Commission, COM(2005)484. Retrieved from life_style/mental/green_paper/mental_gp_en.pdf

Krémer, B. (2014). Az alapvetés érthetőségéről – és tarthatatlanságáról [The clarity of the essence - and its untenability]. Esély − Chance, 3, 79−87 [in Hungarian].

Németh, L. (2014). Hova jutott a szociális szakma a rendszerváltástól napjainkig [Where did the social profession come starting from the regime of change to the present day]? Esély − Chance, 3, 95−100 [in Hungarian].

National Social Report. Hungary. (2014). Retrieved from

Patyán, L. (2015, October). Characteristics of Social Work in Hungary. Current and past discussions, and issues concerning to the professionalisation, institutionalisation and the role of social work. Proceedings of the conference on changes in social work [Premeny Sociálnej Práce. Hľadanie Identity Profesie]. − Slovakia: Fakulta Zdravotnictva a Sociálnej Práce Trnavskey University v Trnave. Retrieved from

Špidla, V. (2007). Foreword. In Dementia in Europe. Yearbook 2007. Alzheimer Europe (pp.5-6). Brussels: European Commission. Retrieved from

Szabó L. (2014). A szakmai kultúra és az intézményes kultúra, valamint az intézményi és társadalmi környezet szerepe a szociális munkában [The role of professional culture and institutional culture as well as of the institutional and social environment in social work]. Párbeszéd, Szociális munka folyóirat − Dialogue, Social Work Journal, 1 (1-2). Retrieved from megjelent/html/551a4e308904a [in Hungarian].

Szoboszlai, K. (2014). Szociális munka a változások tükrében: kik vagyunk, hol tartunk és mit kellene tennünk [Social work in the mirror of change: who we are, where we are and what we should do]? Esély − Chance, 3, 87−95 [in Hungarian].

Tausz, K. (2006). A jóléti állam és Magyarország [The welfare state and Hungary]. In V. E. Szilveszter, I. Teplán, J. Szentpéteri (Ed.), Előmunkálatok a társadalmi párbeszédhez, Gazdasági és Szociális Tanács [Preliminary work for social dialogue, economic and social council] (pp.149−159). Budapest: ÚMK [in Hungarian].

Törvény (1997). LXXX. A társadalombiztosítás ellátásaira és a magánnyugdíjra jogosultakról, valamint e szolgáltatások fedezetérıl [On social security benefits and private pensioners, and the coverage of these services]. Retrieved from [in Hungarian].

World Health Organisation (2015, March). Fact sheet No°362. Retrieved from




How to Cite

Bartosh, O. (2018). SOCIAL PROTECTION OF PEOPLE WITH DEMENTIA IN HUNGARY. Social Work and Education, 5(2), 6–18.