• Majid Sabkara



Abstract. The purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of structural, communicative and
cognitive capital on entrepreneurial orientations with regard to the role of dynamic capabilities. The statistical population of the research is all the food industry companies that are active in Rasht and number is 64 units andusing Cochran sampling formula, 116 senior executives of these companies were examined using theconveniencerandom method as the final sample of the research.The data collection tool was a questionnaire consisting of 19 items.In order to analyze the collected data, structural equation modeling and confirmatory factor analysis were used.The results of the assumptions revealed that structural and communicative dimensions of social capital have a significant effect on the entrepreneurial orientation of the companies.However, cognitive dimension did not show a significant effect.Also, all aspects of social capital have a significant effect on dynamic capabilities in companiesand dynamic capabilities play the role of a mediator variable.
Keywords: Entrepreneurial orientation, Social capital, Dynamic capabilities, Industrial city.


Ağca, V., Topal, Y., & Kaya, H. (2012), Linking intrapreneurship activities to multidimensional firm

performance in Turkish manufacturing firms: an empirical study. International Entrepreneurship and Management

Journal, 8(1), 15-33.

Akbari boorang, M., Poor, S., Ayati, M. (20150. Explaining Organizational Performance Based on

Entrepreneurship Orientation and Intellectual Capital: Structural Equation Model, Productivity Management, Eighth,

No. 30.

Davis, J. L., Greg Bell, R., Tyge Payne, G., and Kreiser, P. M., (2010). Entrepreneurial Orientation and Firm

Performance: The Moderating Role of Managerial Power, American Journal of Business 25, pp. 41-54.

Farahani, H., Shabani, R., Ghaffari, H. (2011). The study ofEffect of entrepreneurial orientation and

marketing information on the performance of small and medium enterprises in Markazi province, Knowledge base

Business Management s, Mazandaran University.

Hashemi, S. H. Norouzi, M. R. (2009). Conceptualization and the impact of government on social capital in

society, Semnan, March 5th, pp. 419-434.

Helfat, C. E., & Martin, J. A. (2015). Dynamic managerial capabilities: A perspective on the relationship

between managers, creativity, and innovation in organizations. In C. E. Shalley, M. A. Hitt, & J. Zhou (Eds.), The

Oxford handbook of creativity, innovation, and entrepreneurship (pp. 421e429). USA: Oxford University press.

Li, D. Y., & Liu, J. (2014). Dynamic capabilities, environmental dynamism, and competitive advantage:

Evidence from China. Journal of Business Research, 67, 2793e2799.

Makkonen, H., Pohjola, M., Olkkonen, R., & Koponen, A. (2014). Dynamic capabilities and firm

performance in a financial crisis. Journal of Business Research, 67, 2707e2719.

Mehrani, H., Sadeghi, M. (2014). Impact of entrepreneurial orientation on industrial product branding and

business growth in emerging markets.Commercial Reviews, No. 73.

Molina-Morales, F. X., & Martínez-Fern_andez, M. T. (2009). Too much love in the neighborhood can hurt:

How an excess of intensity and trust in relationships may produce negative effects on firms. Strategic Management

Journal, 30, 1013e1023.

Peteraf, M., Di Stefano, G., & Verona, G. (2013). The elephant in the room of dynamic capabilities: Bringing

two diverging conversations together. Strategic Management Journal, 34, 1389e1410.

Rauch, A., Wiklund, J., Lumpkin, G.T., Frese, M. (2009). Entrepreneurial orientation and business performance: An assessment of past research and suggestions for the future, Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 33(3), 761-787, 2009.

Rodrigo-Alarcon, J., Garcia-Villaverde, P. M., Ruiz-Ortega, M. J. (2017). From social capital to entrepreneurial orientation: The mediating role of dynamic capabilities, European Management Journal xxx, 1-15.

Sadegh Zadeh, H., Vali Netaj, N. (2012). The Effect of Social Capital on Entrepreneurship in Enterprises of

Babolsar Industrial Town, National Conference on Entrepreneurship andKnowledge baseBusiness Management,

Mazandaran University.

Schilke, O. (2014). On the contingent value of dynamic capabilities for competitive advantage: The nonlinear

moderating effect of environmental dynamism. Strategic Management Journal, 35, 179e203.

Sciascia, S., D'Oria, L., Bruni, M., & Larra~neta, B. (2014). Entrepreneurial Orientation in low- and medium-

tech industries: The need for absorptive capacity to increase performance. European Management Journal, 32,


Wales, W. J., Gupta, V. K., & Mousa, F. T. (2013). Empirical research on entrepreneurial orientation: An

assessment and suggestions for future research. International Small Business Journal, 31, 357e383.